Scroll down to Digestive Disease Topics and select “Your Digestive System and How It Works”.

Scroll down to Digestive Disease Topics and select “Your Digestive System and How It Works”.

Scroll down to Digestive Disease Topics and select “Your Digestive System and How It Works”. 150 150 Peter

Internet Exercise Worksheet for Personal Nutrition 10e Chapter 3—Anatomy for Nutrition’s Sake

Directions:

1. Access the web site at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/ digestive-diseases

2. Scroll down to Digestive Disease Topics and select “Your Digestive System and How It Works”.

3. Read the article and answer the questions below:

Multiple Choice

1) What are the solid organs of the digestive system? a) Kidneys, stomach, and intestines b) Mouth, esophagus, and stomach c) Stomach, pancreas, intestines d) Liver, pancreas, and gallbladder

2) The three tasks of the stomach are . a) storing swallowed food/liquid, enabling the pancreas to secrete enzymes and eliminating unwanted waste b) storing swallowed food/liquid, mixing up the food/liquid and digestive juices, and emptying its contents slowly into the small intestine c) releasing food into the small intestine, signaling the liver to secrete enzymes, and allowing the lymphatic system to drain any excess fluid d) allowing food/liquid to linger for 3–4 hours, separating fiber and non- fibrous foods, and cleaning the small inte

3) The main reason why peristalsis is important is that it . a) makes a person feel satisfied (or full) after eating b) breaks food into smaller particles for intestinal absorption and elimination c) helps food move along involuntarily at the rate needed for each organ’s

digestive tasks d) aids the cardiology system in performing its tasks

True/False

4) The large intestine serves as the organ that absorbs most of the

nutrients from food. True False

5) The digestive system is controlled by two types of regulators: hormone and

nerve regulators. True False

6) The pancreas secretes pancreatic juice which helps break down starches,

fats, and protein. True False