Discussion: Psychoanalytic and Trait Theory
Based on your readings for this Week, access the Personality Theory Matrix and complete the requested information in the Column B section for Psychoanalytic Theory and Column C section for Trait Theory. You can use this information to support this week’s Discussion post and response and Assignment.
Note: You will use this spreadsheet to guide your learning about personality theories in Weeks 2-6 and to support your completion of your Module Assessment. It will also be submitted in Week 8 as part of your Module Assessment.
- Review the Learning Resources, focusing on theorists, cultural considerations, assessments/interventions, limitations, and unique aspects of both psychoanalytic theory and trait theory.
By Day 4
Post one key idea from the psychoanalytic theoretical orientation and one from trait theory. What is a main difference between these theoretical orientations? What is similar between these theories? Which one do you more closely align with?
Psychoanalytic Theory Overview
The psychoanalyst is a human tradition, born in the minds, hearts, personal conflicts and interpersonal struggles of its founders and contributors. Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and a discipline created in principle to treat, mental illness, based on the revelation of the unconscious. Freud did not exactly invent the concept of conscious mind versus unconscious mind, but he certainly made it popular. The conscious mind is all that we realize in a particular moment: the present perceptions, memories, thoughts, fantasies and feelings. When we work very closely in these sections is what Freud called preconscious, something that today we would call “available memory”: it refers to all that we can remember; those memories that are not available at the moment but that we can bring to consciousness. Today, no one has problems with these two layers of the mind, although Freud suggested that they were only small parts of the mind.
The larger part consisted of the unconscious and included all those things, which were not accessible to our consciousness. Including many that had originated there, such as our impulses or instincts, as well as others that we could not tolerate in our conscious mind, such as the emotions associated with trauma (Murdock, 2013).
Goals and Interventions
To achieve the objectives have used the response and the advice at first, the counselor will carefully evaluate the using the Psychoanalytic Theory to the opinion of Ana. He will give information about it and propose the treatment to follow. Through this process, you will be teaching counseling techniques and the most appropriate strategies to handle difficulties more efficiently. The evaluation is present in each therapy process, is articulated through the planning of the other didactic components in all its stages and all its aspects. It allows judging and appreciating the progress of the counseling process, and the judgments made, and the decisions made about the achievements, competencies and other qualities acquired by the patient in the process (Gelso, Williams, and Fretz (2014).
In this case, long-term therapy will be used, the financial aspects for Ana’s will be conflicts when they are not approached correctly from the beginning of the relationship, and the insurance will only cover a part. The counselor should establish how much the patient will be charged, when he will discuss his fees, how he will deal with social work coverage issues or prepaid and what behavior he will adopt if the agreement does not comply. The counselor will try to choose appropriate options, suitable for both you and yourself and that are feasible. When an agreement is established, they communicate clearly verbally and in writing. However, long-term treatment does not have to take decades. It can be very useful over a period of approximately six months. Some severe mental illnesses may be well or relapse with a therapy lasting from one to two years (Gelso, Williams, and Fretz, 2014).