Unit III Assignment

Unit III Assignment

Unit III Assignment 150 150 Peter

Unit III Assignment

You were recently hired as an occupational safety and health consultant for Gemstone Fabricators, a medium-sized manufacturing facility that makes stainless steel counters, containers, and carts for the food prep and restaurant industries. Several years ago, Gemstone decided it wanted to become an Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) site. It also wants to send the application to OSHA in the upcoming year. Gemstone Fabricators expressed an interest to align with the ANSI/ASSP Z10.0-2019 and ANSI/ASSP/ISO 45001-2018 standard.

In going through the application submission materials, you noticed something that threw up a red flag, however. Although there was an accountability requirement specified in front-line workers’ performance evaluation documentation for safety performance, there was no such requirement in the performance evaluation documentation for supervisors, managers, or executives. Your discussions with employees also suggest that, although the employer wants the front-line workers to be heavily involved in the safety effort, they are not always sure exactly what they are supposed to be doing to help move the company’s safety programs forward.

Another issue that concerns you is that the effort to implement a safety and health management systems approach appears to be somewhat piecemeal. You are finding it difficult to identify a clear Plan-Do-Check-Act approach to continuous improvement.

Please compose a two-page document for your client to include your evaluation of these deficiencies along with an explanation of the significance of these problems in relation to the safety and health management systems approach. Your goal is to help the employer understand why these issues need to be attended to prior to submitting your application. In your response, be sure to do the following things: include an introduction that establishes the issues and provides necessary background information, assess the importance of establishing safety accountability measures for managers, employees, and safety professionals, appraise the assignment of safety-related job tasks, and apply the Plan-Do-Check-Act framework to resolve a safety deficiency.

Your Scholarly Activity must be a minimum of two pages in length, and it should be in APA format. You must use a minimum of one scholarly resource. Any information from this source should be cited and referenced in accordance with APA guidelines.

Sample Paper

Unit III Assignment
Gemstone Fabricators is a medium sized manufacturing facility that makes stainless steel counters, containers, and carts for the food prep and restaurant industries. A couple of years ago Gemstone made the business decision to that they would like to submit themselves to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to join the Voluntary Protection Program (VPP). Recently, there has also been interest to align with American National Standard Institute’s (ANSI) Z10 standard for Environmental, Health, and Safety Management program. Gemstone has hired an Occupational Safety and Health consulting company to evaluate and assist them with the application process to OSHA for VPP. During the evaluation process a number of concerning issues and deficits are present and need to be address prior to submission to OSHA’s VPP.

In reviewing the submission materials it was noted that there are accountability requirements specified in front-line workers’ performance evaluation documentation for safety performance but, subsequently, there was no such requirement in the performance evaluation documentation for supervisors, managers, or executives. Discussions with employees also suggest that, although the Gemstone wants the front-line workers to be heavily involved in the safety effort, they are not always sure exactly what they are supposed to be doing to help move the company’s safety programs forward. The deficit present here is a break in the accountability system, as front line employee are being held to a safety standard that supervision and management are not. ANSI Z10 standard speaks on management leadership and organizational culture being the most important section of an Occupational Health and Safety program. (Manuele, 2014) “Section 3.1.3 of Z10 requires that management define roles, assign responsibilities and authority, provide the necessary resources (financial and human), and establish accountability.” (Manuele, 2014) It is obvious that the safety culture at Gemstone does not account for management roles in safety and it is reflecting in discussions with employees on the floor. An accountability system should be a continuous wheel with management feeding the momentum. This deficit should be addressed prior to your submission to OSHA.

ANZI Z10 encourages integration with other management systems to facilitate organizational effectiveness. A recurring framework in ANSI/AIHA Z10 is Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) and could be a good start to fix these deficits. PDCA is a four step cycle that represents a continuous cycle for continuous improvement, much like the wheel metaphor mentioned earlier. The PDCA process was generated originally for quality assurance but has been adopted by many businesses as a model for continuous improvement in all aspects of their business. “The American National Standard for Quality Management Systems a brief but adequate definition of the PDCA processes, as follows:

  • Plan: Establish the objectives and processes necessary to deliver results in accordance with customer requirements and the organization’s policies.
  • Do: Implement the processes.
  • Check: Monitor and measure processes and product against policies, objectives, and requirements for the product and report the results.
  • Act: Take actions to continually improve process performance.” (Manuele, 2014)

A simple example of how this could be implemented in to an OSH program is:

  • Plan: Establish a Risk Assessment program that can be universally used across the business, to include physical hazards, chemical hazards, industrial hygiene, ergonomics, and environmental hazards.
  • Do: Implement the program to begin with training of management and then employees.
  • Check: Monitor the progress of the program. Collect data, such as processes assessed vs. not assessed, risk recognized and the controls mitigating those risk, number of high risk before controls vs. number after, etc.. Measure the effectiveness of controls in place by comparing to injuries before and after controls were implemented.
  • Act: Take actions to correct in deficiencies in the program or the assessments. Reassess processes after an injury occurs.

Implementation of the PDCA process into an OSH program, as exampled above, could greatly benefit Gemstone’s program as a whole and fix any deficits, such as the one with the accountability. This will not only be better practice in assisting with Gemstone’s VPP goals but also help the business align with the ANSI Z10 standard.