Reconstruction and the Compromise of 1877

Reconstruction and the Compromise of 1877

Reconstruction and the Compromise of 1877 150 150 Peter

Reconstruction and the Compromise of 1877

Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity:

Textbook: Chapter 15, 16
Lesson
Minimum of 1 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook)

Initial Post Instructions
For the initial post, craft a response comparing the three (3) Reconstruction plans:

Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (10% Plan) – Lincoln
Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan
Congressional Reconstruction Plan (Congress)
Then, address one (1) of the following for your selections:

Analyze if the South should have been treated as a defeated nation or as rebellious states.
Explain how the American culture and society changed in the North versus the South during Reconstruction.
Analyze the impact of the Compromise of 1877 that ended Reconstruction on African-Americans.

Sample Paper

Comparing the 3 Reconstruction Plans

Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction was Lincoln’s plan towards reintegrating Confederate states back to the Union, permitting presidential pardons to the Southerners who took a pledge of future commitment to the Union (Dodds, 2021). Lincoln created this plan to help unite the South and North after the Civil War. The plan correspondingly established a practice in which postwar reconstruction would be in effect in that the state, in case ten percent of each rebellious state would vote, be part of the Union. Andrew Johnson had similar ideas to those of President Lincoln. Andrew believed that the South and North were required to reunite. The South shouldn’t be punished. He similarly believed that Southerners who participated in the war were required to be pardoned since they vowed allegiance to the United States. When it comes to Congressional Reconstruction Plan, it involved imposing strict standards on the Southern states and sustaining newly free slaves in pursuit of work, social and education chances. During that particular time, congress had passed three constitutional adjustments that protected newly freedmen. They proposed a military rule over the South till the African Americans were fully protected; it ordered the southern states to hold fresh elections, pass the 13 and 14th Amendments, all eligible men allowed to vote, and would not allow the Southerners who supported the Federation to vote.

All these three plans demanded the right to free for all African Americans, but the Congressional method was meant to create African American citizens providing them rights that white men would have (OpenStax, 2019). Johnson’s plan had a calm way of letting the South reconstruct, but the Congressional plan was a rough and strict punishment for “rebellious acts.”

Impact of Compromise of 1877 That Ended the Reconstruction on African Americans

Compromise of 1877 was an unwritten agreement, casually agreed amongst the U.S Congressmen that established forcefully undecided 1876 presidential election. The compromise occasioned into U.S central government pulling the last troops out from Southern U.S and ending the Era of Reconstruction. The Southern Democrats’ abilities to defend the political and civil rights of the Black people were not honored, and the end of federal interference in the southern relationships triggered an extensive disenfranchisement of the Black voters (OpenStax, 2019). From the late 1870s and onwards, the southern legislature approved a series of laws demanding separation of whites from “people of color” on public based transport, park, schools, restaurant, theaters, among other places. Identified as “Jim crow laws,” these segregationist acts ran life in the South through middle of the next century, ending just after a hard-won achievements of the civil rights movements in the 1990s.

 

References

Dodds, G. (2021). 4 THE CIVIL WAR Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. In Mass Pardons in America (pp. 114-142). Columbia University Press. https://doi.org/10.7312/dodd20078-006

OpenStax. (2019). U.S. history. OpenStax CNX. Retrieved from httgs://cnx.org/contents/g7ovulkl@6.18:gMXC1 GEM@7/lntroduction