NMHS10480 Sci Principles Healthcare 1
Academic Year 2021/2022
This module aims to help you understand how the human body maintains health. It introduces you to scientific principles in the areas of biology, physics, chemistry, anatomy and physiology. Learning will focus on the organisation of the human body (concepts of cells and their environment), homeostasis, communication, perfusion (cardiovascular and respiratory system), hydration, nutrition and metabolism. The module will provide you with the grounding and understanding of the normal structure and function of the human body and the basis to understand the changes that occur in altered health.
This module provides you with further essential foundations for clinical skills, clinical practice and a rationale for patient care.
The module is underpinned by the philosophy that biological science knowledge is a critical element for nursing/midwifery competency.
a) Describe the cellular and tissue organisation of the human body.
b) Explain the homeostatic processes that maintain the stability of the internal envi-ronment.
c) Interpret the neuroendocrine regulation of homeostasis.
d) Explain the structure and function of the cardiopulmonary system in maintaining healthy perfusion.
e) Describe how the body maintains fluid and electrolyte balance.
f) Describe the structure and function of the gastrointestinal system and outline the basic processes of
Indicative Module Content:
Concept 1 will discuss why the human body is the way it is. Content includes the chemical basis of life (atoms, subatomic particles, molecules, ions, pH etc); cell structure and function, tissues and organs. The skin will be presented as a tissue exemplar.
Concept 2 Homeostasis: will examine the role of the autonomic and endocrine system in maintaining homeostasis of key variables and use the stress response as an exemplar.
Concept 3 Perfusion: will examine factors affecting cardiac dynamics and the cardiovascular system. Both anatomy and physiology of CVS will be presented.
Concept 4 “Why do we breathe” will discuss the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system and present a clinical scenario as an exemplar.
Concept 5 “Why do we need fluids” will discuss the importance of body water and composition and mechanism to maintain homeostasis. The role of the renal system and hormones will be presented and a fluid and electrolyte imbalance will be presented as an exemplar.
Concept 6 “Why do we need food” will discuss nutrition and macro and micro-nutrients. Anatomy and physiology of the GIT and cell metabolism will be presented. Glucose metabolism and diabetes will be presented as an exemplar.
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