Information Technology, Safety, And Patient Outcomes
Information and technology skills are essential for all nurses to have, but especially for nurse informaticists. This assignment requires you to consider how information and technology directly impact patient care outcomes and a safe care environment.
Format your assignment as one of the following:
· 10 to 15-slide PowerPoint presentation with detailed speaker notes or narration
· 3- to 5-minute podcast
· Infographic or concept map
Include the following in your assignment:
- Explain why information and technology skills are essential for safe patient care.
- Identify the baccalaureate nurse’s role in championing the use of information and technology to improve safety and patient outcomes.
- Provide examples of how nurses use technology to make healthcare-related decisions.
- Analyze the relationship between the quality and integrity of data entered into a database and the effect on the quality of patient care.
- Include a minimum of 3 peer-reviewed sources.
Information Technology, Safety, and Patient Outcomes
Technological changes in the health care system in the last couple of years have changed and impacted the way nurses take care of patients and handle other operations in healthcare facilities. Most of the changes have had a positive effect on the way clinical processes are handled. The development of information technology can be seen in various areas of healthcare, from the operating room table to the Med/Surg bedside. The development of new concepts in healthcare have enhanced healthcare by leaps and bounds. Health information technology has increased patient safety, has led to more efficient care coordination, and has enhanced patient performance analysis.
Importance of Information and Technology
Health information systems have changed the way patient safety is evaluated, by altering operations from manual to automated. For instance, health information systems can store and synthesize patient information which reduces the risk of adverse effects and costly mistakes. Mistakes that may arise when information is not properly input and stored. Meaningful use of healthcare information technology (HIT) is now a requirement to receive complete reimbursement from both Medicare and Medicaid (Piscotty, 2015). This information includes many things, like lab results, current prescriptions, and medical imaging. Effectively utilizing technology encourages the efficient running of operations, concerning staff performance and patient care. Recorded and stored performance metrics can be used to guide in making proactive decisions on treatment options for patients by using the data. Compared to old methods of storing patients’ information, which was both expensive and time-consuming, technological advancements have enabled health care operations to thrive.
Baccalaureate Nurse’s Role
The baccalaureate nurse’s role in supporting the use of information and technology, to improve safety and patient outcomes, indicates the use of different health education promotion campaigns towards enhancing the skills of individuals and families. The baccalaureate nursing program offers an in-depth study of nursing research and leadership programs. The use of information and technology to improve safety and patient outcomes has been promoted by the efficiency and better running of medical facilities realized after embracing the latest trends in technology in the health sector (Nursing Negligence, 2018). Compared to other graduate types, such as those of associate degree nursing programs, baccalaureate nurses are prepared to offer their services by practicing in more than one area in health facilities. For them, using information and technology advancements to improve safety in hospitals is a core requirement for employment and professional development if they wish to practice.
How Nurses Use Technology
In order to make hospital health IT strategies effective, nurses need to embrace the use of technology in the running of and managing of the day to day operations. Nurses, being the core players involved in ensuring the efficient running of hospitals plans, need to understand and know how and when to use the latest health-related technologies. Some of the technologies in the health care system that should be embraced by nurses include surgical and service line technologies, as well as smartphones and tablet applications. By employing smartphone applications, nurses can engage patients from any place and address their problems early on. The nurse can use this information to set up the appropriate care plan and any necessary actions. Patients who are admitted to a clinic can have their information retrieved when they come for a medical checkup. This makes it easy for the nurses to track and understand the progress of the patients and their condition. Such forms of diagnosis also enable both nurses and doctors to make better-informed decisions and treatment options for their patients.
Electric documentation of patient’s medical records provides many features that are designed to improve and increase the utility of medical documentation, consequently, making communication better between the patients, nurses, and doctors. This is brought about by the reliability feature of electronic documentation. Document and data integrity encompass the accuracy of patients’ records and includes patient identification and information governance, as well as auditing the records for the validity of documents. Electronic documentation offers customized tools which assist with documentation by including smart phases and templates, but when not used properly, the data integrity can remain questionable. As meaningful use criteria evolve, it’s essential that nurses be involved as key stakeholders in the implementation of EHRs, especially in leading the planning, design, evaluation, and optimization of health IT (Sensmeier, 2011).
The quality of medical care offered to patients can only be compromised if the groups required to offer help to them do not play their roles as required, or the information is distorted. The documentation integrity is at risk when the errors in patient identification records impact a patient’s privacy and security. Such errors can expose patients to duplicate testing and increased costs. If not properly checked, patients’ identification records can increase with the personal health records and Health Information Exchange (HIE) networks where such information proliferates. In order to ensure policies and procedures put in place by organizations run effectively, the nursing team should want and make an effort to conduct business in an ethical manner by providing care, implementing policies and functions in the system to prevent fraudulent actives which can put at-risk patients (Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology for Nursing Practice, 2018). To guarantee that is accomplished, an organization may introduce fraud prevention education programs, which offer security and integrity training to staff members, who are the primary users of the organization data.