Scientific and Analytic Paper

Scientific and Analytic Paper

Scientific and Analytic Paper 150 150 Peter

Scientific and Analytic Paper

Purpose:

This assignment helps identify areas of clinical interest that you may have in integrating evidence into the population of interest. You will begin to find evidence as it relates to your practice of interest in Mental Health.

Overview:

You will select a clinical question topic related to your clinical practice (Mental Health,. You will then write a review of your clinical question and population.

Formulate a 3-page scholarly paper in APA format, providing an overview of the terms and function of EPB. An introduction, discussion, and conclusion are expected in the overview on this topic.

Directions:

Identify a clinical question of interest for you.
Provide an overview of databases that are available and relevant to your clinical question. (Mental Health)
Write a 3-page paper that discusses your findings from the database, and the evidence determined.
Include a minimum of four mid- to high-level evidence-based references.

Sample Paper

Scientific and Analytic

Introduction

The clinical question of among patients admitted to a mental health care facility (p), what is the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy(I) compared to not providing cognitive behavioral therapy(C) for the general condition of patients after (O)6 months (T) is important in healthcare settings, especially in mental health care facilities. This is because non-pharmacological approaches to the treatment of mental health have been shown to have less severe side effects and better outcomes compared to pharmacological treatments that involve antipsychotic medication administration.

Provide an overview of databases that are available and relevant to your clinical question. (Mental Health)

The evidence-based databases that were considered in the research included Embase, Pubmed, Science Direct, PLos One, and Cochrane review. These databases were considered because they were scholarly databases that presented peer-reviewed journals. The keywords that were used to search the databases for peer-reviewed scholarly articles include ‘effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy, ‘efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy among mental health patients’ and ‘noted improvement related to cognitive therapy among mental health patients in mental health care facilities. Only current scholarly sources were considered when searching the databases, with the only sources considered having been published in the past five years, which was after 2017. The search for scholarly and current peer-reviewed sources related to the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy on enhancing the general condition of patients admitted in a mental health care facility provided five reliable sources, including Chiang et al. (2017); Cuijpers et al., (2019); Fordham et al., (2021); Hofmann et al., (2018); Nakao et al., (2021).

Write a 3-page paper that discusses your findings from the database, and the evidence

Cuijpers et al. (2019) meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials located within Embase database Level I .According to Cuijpers et al. (2019), cognitive-behavioral therapy is an effective tool in helping individuals struggling with mental health issues to eliminate any safety-seeking behaviors and avoidance behaviors that can prevent the self-correction of different faulty beliefs and perceptions. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy helps to facilitate the reduction of various stress-related disorders among individuals struggling with mental health issues and also to boost mental health in general. According to Cuijpers et al. (2019), cognitive-behavioral therapy is effective in addressing different forms of mental health challenges, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety disorder, hypochondriacs, depression, and bulimia nervosa, among others. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is also effective in helping to manage different physical conditions among individuals struggling with mental health issues such as irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue syndrome. CBT is also effective in addressing behavioral problems such as for overweight, smoking, anti-social behavior, overweight, drug abuse, and gambling, especially in the long run (Cuijpers et al., 2019).

Fordham et al. (2021) meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials located within Pubmed database Level I .According to Fordham et al. (2021), cognitive-behavioral therapy includes various classes of interventions that are based on the basic premise that psychological distress and mental disorders are caused by numerous cognitive factors. Cognitive-behavioral therapy includes the correction of maladaptive cognition that can contribute to behavioral problems and emotional distress among individuals.

Hofmann et al. (2018) meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials located within Science direct database Level I. According to Hofmann et al. (2018), cognitive-behavioral therapy can be utilized as an intervention for different mental health illnesses, especially among patients in mental health care facilities such as addiction and substance use disorder, schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder, eating disorders, and insomnia among others. According to Hofmann et al. (2018), scholarly evidence has indicated the efficacy of CBT for the treatment of different forms of addiction and substance use disorder such as cannabis dependence, with a lower Dropout rate compared to other forms of interventions. CBT techniques have also been found to be effective in smoking cessation sessions, especially when it comes to reducing the incidence of relapse.

Nakao et al., (2021) metasynthesis of qualitative studies located within Embase database Level V.  According to Nakao et al., (2021), who conducted a meta-analysis, CBT is quite effective in bringing out positive psychological outcomes among patients struggling with schizophrenia, such as a reduction in delusions or hallucinations. CBT has also been shown to be an effective treatment when combined with pharmacotherapy among schizophrenia patients who struggle with acute episodes of psychosis as opposed to more chronic episodes. Community behavioral therapy is also an effective treatment against depression and has been found to be more effective compared to other control conditions such as no treatment or being on a waiting list (Nakao et al., 2021).

Chiang et al., (2017) meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials located within PLos One database Level I.  According to Chiang et al., (2017) various meta-analysis on the efficacy of CBT on bipolar disorder has also revealed that CBT has a small to the medium overall effect and improved symptoms among patients with bipolar. CBT is also a first-line reliable approach for the treatment of anxiety disorder and has numerous positive effects on alleviating the secondary symptoms of anxiety such as anxiety sensitivity and sleep dysfunction (Chiang et al., 2017). CBT is also an effective intervention for stress management compared to other forms of interventions. Patients in mental health care facilities are significantly susceptible to stress as a result of being admitted to mental health institutions and the significant changes that the patients experience after they are admitted to a mental health care facility. The use of CBT among mental health patients can help to improve the quality of life of such patients by providing adequate space management strategies as such patients go through other interventions for their specific mental health disorders (Chiang et al., 2017).

Conclusion

Considering the different scholarly sources that have been reviewed, it is therefore evident that cognitive-behavioral therapy is an effective intervention for patients in a mental health care facility that can help improve the condition of such patients within a period of six months.

 

References

Chiang, K. J., Tsai, J. C., Liu, D., Lin, C. H., Chiu, H. L., & Chou, K. R. (2017). Efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy in patients with bipolar disorder: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PLOS ONE12(5), e0176849. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0176849

Cuijpers, P., Noma, H., Karyotaki, E., Cipriani, A., & Furukawa, T. A. (2019). Effectiveness and Acceptability of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Delivery Formats in Adults With Depression. JAMA Psychiatry76(7), 700. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.0268

Fordham, B., Sugavanam, T., Edwards, K., Stallard, P., Howard, R., das Nair, R., Copsey, B., Lee, H., Howick, J., Hemming, K., & Lamb, S. E. (2021). The evidence for cognitive behavioral therapy in any condition, population or context: a meta-review of systematic reviews and panoramic meta-analysis. Psychological Medicine51(1), 21–29. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033291720005292

Hofmann, S. G., Asnaani, A., Vonk, I. J. J., Sawyer, A. T., & Fang, A. (2018). The Efficacy of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: A Review of Meta-analyses. Cognitive Therapy and Research36(5), 427–440. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-012-9476-1

Nakao, M., Shirotsuki, K., & Sugaya, N. (2021). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for management of mental health and stress-related disorders: Recent advances in techniques and technologies. BioPsychoSocial Medicine15(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13030-021-00219-w