The Lowest Level of Abstraction
The lowest level of abstraction is the empirical level. Smith and Liehr (2018) state that it is at this level that theory is brought into research and practice.
For this discussion board, using the concept from the previous discussion board, each student should identify an article in which your chosen concept is brought to the empirical level. Briefly describe the article. Identify and describe in detail how the concept is represented at the empirical level (ex. a questionnaire).
Theory and its Concept
Among the theories related to my nursing situation is Structural family therapy (SFT) by Minuchin Salvador. SFT is a form of psychotherapy that addresses challenges in family functioning (Maglia 2020). For instance, it can apply to mental illness patients who are part of the family. One of the concepts of Structural Family Therapy is boundaries which, according to Minuchin, they are rules explaining who takes part and how much.
Using Rogers Approach to Concept Analysis
The key aim of analyzing concepts is to elucidate vague concepts in theory and develop a clear operational description that replicates its theoretical base (Foley & Davis 2017). In the SFT boundaries concept, the individuals more involved are between all members of the family and between family subsystems such as the spousal subsystem, parental subsystem, sibling subsystem, and the parent-child subsystem.
The first attribute of boundaries concept is clear boundaries that outline parents’ authority and allow children with mental issues to develop as suitable to their age. For instance, a clear boundary for the 8-year-old in my life, Brian who’s mentally ill, is that he wakes up at exactly 6:00 a.m. Secondly, rigid boundaries exist in families where members are remote and barely communicate (Steffens & Weber 2019). For example, Brian would continue waking up at exactly 6:00 a.m. till he turns 18 years old. This leaves him with no room for individual growth. The final attribute of the boundaries concept is diffuse boundaries found in overly engaged families (Foley & Davis 2017). For instance, Brian would be allowed to wake up at any time.
In clear boundaries, a child is offered a structure that enables them to feel safe in the world and acquires what they require. For example, Reeve, a 9-year-old, must go to bed at precisely 8:00 p.m. each night. In case of any exception, a reason is given which enables him to return to routine as soon as possible. A related case to rigid boundaries is whereby there is minimal respect for the person’s independence (Steffens & Weber 2019). For example, Reeve would still go to bed at precisely 8:00 p.m. until he is 20 years old. Finally, a related case to diffuse boundaries is Reeve going to be wherever his parents go to bed and maybe go in the same bed with them.
Clear boundaries let family members feel attached to the family system while still retaining autonomy and individuality. Dialogue in the family is encouraged, which contributes to developing a good relationship in the family. Rigid boundaries lead to the dependency of children on their parents in fear of failure. Adults brought up in rigid boundary families may go through stunted creativity. Finally, family members have minimal independence in a diffuse boundary family system (Steffens & Weber 2019). In this kind of family, controlling personal emotions is difficult since every individual’s emotional state is determined by how other family members feel.
As empirical referents are categories of actual phenomena that demonstrate the occurrence of the concept itself via their existence or presence, severe mental illness here would be an empirical referent. This is because severe mental illness in relation to Structural family theory contributed to the boundaries concept in this case.
Foley, A.S. & Davis, A.H (2017). A guide to concept analysis. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 31(2), 70-73. Doi: 10.1097/NUR.0000000000000277
Maglia, M. (2020). Hikikomori: a systemic-relational analysis. Health psychology research, 8(2).https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7588848/ (Links to an external site.)
Steffens, S., & Weber, C. (2019). Immunotherapy for atherosclerosis—novel concepts. Thrombosis and haemostasis, 119(04), 515-516.