Levine and Rogers Theory

Levine and Rogers Theory

Levine and Rogers Theory 150 150 Peter

Levine and Rogers Theory

Levine’s Theory

Discuss the four Conservation Principles in Levine’s theory (energy, structural integrity, personal and social integrity). Each of the principles should be defined with a reference in-text. Identify why each principle is important in health/patient care. Also, list the reference(s) at the end of the page.

Roger’s Theory

Describe the usefulness of Rogers’s theory in practice and name two critiques of the theory.

Also, describe your two critiques of the theory. List the reference(s) in text and at the end of the page.


A good conclusion summarizes the main points of the paper.

This conclusion should be at least two paragraphs.

This reflective journal should be at least five paragraphs along with three references in the reference list, two must be from the readings.

Sample Paper

Levine and Rogers Theory

Nursing is a science and art that relies on varying theoretical models to guide the nursing practice. These theories enhance the understanding of values and principles during care practice and nurses’ role in healthcare settings. These theories are set to be interrelated ideas, concepts, and feelings used to explain phenomena. This paper will focus on Levine’s and Roger’s Theories and how they are applied in care provision. Levine’s Theory and Roger’s Theory focus on assumptions about persons and their interaction with the environment. Nursing theories improve the quality of care as they allow nurses to comprehend the care practices.

Levine Theory

Levine’s Theory is focused on the conservation. When an individual is in a conservation state, the person can effectively adapt to a health issue. The role of nurses’ conservational model is to improve the emotional and personal well-being considering the four domains. The Theory focuses on maintaining the integrity of an individual through the principle of conservation (Alligood, 2017). For instance, the Levine conservation theory offers a framework for interventions that support the adaptation process for individuals with terminally ill conditions through various interventions to boost the ability to conserve energy, social integrity, structural and personal integrity.

Conservation Principles

Levine’s conservation principles include personal integrity, structural integrity, energy, and social integrity. Conservation of energy focuses on balancing the output and input of energy to prevent fatigue through exercise, adequate rest, and nutrition (Saini and Kalia, 2019). This principle is important in patient care since it allows care providers to improve patients’ emotional and physical well-being during care provision. Conservation of structural integrity entails restoring and maintaining the physical body and promoting healing (Mefford, 2021). This principle is important in patient care since it helps maintain and restore the physical body of a patient improves the health condition, thus improving the quality of care.

Personal integrity considers the patient to seek respect, recognition, and self-awareness (Smith, 2017). This principle is important in patient care since it naturally gravitates towards the patient’s best interest in the provision of care. Exhibiting integrity in nursing is essential in healing and caring for patients’ bodies, minds, and souls. Social integrity recognizes the patient as living within a community, ethnic group, family, or political system (Mefford, 2021). This principle is important in patient care since it facilitates integrity and moral accountability in the nursing practice. The conservation of structural integrity is important in patient care since it focuses on restoring and maintaining the physical body and promoting healing.

Theory Critiques

Levine’s conservation theory is beneficial in developing knowledge base of nursing and guides the nursing practice. It offers additional ideas to person-environment interactions and their relevance on the nursing practice aspects. Levine’s shows how responding to conservation principles in the nursing practice will conserve the patient resources and facilitate wholeness, integrity, organismic response and perceptual systems in the provision of care.

The theory lacks clear boundaries and definitions between concepts and development of propositions. Lack of clear boundaries influences the theory’s testability and application in the nursing practice. Ideally, the theory lacks well-developed propositions for research. This is because the theory lacks adequate information regarding measurements, definitions, relations and confounding factors.

Rogers Theory

Roger’s Theory relies on personality development, subjective experiences, and humanistic psychology. Roger’s Theory is based on her assumption about individuals and interactions within the environment (Spielman et al., 2021). The Theory argues that patients can participate knowingly in the change process. The Theory has highlighted the importance of the environment as a vital part of the patient. This has allowed focus on the relationship of a patient condition to different situations. Nurses can promote well-being and health for all individuals wherever they are.

 Theory Critiques

Roger’s model is recommended nurses for their day to practice to offer comprehensive nursing care to the clients. However, Roger’s Theory has been criticized due to a lack of empirical evidence. Lack of empirical evidence means there is a lack of information about the Theory acquired through experimentation or observation. Therefore, there lacks justification that the Theory can be effective in promoting health.

The Theory is difficult to understand since the concepts are very theoretical. This means that theory is based on its ideas rather than practical aspects. The Theory fails to define a specific hypothesis since its abstract and highly derived framework making its concept not accurately measurable.

Personal Critiques

The theory fails to define the role of nurses in the process of change. According to Rogers, the goal of nurses is facilitate the process of change during care. The theory is only directed to the interaction of man and the environment. Rogers emphasizes on how nurses should view patients but fails to state the role of nurses in the process of change.

Rogers’ theory emphasizes on a scientific nature of nursing which assists in understanding human development and their relation with nature. The theory focuses on environment and human connection which are highly significant in the areas of nursing practice, research and education.


Levine’s Theory focuses on conservation principles in nursing practice, while Roger’s Theory focuses on the science of unitary human beings to promote human betterment. Both theories can be applied in clinical settings to promote nurse practice. Rogers’ Theory emerges from the interaction of the environmental field and human beings. Nurses have expected the role of boosting a person’s adaptation through interventions conducted through the principles of conservation of personal integrity, structural integrity, energy, and social integrity.

Nursing theories offer initial knowledge that enables nurses to provide patient care and guide their actions. Rogers’s Theory and Levine’s Theory focus on the interaction of human beings and the environment during care provision. The theories are in place to establish guidelines for specific and general nursing practices. Nurses need to apply theories since they guide their daily actions towards clients.



Alligood, M. R. (2017). Nursing theorists and their work-e-book. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Mefford, L. C. (2021). Myra Estrin Levine: The Conservation Model. Nursing Theorists and Their Work E-Book, 168.

Saini, N. K., & Kalia, R. (2019). Levine’s Conservation Model of Health. Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research9(3), 466-468.

Smith, L. (2017). Health and Illness Frameworks. Frameworks for Advanced Nursing Practice and Research: Philosophies, Theories, Models, and Taxonomies, 127.

Spielman, R. M., Dumper, K., Jenkins, W., Lacombe, A., Lovett, M., & Perlmutter, M. (2021). Humanistic Approaches. Psychology-H5P Edition.