The Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement 150 150 Peter

The Civil Rights Movement

Instructions
Pick one (1) of the following topics. Then, address the corresponding questions/prompts for your selected topic. Use at least one (1) documented example of the corresponding primary source in your writing.

Option 1: McCarthyism and Anti-Communist Campaigns
The Cold War brought about an irrational fear of communism and communist activities in the United States. As we are learning this week, one of the most vocal instigators of this paranoia was Senator Joseph McCarthy. McCarthy delivered a speech about the imminent threat of communism on February 9, 1950. Perform a search on the internet and locate and read Joseph McCarthy’s speech given in Wheeling, West Virginia on February 9, 1950. Copy and paste the following keywords into your Google search bar: ‘Joseph McCarthy, Wheeling, West Virginia.’ The speech is also referred to as ‘Enemies from Within.’

Construct the case study by responding to the following prompts:

Explain how Senator Joseph McCarthy defined communist nations within the speech. What specific threats did these nations pose?
Assess if Senator Joseph McCarthy charges were accurate.
Analyze anti-communist sentiments during the Cold War era, were these sentiments valid. If so, how? If not, why not?
Explain if there are other examples of events similar to the Red Scare that have occurred throughout history and modern day.
Examine what happened to people who invoked the Fifth Amendment, refused to appear or were found in violation of the law as defined by the Congressional Committee.
Option 2: The Civil Rights Movement
Using the Internet, locate and read Martin Luther King Jr’s ‘I Have a Dream’ speech given in Washington D.C., August 1963. Copy and paste the following keywords into your Google search bar: ‘I Have a Dream by Martin Luther King, Jr.’ Feel free also to locate and incorporate additional scholarly sources to respond to this case study, including information on the Civil Rights Movement.

Construct the case study by responding to the following prompts:

Explain if the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s effectively changed the nation.
What effect would the Civil Rights Acts have across the continent on minority groups?
Do you think that the tactics and strategies that civil rights activists used in the 1960s would apply to today’s racial and ethnic conflicts? Why or why not?
Do the ideas of the 1960s still have relevance today? If so how? If not, why not?
Analyze how the Civil Rights Movement would impact diversity in America today.
Option 3: American Domestic and Foreign Policies (1953-1991)
Complete a search either in the Chamberlain Library or internet for domestic and foreign polices of four (4) of the following Presidents. Please incorporate at least one primary source of either a policy or act that you have chosen to write about.

Eisenhower
Kennedy
Johnson
Nixon
Ford
Carter
Reagan
Then, compare domestic and foreign polices of your four (4) presidents by answering the following prompts:

Explain how your selected presidents worked to improve the United States economically and socially. Give at least one example of each president.
Assess if the policies of your choice of presidents strengthen or weaken the United States.
Explain how you see your choice of presidents served the public interest and further the cause of democracy.
Determine if it is constitutional for the United States to fight preemptive wars.
Determine if human rights and morality should be the cornerstones of United State foreign policy.
Writing Requirements (APA format)

Length: 4-5 pages (not including title page and references page)
1-inch margins
Double spaced
12-point Times New Roman font
Title page
References page
In-text citations that correspond with your end reference

Sample Paper

The Civil Rights Movement

                                                                                Option 2

If the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s Efficiently Changed the Nation

The 1964 Civil Rights Act is among the most important indicators of the civil rights movement that provided greater social and economic stability for Black Americans across the nation (Kelly & Marsack-Topolewski, 2021). This was through prohibiting inequitable practices increasing access to services for women, African-Americans, minority ethnic and moderate groups. The economic issues were key subjects of the civil rights movement in the mid-1960s. The violent outbursts revealed the racial disparities and inequality in education, accommodation and employment. For Blacks, the civil rights movement was dangerous.

The civil rights activists of all backgrounds ran collaboratively to pass the law that eradicated discrimination, unequal jobs, intimidation of the voters and practices of accommodation (OpenStax, 2019). The Black Americans applied positive Act of protests and effective political utilization like voter registration and the Mississippi Liberation Democratic Party to attack back. In this journey toward Civil Rights Act, Martin Luther King, in his speeches, said, “I have a dream that one-day young black girls and boys will have the ability to hold hands with young white girls and boys in a brotherly and sisterly way (Nygren & Johnsrud, 2018).” The King’s actions contributed to passing the Civil Rights Act, a law that ended lawful separation of individuals by race in public places. This Act similarly barred discrimination of jobs based on color, religion, race or national origin. King Martin Luther Junior and other advocates watched the president sign this law. Although this Act was significant, it didn’t address all forms of racial based discrimination. For instance, the black Americans didn’t still have voting rights like the white Americans, particularly in the southern states.

Impacts of Civil Rights Act across Continent on Minority Groups

The Civil Rights Act caused a lawful Jim Crow to end. Jim Crow acts were local and state laws that forced racial segregation in Southern U.S (Louise Wood, 2018). Other areas in the U.S were also affected by informal and formal segregation policies. Still, numerous states outside the South had approved laws, starting in the late 19th century, that barred discrimination in public places and voting. It revealed that the Black Americans had fair chances towards transit-based systems, supermarkets, and other significant services. It likely helped women and black Americans eliminate barriers of work. This civil Rights Act that ended segregation and discrimination and banned discrimination of jobs based on color, religion, ethnicity, nationality or gender is renowned as among the civil rights movement’s super legal acts.

