What is the genus of the blue crab? Callinectes sapidus Callinectes sapidus

What is the genus of the blue crab? Callinectes sapidus Callinectes sapidus

What is the genus of the blue crab? Callinectes sapidus Callinectes sapidus 150 150 Nyagu

QUESTION 1 When two giraffes mate they produce a fertile offspring, so they are considered the same species. This is an example of which definition of a species? Morphological Species Concept Biological Species Concept Phylogenetic Species Concept QUESTION 2 Improperly washed lettuce can cause you to become ill. This is an example of which type of disease transmission? Food contamination Indirect contact Insects Direct contact QUESTION 3 Humans choose which dogs to mate and through this process have created a wide variety of dog breeds. This is an example of Natural Selection Artificial Selection QUESTION 4 Which of the following does not cause microevolution? Natural Selection Gene Flow Between Populations Random Mating Mutations QUESTION 5 Which type of evolution involves a change in the gene frequencies of the population? Macroevolution Microevolution QUESTION 6 Which type of evolution involves only one species? Microevolution O Macroevolution QUESTION 7 Which type of evolution can happen in generations? Macroevolution Microevolution QUESTION 8 The gene pool is all of the genes present in a population. True False QUESTION 9 According to the picture below, which fossil is the oldest? leaf mammoth tusk 3 My dinosaur footprint leaf 2 Dw shark tooth fish bone trilobite clam Trilobite Mammoth tusk Dinosaur footprint Shark tooth QUESTION 10 Which type of speciation occurs when a geographical barrier separates individuals of the same species and over time they become two different species? Allopatric speciation Sympatric speciation QUESTION 11 How will speciation affect biodiversity? Biodiversity will decrease Biodiversity will increase QUESTION 12 Which element is the most commonly used to determine the age of a fossil? Oxygen Hydrogen Carbon QUESTION 13 Which of the following could form a fossil? Select all that apply. Teeth Bones Shells QUESTION 14 Which scientist studied evolution and discovered the mechanism was natural selection? Jean Baptiste Lamarck Hardy Weinberg Charles Darwin Carolus Linnaeus QUESTION 15 Mass extinctions take thousands of years to occur. True False QUESTION 16 Place the levels of classification in order starting with the largest level. v Genus v Family v Species v Order v Kingdom v Domain v Class Phylum QUESTION 17 A population of crickets varies in length from 20 mm to 40 mm. If a new predator is introduced that eats crickets less than 30 mm in length, then the crickets will mutate to make themselves larger the crickets that are 30 mm to 40 mm in length will be more likely to survive and reproduce the cricket population is likely to be eliminated the crickets that are 20 mm to 30 mm in length will be more likely to survive and reproduce QUESTION 18 Which type of diagram is oriented sideways and read left to right? Only cladograms Both phylogenetic trees and cladograms Only phylogenetic trees QUESTION 19 Which type of diagram shows time? Both phylogenetic trees and cladograms Only phylogenetic trees Only cladograms QUESTION 20 Which type of natural selection is shown in the diagram below? Original Evolved population population Original population Frequency of individuals Phenotypes (fur color) Disruptive Selection Directional Selection Stabilizing Selection QUESTION 21 Birds have specialized mating calls. This is an example of which type of reproductive isolation? Reduced Hybrid Viability Behavioral Isolation Habitat Isolation Mechanical Isolation Gamete Isolation Temporal Isolation Hybrid Infertility QUESTION 22 Two different species of salamanders can mate, however the offspring will be frail and not survive. This is an example of which type of reproductive isolation? Temporal Isolation Hybrid Infertility Behavioral Isolation Habitat Isolation Reduced Hybrid Viability Mechanical Isolation Gamete Isolation QUESTION 23 Two species of fruit trees release pollen at different times. This is an example of which type of reproductive isolation? Habitat Isolation Behavioral Isolation Hybrid Infertility Mechanical Isolation Gamete Isolation Temporal Isolation Reduced Hybrid Viability QUESTION 24 Hummingbird beaks can only fit in certain flowers. This limits the flowers that can be pollinated by the hummingbird. This is an example of which type of reproductive isolation? Mechanical Isolation Behavioral Isolation Temporal Isolation Gamete Isolation Habitat Isolation Hybrid Infertility Reduced Hybrid Viability QUESTION 25 A population of hummingbirds undergo natural selection. As a result, there is now a larger beak size within the population. Over time this causes a change in the size of the flowers the hummingbirds pollinate. This is an example of Coevolution Microevolution Macroevolution QUESTION 26 Antibiotics cannot be used to treat viruses. True False QUESTION 27 Individuals change their traits to become better suited to the environment. True False QUESTION 28 Use the table and diagram below to match the organisms and traits to the correct boxes in the phylogenetic tree. ORGANISMS HAWK SALMON JAGUAR SHARK LIZARD FEATHERS YES NO NO NO NO 4 LIMBS YES NO YES NO YES TRAITS WARM BLOODED YES NO YES NO NO BONY SKELETON YES YES YES NO YES BOX 1 BOX 2 BOX 3 BOX 6 1 BOX 4 BOX 7 BOX 8 BOX 5 BOX 9 V BOX 1 A. HAWK V BOX 2 B. SHARK V BOX 3 C. SALMON V BOX 4 D. JAGUAR V BOX 5 E. 4 LIMBS V BOX 6 F. WARM BLOODED V BOX 7 G. FEATHERS V BOX 8 H. LIZARD v BOX 9 1. BONY SKELETON QUESTION 29 Charles Darwin found that the animals on the Galapagos Islands could not be found anywhere else in the world. True False QUESTION 30 Analyze the cladogram below. Salmon Salamander Lizard Hamster Chimpanzee Opposable thumbs Fur, mammary glands Claws or nails Lungs Which of the following organisms have fur, mammary glands? Select