Unit 9 Behavior
The Social Ecological Model (SEM) is not a theory; however, it is a perspective that allows public health professionals to recognize the dynamic interplay between many levels of influence that affect health behavior: intrapersonal, interpersonal, institutional, community, and societal.
For this week’s Discussion, consider the program goals, objectives, and interventions you proposed in your Unit 8 Assignment. Explain which levels of influence were addressed by your interventions; then, identify which levels of influence were not addresses and discuss how you could address the remaining levels of influence for greater intervention effectiveness.
Unit 9 Behavior
As highlighted in unit 8 assignment, the name of the program is organ donation. Organ donation is a procedure of surgically eliminating tissue or an organ from one individual who is an organ donor and placing it in another individual who is the recipient (Jawoniyi et al., 2018). The process involves donating donor’s organs such as the heart, kidneys, liver, intestines, pancreas and lungs after a donor dies.
Program Goals, Objectives and Interventions
The program has several goals, including first refining metrics and monitoring the methods for improved partnership and performance improvement-based activities when evaluating transplant programs and secondly pursuing policies and system tools that help system effectiveness increase organ use. The third goal is reviewing policies to define if future changes will be essential to encourage or enable mechanical conservation during organ transportation. The fourth goal involves increasing the living donation and finally conducting donor management studies to improve the practices.
The program’s primary objective is to endorse awareness of life-saving solid organ transplants, while the secondary objective is promoting awareness of the tissue and life-enhancing transplants (Bednarczyk et al., 2021). Interventions would include first supporting the media in promoting the cause and secondly increasing the number of trained transplant controllers in the program.
Levels of Influence Addressed
One level of influence that was addressed by my interventions was program awareness to the individuals elaborate such as patients requiring donation and their families. This was facilitated by media support in promoting the program. Another level of influence was patient and family education through the increased trained transplant program coordinators.
Levels Of Influence Not Addressed and How I Could Address Remaining Levels Of
One level of influence that wasn’t addressed was that of religious beliefs. It was found that numerous families in the area believe an organ transplant is a death tool perceived with negative shade, which causes fear of trying it (Sque et al., 2018). Families are guided by the order and advice of religious heads. They have many biases and superstitions and are not progressive and conscious of others health via organ donation. For greater intervention effectiveness, I would address the remaining levels of influence by first making the religious heads understand the need for organ transplants, encouraging the health team to get to families again and again and making the community members comprehend the need for organ transplants. Besides, I would encourage health workers to be friendly with members of community. Such steps will trigger positive results as there will be a gradual change in community members’ mentality.
- Bednarczyk, C., Tansey, C. M., Fontaine, S., Baker, S., Laberge, É., Mathur, S., … & Janaudis-Ferreira, T. (2021). Community-based Exercise Program for Solid Organ Transplant Recipients: Views of Exercise Professionals and Patients. McGill Journal of Medicine, 19(1). DOI: 10.26443/mjm.v19i1.218
- Jawoniyi, O., Gormley, K., McGleenan, E., & Noble, H. R. (2018). Organ donation and transplantation: awareness and roles of healthcare professionals—a systematic literature review. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 27(5-6), e726-e738. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14154
- Square, M., Walker, W., Long-Sutehall, T., Morgan, M., Randhawa, G., & Rodney, A. (2018). Bereaved donor families’ experiences of organ and tissue donation and perceived influences on their decision making. Journal of critical care, 45, 82-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2018.01.002