Health Education Careplan
Case Scenario_ Mr. L
Purpose and Background:
The World Health Organization defines public health “as the organized measures to prevent disease, promote health and prolong life of the population as a whole.” Public health (PH) nurses provide essential services such as monitoring the health of individuals. They also diagnose, inform, educate, and develop policies for us as a community to lead healthier lives. Other interventions are featured in the PH Intervention Wheel:
There are interrelationships between individuals, families, and communities and their health systems. Therefore, PH nurses consider the multiple factors that will determine the health of their clients. PH nurses also look at stages of health, levels of prevention and are able to intervene at those primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. PH nurses are collaborators; they build on relationships with social organizations. All aspects of the client’s life are evaluated as the nurse works through the nursing process.
PH nurses sometimes function as home healthcare nurses or case managers. In addition to performing thorough assessments, these nurses readily engage in health education/teaching.
Following an assessment of a client/patient who has several chronic illnesses described below in a case scenario, the student will:
1. determine community resources that are relevant to assisting the client;
2. write a teaching plan pertaining to two of the patient’s primary diagnoses;
3. appreciate the importance of health education as a significant public health intervention.
This activity aligns with several of the course outcomes as stated below:
a. To be able to examine health care delivery systems and resources.
b. To understand health promotion priorities for all individuals, families, communities.
c. To be able to examine the environmental, biologic, psychosocial risk factors for a particular disease and disability.