Nursing Culture and Caring Theories

Nursing Culture and Caring Theories

Nursing Culture and Caring Theories 150 150 Peter

Nursing Culture and Caring Theories

Which of the culture and caring theories most resonates with you for your practice as an NP? How does the theory integrate the nursing paradigm?  What parts of the theory do you identify with? How does the theory help to meet CLAS standards to advance health equity?

Sample Paper

Madeleine Leininger’s Theory of Culture Care Diversity

Healthcare has become so diverse, with nurses being forced to care for patients from diverse backgrounds and ethnic affiliations. Caring should be modified to impart equity and equality in healthcare that gives patients a sense of love and hope of wellness. Leininger’s Culture care diversity theory resonates most with my nursing role and practice. The approach highlights that various cultures have different values, customs, behavioral patterns, and varying illnesses and thus will require exceptional nursing care (McFarland, 2021). The theory is more relevant to my practice because of the diversity of patients that I handle, implying that a proper understanding of their unique cultural backgrounds will help deliver the most efficient nursing care.

How the Theory Integrates Nursing Paradigms

Nursing paradigms are classified into the person, health, environment, and nursing care. The person paradigm implies the specific individual and family members with distinct cultural inclinations (Bender, 2018). Health is the general wellness and state of illness of the person paradigm, while nursing refers to all nursing practices and care offered. Conversely, the environment is all that surrounds and impacts the person’s health, including social, political, cultural, economic, regional, and global factors (Bender, 2018). Leininger’s theory incorporates the four paradigms of nursing in its precepts. According to the model, the health aspect is vital in predicting an individual’s wellness, with one’s environment comprising physical, ecological, social, and political determinants of culturally responsive healthcare. The author appreciates the nursing role that recognizes diverse cultures and is beneficial to all. The social aspect of the theory that specifies the ideal patient-nurse relationship, which highlights the positive and responsive implementation of care, is what I identify with most in my practice.

How the Theory helps to Meet CLAS Standards to Advance Health Equity

CLAS refers to the National Standards for Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services, which focus on improving healthcare quality to remove all health disparities and attain health equity and equality. CLAS is crucial in nursing as it highlights respect and recognition for one’s personal health needs and beliefs to achieve positive outcomes in diverse populations. Theory of Culture Care Diversity perfectly replicates the principles of CLAS by emphasizing the need to recognize cultural differences of patients in delivering efficient nursing care. It explains the significance of respecting patients by meeting their varied personal and cultural needs.



Bender, M. (2018). Re‐conceptualizing the nursing metaparadigm: Articulating the philosophical ontology of the nursing discipline that orients inquiry and practice. Nursing inquiry25(3), e12243.

McFarland, M. R. (2021). Madeleine M. Leininger: Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality. Nursing Theorists and Their Work E-Book, 334.