Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring

Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring

Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring 150 150 Peter

Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring

Complete a brief summary and reference. Must include either one primary, one secondary, or one research article. Select article from published or peer-reviewed, scholarly journal. Must be 5-year-old or less unless it is a primary article from the theorist).
I will be applying this to our NSG 5002 wk 5 group project, PowerPoint presentation. Needs to be thorough analysis and summary.

Sample Paper

Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring

Watson, a renowned nurse, theorist, and professor, formulated Jean Watson’s theory of human caring to emphasize the significance of human beings on the planet and deserve to be treated better than any other object. The approach is focused on the aspect of human beings being of value and cannot be secluded from self, nature, larger workforce, and any other caring part. The theory reflects the initial essence of the nursing profession, and it aligns its role in strengthening the interpersonal relationship between the caregiver and the care recipient. Jean’s theory exclusively term human caring as a process that instills healing and transpersonal relationships built on caring, which soothes both the caregiver and the recipient of care (Kandula, 2019). Kandula’s article gives an extensive review of core concepts of Watson’s theory, the eligibility of the theory, the author’s personal and professional life, and the theory’s vitality in nursing caring.

According to Kandula (2019), Watson’s theory addresses these four key concepts: human beings, health, nursing, and the environment.

Human Beings

The theory regards human beings as valuable creatures that deserve to be cared for, helped, respected, nurtured, and treated with empathy. The author considers human beings as exceptional and incomparable and fully function when loved and cared for right.


The author gives a distinct definition of health as an overall social, mental, and physical functioning body that integrates adaptive maintenance and reiterates efforts that fight diseases (Kandula, 2019).


The theory highlights the essence of caring and nursing in society, where care should be embedded in the profession to cope with environmental encounters.


Nursing is a noble profession that aims at preventing ailments and restoring hope to the sick by restoring their health. The theory emphasizes that holistic healthcare is key to the nursing role of caring for the sick by ensuring that all their needs are met and promoting their health.

Watson’s Human caring theory has 3 main conceptual elements that guide its implications; the carative factors, the transpersonal caring moment that portrays the sincerity of relationships, and the caring moment/ occasion, which implies the specific situation that grooms care.

The ten factors that imply caring in Watson’s theory are:

  1. The establishment of a humanistic- altruistic structure of values.

This caring factor shows the significance of values imparted by parents during childhood and how the values shape one’s life experiences and interactions with other humanities. Responsible behavior towards others among nurses relies solely on the values imparted during childhood (Kandula, 2019).

  1. The installation of faith-hope

The caring process should instill hope and faith in the sick to facilitate the curing and loving approach. Caring is supposed to make the patient optimistic even when the medical and scientific procedures seem ineffective.

  • Embracement of sensitivity to self and others.

Watson explores the significance of nurses’ empathy and sensitivity to others’ feelings with sincerity. The virtue is crucial for nurses as sensitivity and genuine concern provides a safe, caring environment that promotes true empathetic interactions and wellness.

  1. Founding a helping-trust relationship

Nurses should create a good rapport with their clients through communication and empathy that boosts their trust in them to enhance the wellbeing of the patients.

  1. The expression of positive and negative feelings

Caring should create room for appropriate feelings that reflect the nature of the relationship’s behavior.

  1. The systematic integration of scientific problem-solving methods for decision making

Human caring should also entail a search for scientific methods and curing procedures to regulate the condition at hand and solve the problem.

  • Promotion of interpersonal teaching-learning

The caring process must help the nurse integrate both learning and teaching in their practice to help them understand their clients and implement a suitable plan.

  • Creating a supportive, socio-cultural, physical, protective, and corrective mental and spiritual environment.

Watson presents the interdependence between the internal and external variables that nurses can exploit to support and enhance the general wellbeing of the patient.

  1. Aid human needs gratification.

Kandula (2019) highlights how the human caring theory guides the fulfillment of the hierarchy of needs to enhance quality nursing care and optimize the patient’s health status.

  1. Allowance for existential-phenomenological spiritual forces

The theory help nurses integrate an understanding of their clients as presented in the specific phenomenon to gratify all their needs.

In summary, Kandula’s article is a perfect document that explores human caring theory as an essence of nursing. The author explores all the elements and concepts of human caring presented by the theorist Jean Watson. The eligibility and significance of the theory in informing nursing practice that nurtures the genuine interpersonal relationship between the caregiver and the care recipient is highlighted. Also, the author analyses the strengths and limitations of the theory in detail.


Kandula, U. (2019). Watson Human Caring Theory. 28-31.