Research Critiques and PICOT Statement Final Draft
Prepare this assignment as a 1,500-word paper using the instructor feedback from the previous course assignments and the guidelines below.
Revise the PICOT question you wrote in the Topic 1 assignment using the feedback you received from your instructor.
The final PICOT question will provide a framework for your capstone project (the project students must complete during their final course in the RN-BSN program of study).
In the Topic 2 and Topic 3 assignments, you completed a qualitative and quantitative research critique on two articles for each type of study (4 articles total). Use the feedback you received from your instructor on these assignments to finalize the critical analysis of each study by making appropriate revisions.
The completed analysis should connect to your identified practice problem of interest that is the basis for your PICOT question.
Refer to “Research Critiques and PICOT Guidelines – Final Draft.” Questions under each heading should be addressed as a narrative in the structure of a formal paper.
Proposed Evidence-Based Practice Change
Discuss the link between the PICOT question, the research articles, and the nursing practice problem you identified. Include relevant details and supporting explanations and use that information to propose evidence-based practice changes.
Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.
Research Critiques and PICOT Question Guidelines –
Quantitative and Quantitative Studies
Nursing Practice Problem and PICOT Question
Postoperative pain is normally one of the major concerns among patients who undergo surgery. In most patients, postoperative pain results in sleep disturbances, loss of appetite, and a generally reduced quality of life, among other adverse outcomes (Lin et al., 2019). Even though evidence-based practices indicate that large doses of analgesics can reduce postoperative pain, such drugs have been shown to have numerous adverse side effects such as depressing respiration and circulation, among others. There is, therefore, a need for nonpharmacological alternatives to pain management among patients who have just undergone surgery. Scholars have suggested different approaches to manage postoperative pain, like acupuncture, music therapy, and hypnosis (Lin et al., 2019). Music therapy has been widely used to manage postoperative pain among patients who have just undergone surgery in different settings. Therefore, a lot of scholarly literature has shown that music therapy interventions effectively reduce postoperative pain and anxiety (Lin et al., 2019).
Among patients coming out of surgery (P), what is the effect of music therapy (I) compared to conventional medicine (C) in managing postoperative pain (O) for two days (T)?
For the quantitative studies, Zografakis-Sfakianakis et al. (2017) article explores the problem of postoperative pain among obese patients. The article, therefore, presents music therapy as an intervention that can be utilized to manage pain among such patients. Therefore, the purpose and objective of the Zografakis-Sfakianakis, et al. (2017) article is to determine the effect of listening to music on postoperative pain among obese patients who have undergone major abdominal surgery. The research question that Zografakis-Sfakianakis et al. (2017) asks to address their purpose and objectives ‘what will be the effect of music therapy on managing postoperative pain among obese patients who have just undergone major abdomen surgery? ‘Zografakis-Sfakianakis et al., (2017) study is therefore significant to nursing in that it seeks to provide an alternative pain management approach that nurses working in postoperative care settings can utilize apart from analgesics. Zografakis-Sfakianakis et al.’s (2017) study, therefore, suggests that nurses should utilize a combination of analgesics and music therapy to effectively manage the pain of postoperative patients.
On the other hand, Gogoularadja & Bakshi (2020) study explores the efficacy of music therapy in managing pain among patients who have undergone nasal septal surgery. Therefore, the purpose and objective of the Gogoularadja & Bakshi (2020) study is to determine the efficacy of music therapy on anxiety and pain management among patients who have just undergone nasal septal surgery. The research question that the Gogoularadja & Bakshi (2020) study poses to achieve its purpose and objective is ‘what is the effect of music therapy on anxiety and pain management among patients who have just undergone nasal septal surgery? Gogoularadja & Bakshi, (2020) study is therefore significant to nursing. It seeks to provide evidence of whether music therapy will be an effective approach to managing postoperative pain among patients. Therefore, the study results can be used to support or oppose the use of music therapy to manage pain in care settings.
For the qualitative studies, Lynch et al. (2020) explores the problem of patient’s perspectives regarding the use of music therapy in pain management in healthcare settings. In their study, Lynch et al. (2020), therefore, focus on cancer patients exposed to music therapy as part of an intervention to manage their pain. The purpose and objective of the Lynch et al. (2020) study is to understand the perception of active and passive music therapy in pain management among patients with cancer. To fulfill the purpose and objective of their study, Lynch et al. (2020), therefore, ask the research question, ‘what is the perception of active and passive music therapy in pain management among patients with cancer?’ Lynch et al. (2020) study have a great significance to nursing practice in that it explores different nonpharmacological interventions that can be used to manage pain among cancer patients. In contemporary times, health care practitioners have been exploring alternative therapies to manage pain among patients due to the different adverse effects associated with some pharmacological treatments such as addiction.