Role of the NP
Discuss the role of the NP when caring for patients with chronic illness.
Length: A minimum of 275 words, not including references
Citations: At least 2 high-level scholarly reference in APA-7 from within the last 5 years
Role of the NP
Chronic diseases refer to conditions that last for more than one year and usually require ongoing medical attention. The diseases tend to limit the daily activities of a person. Examples of chronic diseases include cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. Nurse practitioners play a significant role when caring for patients with chronic illnesses.
One of the roles of the NP is to educate patients about the disease that they are suffering from. Educating the patient about the disease helps them be in a better position to exercise self-care, leading to an improved health outcome. The NP also educate the patients about the treatment plan that will be implemented, how it will help in the management of the condition, and any side effect or implication of the treatment. The NPs are guided by the chronic care model when educating chronically ill patients (Boman, Ösp Egilsdottir, Levy-Malmberg, & Fagerström, 2019). Another role of the NP is to consult with other health providers and family members to be able to administer quality care and implement evidence-based practices effectively. Consultation helps acquire all the important information about a patient. It is also the role of the NP to ensure that patients adhere and comply with the prescribed treatments. Failure to take medications as prescribed can have an adverse effect on the patient and can also lead to the development of other conditions that were not existing (Donelan et al., 2019). Another role of NP when caring for patients with chronic illness is ensuring that the patient medical record is correct and is consistent with policies, legislation, and procedures. Keeping accurate and complete patient records is important, especially when the patient needs to be referred to another hospital or health provider, as it helps maintain consistency of the treatment process. It is also the role of the NP to be an advocate of the patients. They can advocate by protecting the patient from harm, communicating the preferences of the patient, and providing important information to inform decision making (Boman, Ösp Egilsdottir, Levy-Malmberg, & Fagerström, 2019).
Boman, E., Ösp Egilsdottir, H., Levy-Malmberg, R., & Fagerström, L. (2019). Nurses’ understanding of a developing nurse practitioner role in the Norwegian emergency care context: a qualitative study. Nordic Journal of Nursing Research, 39(1), 47-54.
Donelan, K., Chang, Y., Berrett-Abebe, J., Spetz, J., Auerbach, D. I., Norman, L., & Buerhaus, P. I. (2019). Care management for older adults: The roles of nurses, social workers, and physicians. Health Affairs, 38(6), 941-949.