Public Health Nursing

Public Health Nursing

Public Health Nursing 150 150 Peter

Public Health Nursing

  • Explain how public health nursing differs from other types of nursing.
  • Explain what is meant by the term “population health” from a public health perspective.
  • Describe how a public health nurse (PHN) analyzes and narrows a population down using various kind of information including social determinants of health.
  • Compare a PHN’s approach to population health with a hospital system’s approach to population health.
  • Consider the Covid-19 pandemic and the multifaceted approach to prevention and management of infectious diseases. Public health nurses must assume many roles over the course of a pandemic. Explain the role of the public health nurse to enforce public health law, specifically in times of pandemic.
  • Besides public health law enforcement explain at least three different roles that public health nurses assume during a pandemic.

Sample Paper

Explain how public health nursing differs from other types of nursing.

The nursing profession is multi-dimensional, with different duties and career paths for different types of nursing. Public health nursing involves dealing with the larger community where a public health nurse works to protect and promote health within a community. The roles of a public health nurse involve reviewing health data to identify health risks that exist within a community and monitor disease trends, implementing health campaigns, providing screening and preventive services such as immunizations. Public health nurses do not wait for people in the community to develop illnesses; they focus on preventing illnesses before they occur. Hospital nursing involves providing health care services such as diagnosis and implementation of treatment plans. Hospital nurses work with individuals who are already sick and require medical interventions. Community nursing involves advocating for healthcare resources to local communities that require them (Kruse et al., 2018).

Explain what is meant by the term “population health” from a public health perspective.

Population health is defined as the health outcomes of a group of individuals and the distribution of such outcomes in the group/community. The groups often involve geographic populations and ethnic groups. The outcomes can include health-related quality of life indicators such as mortality and morbidity rates, mental health, and socioeconomic status (Salmond & Allread, 2019).

Describe how a public health nurse (PHN) analyzes and narrows a population down using various kind of information including social determinants of health.

Public health nursing relies on information derived from monitoring population health to diagnose and determine community health problems and investigate the community’s health challenges. To determine the health problems affecting a community, public health nurses obtain information from disease reporting systems, including injuries and non-communicable disease reports, vital statistics reports such as birth and death rates, gender, socioeconomic status, demography, among other statistics, community risk factor reports, available healthcare resources in the community, and special diseases registry including congenital disabilities, cancers, and other chronic illnesses. Using information technology and computerization, they analyze the data to determine disease patterns and link them to specific community behaviors, such as utilizing available healthcare resources and assessing the impact on the general community. They then combine this information with their nursing knowledge to determine the most suitable interventions to deal with the identified health challenges in the community (Kruse et al., 2018).

Compare a PHN’s approach to population health with a hospital system’s approach to population health.

The PHN’s approach to population health focuses on improving mental and physical health outcomes, reducing inequalities, and promoting the general wellbeing of the community. To achieve this, public health nursing focuses on increasing awareness of the health risks and health disparity existing in the community, promoting public health education on disease prevention and available health resources that community members can seek assistance from, and implementing prevention strategies such as disease prevention screening and immunizations. Hospitals promote population health by providing curative interventions. Primarily hospitals promote population health by treating disease to improve their patients’ quality of life and prevent spread to other members of the community. Hospitals also provide screening services, patient education that increases awareness concerning diseases, and preventive interventions such as vaccinations (Shahzad et al., 2019).

Explain the role of the public health nurse to enforce public health law, specifically in times of pandemic.

The role of public health nurses in enforcing public health law involves implementing the regulations that have been developed, educating and encouraging the population to follow the regulations are required by explaining their importance and the consequences of not following the regulations. For example, during the covid pandemic, public health nurses enforced the law by educating the population on the regulation they were required to follow, such as mask mandates and social distancing and their importance. They also ensured that those who received their services observed the regulations (Schwerdtle et al., 2020).

Besides public health law enforcement, explain at least three different roles that public health nurses assume during a pandemic.

Public health nurse roles in pandemics include directing disaster preparedness and management programs; this involves directing efforts to mitigate the disaster’s impacts and prevent further deterioration of the situation. For example, they engage the key stakeholders to gather support and required resources. Public health nurses also act as directors of health education programs; this involves determining the appropriate health education programs and offering them to the right audience. They also work in mobile strike time that investigates the outbreaks, including tracing case contacts and delivering immediate care assistance to the affected populations (Schwerdtle et al., 2020).

 

References

Kruse, C. S., Stein, A., Thomas, H., & Kaur, H. (2018). The use of electronic health records to support population health: a systematic review of the literature. Journal of medical systems42(11), 1-16. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10916-018-1075-6

Salmond, S., & Allread, V. (2019). A population health approach to America’s opioid epidemic. Orthopedic nursing38(2), 95. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6519712/

Schwerdtle, P. N., Connell, C. J., Lee, S., Plummer, V., Russo, P. L., Endacott, R., & Kuhn, L. (2020). Nurse expertise: A critical resource in the COVID-19 pandemic response. Annals of Global Health86(1). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227394/

Shahzad, M., Upshur, R., Donnelly, P., Bharmal, A., Wei, X., Feng, P., & Brown, A. D. (2019). A population-based approach to integrated healthcare delivery: a scoping review of clinical care and public health collaboration. BMC Public Health19(1), 1-15. https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-019-7002-z