all that apply. Salmon Salamander Hamster Lizard Chimpanzee QUESTION 31 Viruses are alive. True False QUESTION 32 Homologous structures are exactly the same. True False QUESTION 33 Current adaptations may no longer be beneficial if the environment changes. True False QUESTION 34 The fossil record is complete because a fossil of every organism that lived in the past has been found. True False QUESTION 35 Match the following types of organisms in Domain Bacteria to the correct descriptions. v Pathogenic Bacteria A. Prokaryotes that are helpful to humans v Commensal Bacteria B. Prokaryotes that make organisms ill v Cyanobacteria C. Prokaryotes that can do photosynthesis QUESTION 36 Fish lay many eggs. This results in more fish than the environment can support and not all of the fish survive. This is an example of which requirement for natural selection? Genetic Variation Unequal Reproductive Success Overpopulation QUESTION 36 Fish lay many eggs. This results in more fish than the environment can support and not all of the fish survive. This is an example of which requirement for natural selection? Genetic Variation Unequal Reproductive Success Overpopulation QUESTION 37 View the picture below. First generation p (A allele frequency) = 0.5 q (a allele frequency) = 0.5 Second generation p (A allele frequency) = 0.7 9 (a allele frequency) = 0.3 AA aa АА АА АА аа AA Аа AA aa AA Аа AA aa AA aa Targeted by predators АА aa AA aa Did this population of mice undergo microevolution? No Yes QUESTION 38 The diagram below shows that whales have a pelvis. This pelvis has no function. This is an example of which type of evidence for evolution? DNA Homologous Structures Vestigial Structures QUESTION 39 Which of the following is an issue with the morphological species concept? Some hybrids are fertile Not all organisms sexually reproduce Some organisms look different at different stages of their lives QUESTION 40 Which of the following is an example of genetic variation in a population? Some people have scars and others do not One person is older than another person Some people are vegetarians, while others eat meat People have different eye colors QUESTION 41 Match the following types of organisms in Domain Archaea to the correct descriptions. v Extreme Halophiles A. Prokaryotes that live in areas with no oxygen v Extreme Thermophiles B. Prokaryotes that live in areas with a high level of salt v Methanogens C. Prokaryotes that live in high temperatures QUESTION 42 Below is a table containing the common names and scientific names of 5 organisms. Which organism in the table is the most closely related to the leopard? COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME Leopard Cougar Panthera pardus Puma concolor Lynx rufus Bobcat Lion Panthera leo Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus Bobcat Cougar Lion Cheetah QUESTION 43 Which method for determining the age of fossils provides the actual age of the fossil? Radiometric Dating Relative Age QUESTION 44 A. Kelp Extra Credit: [1 point] Match the following organisms to the correct classification. v Kingdom Plantae v Kindgom Fungi Kindgom Animalia v Kingdom Protista B. Moss C. Coral D. Yeast QUESTION 45 Which type of genetic drift occurs when a few individuals leave the original population and move to a new habitat? Bottleneck Events Founder Effect QUESTION 46 View the picture below. 1 1 2 3 Why are there fewer white mice than gray mice in picture 3? The gray and white mice have the same fitness The gray mice have a lower fitness The white mice have a lower fitness QUESTION 47 1 points Save Answer Match the following Kingdoms to the correct descriptions. v Kingdom Plantae v Kingdom Animalia v Kingdom Fungi v Kingdom Protista A. Multicellular or single-celled organisms that can be either autotrophs or heterotrophs B. Multicellular organisms that are heterotrophs that absorb nutrients C. Multicellular organisms that are autotrophs D. Multicellular organisms that are heterotrophs that consume food QUESTION 48 1 points Save Answer Which process results in different land formations on the Earth? Natural Selection Genetic Drift Mass Extinctions Plate Tectonics QUESTION 49 The scientific name of the blue crab is Callinectes sapidus. What is the genus of the blue crab? Callinectes sapidus Callinectes sapidus QUESTION 17 A population of crickets varies in length from 20 mm to 40 mm. If a new predator is introduced that eats crickets less than 30 mm in length, then the crickets will mutate to make themselves larger the crickets that are 30 mm to 40 mm in length will be more likely to survive and reproduce the cricket population is likely to be eliminated O the crickets that are 20 mm to 30 mm in length will be more likely to survive and reproduce QUESTION 18 Which type of diagram is oriented sideways and read left to right? Only cladograms Both phylogenetic trees and cladograms Only phylogenetic trees QUESTION 19 Which type of diagram shows time? Both phylogenetic trees and cladograms Only phylogenetic trees Only cladograms QUESTION 43 Which method for determining the age of fossils provides the actual age of the fossil? O Radiometric Dating Relative Age QUESTION 17 A population of crickets varies in length from 20 mm to 40 mm. a new predator is introduced that eats crickets less than 30 mm in length, then the crickets will mutate to make themselves larger the crickets that are 30 mm to 40 mm in length will be more likely to survive and reproduce the cricket population is likely to be eliminated the crickets that are 20 mm to 30 mm in length will be more likely to survive and reproduce QUESTION 18 Which type of diagram is oriented sideways and read left to right? Only cladograms Both phylogenetic trees and cladograms Only phylogenetic trees QUESTION 19 Which type of diagram shows time? Both phylogenetic trees and cladograms Only phylogenetic trees Only cladograms
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