Preliminary Care Coordination Plan
Develop a 3-4 page preliminary care coordination plan for a selected health care problem. Include physical, psychosocial, and cultural considerations for this health care problem. Identify and list available community resources for a safe and effective continuum of care. Identify a health concern as the focus of your care coordination plan. In your plan, please include physical, psychosocial, and cultural needs. Remember to use active voice, this means being direct and writing concisely; as opposed to passive voice, which means writing with a tendency to wordiness.
In your paper include possible community resources that can be used. Remember to use active voice, this means being direct and writing concisely; as opposed to passive voice, which means writing with a tendency to wordiness.
In your paper include possible community resources that can be used. Cite at least two credible sources from peer-reviewed journals or professional industry publications that support your preliminary plan. Analyze your selected health concern and the associated best practices for health improvement.
Cite supporting evidence for best practices.
Consider underlying assumptions and points of uncertainty in your analysis.
Describe specific goals that should be established to address the health care problem.
Identify available community resources for a safe and effective continuum of care.
Health concern topic I chose: Heart disease (high blood pressure, stroke, or heart failure).
Preliminary care coordination plans are coordination programs designed to meet the unique needs of different patients. Care coordination focuses on the recovery of the patients. It is collaborative since it involves connecting patients to healthcare services. Chronic diseases demand care coordination. This is because chronic diseases do not only affect an individual, but it affects the family, friends, and even the nation at large. A chronically ill person cannot participate in an income-generating activity due to the body condition. Notably, the illness affects those who depend on the patient for provision. For this reason, the care for a patient with chronic illness involves cultural, physical, and psychological considerations. Furthermore, community resources are also vital in ensuring safe and effective care. This paper focuses on the care coordination plan for patients with high blood pressure.
Background of the healthcare problem
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is one of the diseases of the heart. It is a medical condition that occurs when the force of blood pushing against the artery walls is high. When this medical condition is not managed well, it results in serious damage to the heart. The excess pressure also hardens the arteries resulting in a decrease in blood flow to and oxygen from the heart. Elevated pressure causes chest pain, heart failure, heart attack, irregular heartbeat, and it can cause death. This condition also causes stroke due to the blockage or bursting of arteries that supply oxygen and blood.
According to WHO (2021), an average of 1.28 billion adults aged 30 to 79 years have hypertension. Out of the total number, two-thirds are from middle and low-income countries. About forty-six percent of the adults are not aware that they have hypertension. Only forty-two percent are diagnosed and given medication. Twenty-one percent (1 in every 5) of the adults with hypertension have the condition under control. Care coordination plans play a vital role in managing the conditions, subsequently leading to avoidance of serious consequences associated with it.
Specific goals established to address the healthcare problem.
The coordination plan aims to help patients deal with hypertension through the established goals. These goals help the patients maintain normal blood pressure and manage other risk factors. The specific goals to address hypertension include observing the dietary requirements, reducing salt consumption, regular exercise, reducing alcohol, and quitting smoking for the smoking patients. Patients must follow the established dietary approaches to stop hypertension and live a long, healthy life. Salt, alcohol, and other processed foods may increase blood pressure. Physical recommended exercises can be of great importance to patients with hypertension since they contribute to body fitness.
Physical, psychosocial, and cultural considerations for high blood pressure.
Patients with high blood pressure should engage in light physical activities. Regular physical exercise makes the heart strong. When the heart is strong, it can pump blood with less effort. Bodyweight heavily contributes to high blood pressure. With regular exercise, the patients will maintain the required body weight leading to reduced blood pressure. It may take about one to three months for patients to experience the impact of regular exercise. Including a physical exercise guide in the coordination program will contribute to quality care.
The psychological settings contribute to high blood pressure conditions. Poor living styles, supply of unbalanced diet, or unhealthy foods are likely to result in higher cases of high blood pressure. Besides, low socioeconomic status, anxiety, depression, and stress also play a big role. Children-related issues might lead to emotional distress (Faruqueet al., 2021). The patients require emotional support, coping strategies, and skills. The patients will receive services that will help in reducing the psychological factors that contribute to high blood pressure.
Various cultures have a direct impact on cases of high blood pressure. The Hispanic population, for example, has higher chances of experiencing hypertensive risk factors. This group is inactive, and tobacco smoking is common in it. High tobacco consumption and inactivity contribute to high blood pressure cases among Hispanics. There is a need to consider different cultures and their contribution to the cases of hypertension. In the coordination plan, there is a need to promote cultures that help deal with hypertension. Cultures whose activities promote hypertension require appropriate action to discourage it from making the patients’ condition worse. The knowledge of various cultures among the patients is essential in the coordination plan.
- Lifestyles community-based programs.
The community-based programs targeting a specific group in a community plays a critical role in helping patients with hypertension. Patients may get confused about the changing and sometimes conflicting treatment methods of hypertension (Janet and Wright, 2020). The community-based programs that deal with hypertension will clarify and help patients in their journey of managing hypertension. Information such as the required systolic blood pressure (SBP) will encourage patients to undertake regular blood pressure checkups to determine if they need the emergency services.
2. Education services
Knowledge of hypertension among the patients helps in the medication and treatment process. Patients ought to know the dos and don’ts in hypertension conditions. Most of the deaths caused by hypertension are contributed by ignorance. Educational services in the community will help patients know much about the condition and how they can manage it. Several books, magazines, and websites can help patients understand hypertension better. Through educational services, the patients will understand the importance of checkups, seeking medication, and also they will get knowledge on how well they can manage the disease.
In conclusion, the preliminary coordination plan helps address the possible challenges experienced in dealing with patients with hypertension. The plan should incorporate physical, cultural, and psychological considerations should be. These considerations play a vital role in boosting the patient’s health condition management. Community services such as lifestyle programs and educational services are crucial in the care coordination plan.