(Answered) The Constructs of the TRA and TPB

(Answered) The Constructs of the TRA and TPB

(Answered) The Constructs of the TRA and TPB 150 150 Prisc

The Constructs of the TRA and TPB

In order to prepare you for the upcoming “Creating Goals and Objectives” Assignment in Unit 4, you will need to have an understanding of health behavior theories as they relate to “intention.”

Reflect upon the constructs of the TRA and TPB; these include attitudes, subjective norms, volitional / behavioral control. How might you use these constructs in developing goals and objectives? Why would it be important to take these constructs into account?

Sample Answer

TRA and TPB in Creating Goals and Objectives

Constructs of TRA

The constructs of reasoned actions (TRA) are helpful during goals and objectives development. The theory of TRA takes into action the three fundamental measure that helps during goals and objectives settings. The three measures are behavioral control, communication characters, and control principles. Goals and objectives setting is determined by how efficient the communication may take place either between a person and another or a group and helps apply the principles of communication for effectiveness and functionality of the aims set (Epton et al., 2017). The constructs of TRA are essential and are outlined by the characteristics of attitudes, and communication skills, which are defined as being behavioral characters, and therefore, to pursue goals and objectives construction, it must be taken into account. TRA provides a conducive environment for forming the required characters like a decision, which determines goals settings.

Construct of TPB

The theory of planned behavior (TPB) is useful in the following ways during objective settings. It determines volition control that is fundamental in the process of judgment. Volition allows someone to decide on which goals to have, and therefore obligates the person to the set objective. Volition also leads to the creation of purpose, where beliefs and attitudes are subjected (Gómez‐Olmedo et al., 2021). Under the three components, behavioral control is significant in enacting a behavior and also through experience. Perceived power is also essential in the measure of future outcomes of a goal or the relationship between the goal and an individual. According to Ulker-Demirel and Ciftci (2020), perceived power outlines the conditions and ways that can be used to overcome barriers to the objective setting path. Lastly, the beliefs and norms help facilitate an individual to perform according to their plans or goals in this case.

In conclusion, the development of goals and objectives are therefore dependable on the constructs of TRA and TPB. The essential elements of the two theories are responsible for constructing a good purpose based on beliefs, attitudes, communication, and volition factors. Due to the importance outlined above, an individual needs to apply the concept of TRA and TPB during goals and objective settings.


  • Epton, T., Currie, S., & Armitage, C. J. (2017). Unique effects of setting goals on behavior change: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 85(12), 1182. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000260
  • Gómez‐Olmedo, A. M., Carrero Bosch, I., & Martínez, C. V. (2021). Volition to behave sustainably: An examination of the role of self‐control. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 20(3), 776-790. https://doi.org/10.1002/cb.1905
  • Ulker-Demirel, E., & Ciftci, G. (2020). A systematic literature review of the theory of planned behavior in tourism, leisure, and hospitality management research. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 43, 209-219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhtm.2020.04.003