The Black Nationalism shaped all things, counting current culture towards literacy to leadership. Black Nationalism was a member of Black activism group in the U.S., particularly in the 1960s and 1970s that pursued to enable the Black individuals financially, encourage a sense of Black community and identity-forming distinct self-governing Black nation. The revolution’s resistance to social inequity, on the other hand, motivated other communities, such as Asian and Native Americans and Chicanos LGBTQ people to find related goals. The civil rights movement that took action during time between the 1950s and 60s interrupted the custom of the public facilities in the South being discriminated against by the “race” and attained considerable revolution in unbiased policies for the Black Americans as from the Reconstruction period by a massive agitation.

If Tactics and Strategies Applied By the Civil Rights Activists Relate In the Today’s

Ethnic and Racial Conflicts

The new civil rights movement sought to solve the present societal less evident although important social inequities. In U.S, affluence could reveal that all individuals have a higher probability of prosperity. Common strategies and tactics used by activists are supported by the civil strikes having non-violent protests. Strategies were the same as the present system of civil rights activism that involves boycotting, sit-ins, marches, voter-registration drives and freedom rides. Tactics and strategy were grounded on values established by Luther, and focused civil rights advocates achieved submissive and non-violent struggle (Wihl, 2018). Strategies like that are practiced still in current society for protests against the government’s underperformance.

After activist Brown, the civil rights movement’s policy of the corporate movements, lawsuits and state schooling extended to involve the boycotts, demonstrations, Freedom Drives, sit-ins and other strategies that depend on mass contribution. Since the completion of Jim Crow separation and discrimination towards enacting the constitutional adjustments forbidding the racial separation, the Civil Rights Movement acquired numerous notable accomplishments, counting the widespread increase of the African Cultural based individuality and its possible provision to the country’s history.

If the 1960s Ideas Still Have Importance Today

The period of the 1960s was remarked by transition, violence and optimism, counting massive adjustments in American society. Individuals from different races of life tried broadening the reach of the American pledge. Their struggles helped in disassembling global accord exposing more split communities. According to OpenStax. (2019), the commitment of the U.S towards the Civil Rights Act and the racial combination powered efforts to learn the programs. The school incorporation did not dire than it remains currently. The early education, primary and high schools play a duty in attaining that administrators and teachers are different. The 1960s perhaps was a well-known era in American history. This decade brought opportunities for a more advanced, forward-thinking nation, concealed in vibrant imagery of peace and love, sustained by motivating image of civil rights of struggle and exceptionally held for its activism and art.

How Civil Rights Movement could affect the diversity in U.S Today

Civil Rights Act was among the essential indicators of civil rights struggle, occasioning to an improved socioeconomic movement for the blacks throughout the nation, excluding race discrimination, enhancing accessibility of resources for the women, Black Americans, and ethnic and religious minority groups (OpenStax, 2019). Civil rights programs that encouraged equality and income justice inspired the creation of movements for women’s concerns. The abolitionist movement promoted women’s suffrage, and others protected victimized women in the civil rights movement. This eases social-based diversity by identifying the privileges and rights of women in American society. Women were active in igniting Civil Rights Movement. For instance, most Americans identified as Rosa Parks, a black woman who notably declined to give up her seat to a white on an Alabama bus and aided in igniting Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s. Correspondingly, Coretta Scott King, widow of Martin Luther, and a tough force on her right (Polletta & Maresca, 2021). While Voting Rights and Civil Rights Act were essential achievements for the Black individuals of all sexes, they were particularly significant for females, a thing that counts in America even today.

                                                                    References

Kelly, A. M., & Marsack-Topolewski, C. N. (2021). Civil Rights Act of 1964. Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders, 963-966. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91280-6_102523

Louise Wood, A. (2018). The spectacle of lynching: Rituals of White supremacy in the Jim Crow South. American journal of economics and sociology77(3-4), 757-788. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajes.12249

Newman, M. (2021). Black Nationalism. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American Historyhttps://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199329175.013.843

Nygren, T., & Johnsrud, B. (2018). What would Martin Luther King Jr. say? Teaching the historical and practical past to promote human rights in education. Journal of Human Rights Practice10(2), 287-306. https://doi.org/10.1093/jhuman/huy013

OpenStax. (2019). U.S. history. OpenStax CNX. Retrieved from httgs://cnx.org/contents/g7ovulkl@6.18:gMXC1 GEM@7/introduction

Polletta, F., & Maresca, A. (2021). Claiming Martin Luther King, Jr. for the right: The Martin Luther King Day holiday in the Reagan era. Memory Studies, 1750698021995932. https://doi.org/10.1177/1750698021995932

Wihl, G. (2018). Civil Disobedience in Democratic Regimes. Israel Law Review51(2), 301-320. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021223718000043