Student Learning Outcomes:
This module meets the following program Student Learning Outcomes for this course:
- Communication: Utilize effective, culturally sensitive, and ethical communication methods to collaborate with patients, families, communities, and health care providers. Communication methods include oral, written and electronic formats that promote sending and receiving information.
This module meets the following Course Learning Outcomes listed in the Syllabus for this course:
- Utilize technology to access information relevant to specific areas of practice.
- Develop information necessary to be an advocate for the use of technology in practice and the profession.
Upon completion of this module, the student will be able to:
- Define information technology and nursing informatics.
- Discuss types of clinical and administrative information systems used within healthcare institutions (electronic medical records, monitoring systems, medication administration, wireless and portable devices, Telehealth, quality assurance, risk management, scheduling, registration, and human resource systems)
- Review the influence of regulation and accreditation on information security and confidentiality.
- Relate current news about healthcare information technology to ethical concerns, confidentiality, data integrity, and caring.
Example of Healthcare Informatics and Technology in Practice:
Mr. Payne is a 53-year-old corporate executive who called 911 from his office because he was having crushing chest pain. Paramedics respond, assess his symptoms, take his vital signs, obtain a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), start intravenous fluid, and administer Aspirin and Nitroglycerin. They call the nearest hospital Emergency Room (ER) on their mobile phone and transmit the ECG and vital signs to the Emergency Room. Upon arrival, the ER nurses and technicians attach bedside cardiac monitoring with remote alarms and initiate the acute myocardial infarction (MI) standing order set in the electronic medical record (EMR), including blood work and chest x-ray ECG, and medications. The ER nurse notifies the cardiologist on call, who views the patient’s medical record and diagnostic test results on the EMR from his office computer as soon as they are available. Forty-five minutes later, the patient is on his way to the state-of-the-art cardiac catheterization laboratory for emergency coronary angioplasty, well below the target door-to-balloon time of 90 minutes part due to the technology that was used in his healthcare. The MI was arrested, and the patient was discharged the next day with an electronic device that will monitor his cardiac status and transmits it periodically to the cardiologist.
During this scenario, how many different types of information technology were used? Information technology is a general term used to refer to the management and processing of information with computers’ assistance. It is associated with the terms data, information, knowledge, and wisdom. Vital signs and ECG data were obtained by electronic equipment and transmitted wirelessly to other healthcare professionals. The nurses and doctors interpreted the data and used the information to determine whether the patient was experiencing a myocardial infarction. After the knowledge was used to confirm the diagnoses, then clinical practice guidelines were followed to incorporate the wisdom of the best way to treat the patient.
However, some risks occur along with the convenience of information technology. For example, computerized health records make it easier to access patient data, but security and confidentiality must be maintained. Ethical concerns about resource allocation could arise when patients need high tech healthcare but do not have health insurance. There is also a risk of misinformation if the data is entered into the wrong person’s health record. Another drawback is that the users must have computer literacy skills to access and process the information.
During this module, you will learn about new types of clinical and administrative information systems used in healthcare. You will also look at how you can reduce concerns about ethical issues, data integrity, and confidentiality.
What’s New in Healthcare Informatics and Technology?
For this assignment, students will post an original article related to “What’s New in Healthcare Informatics?” You will be creating a discussion board and responses in Canvas. Anyone can start the discussion, and all will respond to the discussion with their own ideas about their original article.
From the Readings and Resources section on the next page, please review the resources, select an article from the website or the learning commons electronic database to describes something new in health information technology or healthcare information systems. Students are expected to describe a different article, so be sure to read what is already posted before selecting an article. A sample entry is posted below. Please post the website link for the article on the discussion board. Summarize the main points of the article and include the reference. Compare it to what you are currently using in your workplace (or have seen used) and how it could make (or has made) a difference in your nursing care.
Please answer the following questions:
- How does the article relate to issues of ethical concerns, confidentiality, data integrity, or caring?
- What can nurses do to minimize the concern or issue?