Week 7 Discussion: An Effective Interdisciplinary Team
Imagine that you are working as an RN on a medical ICU floor. You are tasked to assemble a multidisciplinary team to review the visitation policy in the ICU.
• Who should be a part of the team and why?
• Who do you think should lead this team and why?
• How might the team go about studying the problem and seeking a resolution?
• What challenges might the multidisciplinary team encounter?
An Effective Interdisciplinary Team
Part of the team
Different individuals will be involved in reviewing the ICU visitation policy. These include the intensivist physician, clinical psychologists, bedside nurses, patients, and family members. Each of them will play a critical role in reviewing the policy and ensuring that it meets the unique needs of each party. The intensivist physician will be involved due to their specialized training and competence in critical care medicine and will guide the team in decision-making and organization. A clinical psychologist will provide advisory services on the needs and desires of each patient. Bedside nurses are actively involved in the daily ICU activities and thus have a significant understanding of the patients (Ervin et al., 2018). Therefore, involving them will ensure that the multidisciplinary team is well-informed on the different caring needs for the patients, including the visitation time. Patients and family members will also form a critical part of the caring team. Involving them will ensure that the review is considerate their preferences.
Leader of the Team
The intensivist physician should lead the team. This is due to unique leadership skills and knowledge, which will help in improving team performance. Intensivist physicians will actively coordinate the team, ensuring that all considerations are made before the review is finalized. Due to their educational background, this professional can work effectively with diverse groups to achieve optimum results (Ervin et al., 2018).
Studying the Problem and Seeking a Solution
The team can study the problem by developing questionnaires that will be issued to patients who have ever been admitted to ICU, family members, and also healthcare professionals working in the ICU department. Observing the current trends in ICU visitation can also give an overview of this problem. Prevalent performance gaps will then be identified. The team can seek a resolution by performing a clinical test on proposed ICU visitation, which will give evidence on the new practices that can be adopted. Analyzing the respondents’ feedback on the questionnaire will also form the basis for developing solutions to the problem.
Challenges that might be Encountered
The multidisciplinary team may find it challenging to identify the survey population who will respond to the questionnaires. Some respondents may provide unreliable answers, which will pose a significant challenge in determining which responses are reliable. The process may be time-consuming due to complex decisions which have to be made. Finally, there might be the issue of financial constraints since the process will need substantial funding to facilitate data collection, testing, and analysis.
Ervin, J. N., Kahn, J. M., Cohen, T. R., & Weingart, L. R. (2018). Teamwork in the intensive care unit. American Psychologist, 73(4), 468. https://doi.org/10.1037/amp0000247