The Cost of Expansion
Pick two (2) of the following settlements:
-New England colonies
Then, address the following for your selections:
Compare and contrast the settlement patterns.
What forces and ideas shaped their origin?
Examine the influence of religion for those settlements (e.g., Puritanism, Quakers, and the Anglican Church).
The Cost of Expansion
New England and southern colonies
New England settlers were motivated by spiritual matters more than economic matters. They were the pilgrims and puritans who emigrated due to their disagreement with the practices of the church of England. Their migration to New England allowed them to practice their spiritual beliefs without interference. Pilgrims and puritans believed in the teachings of Calvin that denounced the catholic and Anglican churches (Lockridge, 2019). They faced persecution and condemnation from the church of England and the throne, especially King Charles, who openly supported the church of England. As a result, the puritans and pilgrims decided to move from England and settle in a new place where they could practice their religious beliefs freely.
The southern colonies begin with Virginia being the first southern colony. Then southerners were Catholics, and their settlement was motivated by economy. They grew tobacco which was the main cash crop for the southern colony. After Virginia, they moved to Maryland, where tobacco still became the main cash crop (OpenStax, 2019). Enslaved people soon became the backbone of the southern economy, heavily dependent on agriculture. The southern colony migrants were motivated to improve their economic status by taking advantage of the opportunities in the new colony. Land was scarce in England and the new colony presented a new opportunity for the new settlers to prosper economically, a chance they could not get in England due to the restrictive policies on land (Mercantini, 2021). The southerners were Catholics, while New England settlers were pilgrims and puritans seeking a new place to practice their religion as they wished away from the condemnation and backlash they received from the church of England at home. The settlers of New England and southern economies were motivated by different factors.
Lockridge, K. (2019). Land, Population and the Evolution of New England Society, 1630–1790. In European and non-European Societies, 1450–1800 (pp. 99-117). Routledge.
Mercantini, J. (2021). Origins of a Southern Mosaic: Studies of Early Carolina and Georgia (No. 17). University of Georgia Press.
OpenStax (2019). US History. OpenStaxCNX.