Nsg 6101 Nursing Research Methods
This week you will submit the Literature Review section of your proposal. Each week you have been adding to your growing body of evidence to support your problem and proposed innovation to address the problem. The review of literature is a critical, analytical summary and synthesis of the current knowledge of your research topic. Thus it should compare and relate different theories, findings, etc., rather than just summarize them individually.
The following resources will help guide you (in addition to our course textbooks):
THE WRITER’S HANDBOOK
Guidelines for writing a literature review
The Writing Center at UNC-Chapel Hill
Writing the Literature Review: Step-by-Step Tutorial for Graduate Students
Writing the Literature Review (Part Two): Step-by-Step Tutorial for Graduate Students
Alcohol Use Disorder
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a major health issue affecting a greater percentage of the adult population. Its impacts pose a threat to the health and quality of life of the victims. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is proposed for the management of AUD to facilitate improved health outcomes and quality of life.
Various articles have been published on the use of CBT in the management of AUD. Evidence from the findings helps determine whether CBT is effective in the management of AUD in adults. Carroll & Kiluk (2017) in their review of previous studies found CBT to lead to positive behavioral change among adults with AUD. The authors describe CBT as an intervention with a high level of empirical support in the management of AUD. The studies found that CBT facilitates positive thoughts and coping skills, which helps individuals reduce the amount of alcohol intake. Similarly, Magill et al (2019) found CBT to be more effective in the treatment of AUD compared to non-specific treatment or no treatment. The results from reviewed studies showed a significant reduction in alcohol consumption among adults who were provided with CBT for their AUD. Follow-ups after CBT therapy was also found to be effective in the prevention of relapse. AUD patients who did not have a follow-up CBT program were more likely to go back into drinking compared to those with follow-up programs. In contrast, a study by Coates et al (2018) found no significant effects of CBT on the management of AUD. CBT could not be directly attributed to the reduction of alcohol consumption. Reduced craving by the participants led to reduced drinking days but was not directly related to CBT. The evidence from the literature reviewed shows the effectiveness of CBT in the management of AUD, although positive results cannot be guaranteed in all AUD cases.
Carroll, K. M., & Kiluk, B. D. (2017). Cognitive behavioral interventions for alcohol and drug use disorders: Through the stage model and back again. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 31(8), 847-861. https://doi.org/10.1037/adb0000311
Coates, J. M., Gullo, M. J., Feeney, G. F., Young, R. M., & Connor, J. P. (2018). A randomized trial of personalized cognitive-behavior therapy for alcohol use disorder in a public health clinic. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00297
Magill, M., Ray, L., Kiluk, B., Hoadley, A., Bernstein, M., Tonigan, J. S., & Carroll, K. (2019). A meta-analysis of cognitive-behavioral therapy for alcohol or other drug use disorders: Treatment efficacy by contrast condition. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 87(12), 1093-1105. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000447