Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations 150 150 Peter

Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

Assessment Description ( Article/Reference 2017-2022)

Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two qualitative research studies. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines – Part 1: document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses.

Use the practice problem and two qualitative, peer-reviewed research article you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment.

In a 1,000-1,250 word essay, summarize two qualitative studies, explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study.

You are required to cite a minimum of three peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years, appropriate for the assignment criteria, and relevant to nursing practice.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Sample Paper


Surgical site infections can be prevented when the health care providers and the patients practice hygiene before coming in to contact with the wound.   The infections are associated with high rates of complications and death rates.  When the providers take the necessary measures to prevent infections, it can reduce the effects of the infections because infections after surgery are caused by germs.  Following the evidence-based guidelines including hand hygiene, management of perioperative patient temperature management, and administering prophylactic antibiotics can help in preventing the surgical site infections.  This paper aims at summarizing two qualitative peer reviewed research articles regarding surgical site infection and will include the background of the studies, how the articles support nurse practice issue chosen, methods of the study used in the article results of the study and ethical considerations that should be used when conducting research.

Background of Study

There are several problems connected with abdominal surgery, and one of the most prevalent is a surgical site infection (SSI). When a patient gets an infection at the surgical site, their prognosis is grim. Because they are not consistently implemented in practice, evidence-based therapeutic treatments that have been shown to minimize SSIs have a limited impact. The goal of Ariyo et al. (2019) was to describe implementation options for reducing SSIs using evidence-based treatments. The findings of this study are significant for nurses because they provide light on the relationship between surgical site infections and several areas of nursing practice, such as knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and infrastructure. As a result, the study will help nurses better understand how they may change their behaviors, attitudes, and infrastructure to prevent and minimize surgery site infections. In this study, no research questions were posed or answered.

Mengesha et al. (2020) sought to identify factors associated with nurses’ surgical site infection control practices in order to conduct an evaluation. Only nurses in surgical departments were included in the research. There were no particular research questions for this study. Surgical site infections can be prevented in sixty percent of cases by following guidelines based on scientific evidence. Studies on evidence-based guidelines for nurses to follow and utilize to avoid surgical site infections in Addis Ababa are few (SSI). There are also major implications for nursing education on the techniques that may be used to avoid and decrease the occurrence of surgical site infections. With this information, nurses may enhance their nursing practices to prevent surgical site infections, as well. In addition to enhancing nursing skills and knowledge, better nursing practices will increase the quality of the care that nurses provide to their patients. It is expected that the findings of this study would lead to better and enhanced nursing practices, which will ultimately benefit patient care and the nursing profession.

How do these two articles support the nurse practice issue you chose?

When it comes to reducing surgical site infections, the PICOT question predicts that strengthening nurses’ hygiene behavior is preferable to improving nursing hygiene measures. The outcomes of the investigation provide the basis for the prediction. Infections at the surgical site can be prevented, for example, by the cleanliness practices and procedures employed by nurses. According to Mengesha et al. (2020), only two hundred of the four hundred and nine individuals used either chlorhexidine gluconate or alcohol to avoid surgical site infections. As a result, the use of sterile gloves, lancets, clean floors, and disinfectors by nurses will help to decrease infections at the surgery site.

Method of Study

A systematic review research was undertaken by Ariyo et al. (2019). The researchers searched several databases to collect relevant data. In the meanwhile, they examined the data using univariate and bivariate approaches. In contrast, 25-item, 4-point Likert scales were used by Mengesha et al. (2020) in their self-administered surveys. Ariyo et al. (2019) employed structured forms to extract data, while Mengesha et al. (2020) used a twenty-five-questionnaire survey to collect data. Self-administered 25-item questionnaires, on the other hand, have more closed questions than structured forms, making them more specialized and targeted. One of the questionnaires’ biggest drawbacks is the inability to get people to be really honest while answering the questions (Rey Alamillo et al., 2021). However, surveys cover a wide range of topics and do not put the responder under as much stress.

Results of the Study

The study’s findings indicated that many nurses have a strong understanding of surgical site infection prevention. In most research, adherence to evidence-based therapies was improved by employing a variety of tactics (Ariyo et al., 2019). Leadership participation and cross-departmental collaboration were key components of the engagement strategy. According to Mengesha et al. (2020), nearly half of the participants practiced excellent SSI prevention techniques and methods. Of the people who took the survey, half said they frequently use alcohol and chlorhexidine gluconate to prevent surgical site infections. After and before changing wound dressings, half respondents stated that they promptly washed their hands with soap and water (Mengesha et al., 2020). All of these factors, including gender, employment experience, education level, and adherence to infection control guidelines, were associated with adequate practice. With this information, nurses may enhance their nursing practices to prevent surgical site infections, as well. In addition to enhancing nursing skills and knowledge, better nursing practices will increase the quality of the care that nurses provide to their patients.

Ethical Considerations

The integrity of science, human dignity, and scientific-society collaboration are all impacted by research ethics. Voluntary participation and informed consent are two ethical considerations in research (Arifin, 2018). Participants in the studies could choose to participate or not at any time. Furthermore, everyone who took part in the study did so voluntarily with no pressure or coercion. Participant knowledge of the study’s purpose, risks, and funding was made clear prior to their participation. They received all the information they needed to make informed decisions.

In conclusion, numerous studies have been conducted regarding prevention of surgical site infection. The results of the studies discussed in this paper shows that by employing the proper measures it can help in reducing surgical site infections. The studies identified the relationship between surgical site infections and knowledge, attitude, behavior and infrastructure. This study shows that when the health care providers have the knowledge and proper attitude regarding the measures to take to prevent surgical site infections, then it is possible to lower these rates. The studies also suggest that the health care providers should follow the evidence-based guidelines regarding hand hygiene. These studies prove that it is possible to lower surgical site infections through following the right measures.  There is a need to continue conducting studies regarding prevention of surgical site infections to improve the quality of life for patients who go through surgery.


Arifin, S. R. M. (2018). Ethical considerations in qualitative study. International Journal of Care Scholars, 1(2), 30-33. https://journals.iium.edu.my/ijcs/index.php/ijcs/article/view/82

Ariyo, P., Zayed, B., Riese, V., Anton, B., Latif, A., Kilpatrick, C., … & Berenholtz, S. (2019). Implementation strategies to reduce surgical site infections: a systematic review. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 40(3), 287-300. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology/article/abs/implementation-strategies-to-reduce-surgical-site-infections-a-systematic-review/D7450E4F6E9C41CA2E56F216BAFF5C87

Mengesha, A., Tewfik, N., Argaw, Z., Beletew, B., & Wudu, M. (2020). Practice of and associated factors regarding prevention of surgical site infection among nurses working in the surgical units of public hospitals in Addis Ababa city, Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study. PLOS ONE 15(4): e0231270. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231270

Rey Alamillo, R. D., Ojeda Pérez, M., & Casas Bolaños, J. A. (2021). Validation of the Sexting Behavior and Motives Questionnaire (SBM-Q). Psicothemahttps://redined.educacion.gob.es/xmlui/handle/11162/207696