Week 6 Psychopharmacology

Week 6 Psychopharmacology

Week 6 Psychopharmacology 150 150 Peter

Week 6 Psychopharmacology

Describe the various dissociative disorders, their prevalence, etiology, symptoms, and treatments. Please include neurobiological rationales and explanations in your discussions

Must use 3 sources including your book

Stahl, S. M. (2013). Stahl’s essential psychopharmacology: Neuroscientific basis and practical applications (4th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Sample Paper

Week 6 Psychopharmacology

Dissociative disorders are mental disorders that cause one to feel disjointed in their memories, ideas, identities, activities, and environment. Symptoms depend on the type of dissociative disorders one has, ranging from amnesia to alternative identities. Situations of stress worsen the symptom temporarily. Dissociative amnesia is a dissociative disorder marked by more severe memory loss than typical forgetfulness (Lynn et al., 2019). One is unable to recollect details about themselves, events, or others in their lives. In the general population, one percent of men and two percent of women suffer from dissociative amnesia. However, the etiology of this disorder can be from traumatic events such as accidents, abuse, or war. An episode of amnesia can be sudden and disappears in minutes, hours, or months. Treatment can involve psychotherapy which changes harmful thinking patterns, behaviors, and feelings. Additionally, dissociative fugue is where a person cannot where they are and do not have the memory of the past. They might invent new identity as they don’t know they are experiencing memory loss. Frightening family environments and sleep problems might cause someone to disconnect and have dissociative fugue. Stress management and hypnosis can help in treating this disorder.

Dissociative identity disorder is characterized by “switching” to alternative disorders. One can feel the presence of two persons talking in their head, and one feels possessed by other identities. Community-based studies reveal that this disorder affects approximately one percent of the general population. Its etiology can be traced to sexual or physical abuse during childhood. Individuals experiencing this condition also have dissociative amnesia and dissociative fugue. Treatment can involve psychotherapy with a mental health professional. Depersonalization-derealization disorder is another dissociative disorder that affects an ongoing sense of detachment; being outside yourself –your feelings, thoughts, and actions (Hunter, Sierra & david, 2014). Severe trauma, such as experiencing traumatic events, leads to depersonalization or derealization (Kate & Jamieson, 2019). A person might experience depersonalization or derealization, and the symptoms might last a few moments or even many years. Treatment can involve psychotherapy to gain control of the symptoms.



Hunter, E. C., Sierra, M., & David, A. S. (2014). The epidemiology of depersonalization and derealisation. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology39(1), 9-18. Retrieved from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15022041/#:~:text=Results%3A%20Epidemiological%20surveys%20demonstrate%20that,time%20of%20a%20traumatic%20event.

Kate, M. A., Hopwood, T., & Jamieson, G. (2020). The prevalence of dissociative disorders and dissociative experiences in college populations: A meta-analysis of 98 studies. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation21(1), 16-61. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15299732.2019.1647915?casa_token=YsV1kpPsut4AAAAA%3AvzgTJ4Imrf4RHPve_tMiYbdZciVdkwkVDeRwDPl3t7rDPRYIPzBwiKJaeoB_qAVlsXP2rgmR4bFjhuuAzg

Lynn, S. J., Lilienfeld, S. O., Merckelbach, H., Maxwell, R., Aksen, D., Baltman, J., & Giesbrecht, T. (2019). Dissociative disorders (pp. 355-376). Routledge. Retrieved from https://www.taylorfrancis.com/chapters/edit/10.4324/9780429028267-16/dissociative-disorders-steven-jay-lynn-scott-lilienfeld-harald-merckelbach-reed-maxwell-damla-aksen-jessica-baltman-timo-giesbrecht