Identify your specialty area of NP practice my specialty is psychiatric nurse practitioner.. Select a nursing theory, borrowed theory, or interdisciplinary theory provided in the lesson plan or one of your own findings. Address the following:
Meaning and scope
Usefulness and simplicity
Finally, provide an example how the theory could be used to improve or evaluate the quality of practice in your specific setting. What rationale can you provide that validates the theory as applicable to the role of the nurse practitioner
References within the last 5 years.
Nursing theories act as guiding frames that address the nursing metaparadigm concepts: health, person, nursing, and environment. My area of specialty is Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner. I have found Peplau’s interpersonal theory that I need to comprehend. The theory originated from Hildegard Peplau, who is considered the Father of Psychiatric Nursing, in 1952, and then its formulation was influenced by the Sullivan’s Interpersonal theory. Peplau’s interpersonal theory perceives nursing as an interpersonal process between two or more individuals directed towards attaining a specific therapeutic objective (Borges et al., 2018). This nursing theory focuses on nurses’ interpersonal relationships with their patients. It is applicable in all nursing specialties. Hildegard Peplau believed that nurses’ interpersonal competencies are critical in helping patients regain their health and wellbeing. The interpersonal competencies are based on the ability of the healthcare professional to comprehend their behavior. Additionally, the theory stress that nurses need to feel within themselves and integrate what others are communicating non-verbally or verbally. I believe this theory can be applied in all nursing specialties.
This theory has logical adequacy since it emphasizes the therapeutic relationship between a nurse and a patient, a critical component of any therapy process. A positive therapeutic relationship between the nurse and the patient helps the nurse understand the patient’s preferences regarding their surroundings, making them trust the care being provided and feel safe. This makes the theory logically sufficient. In addition, the approach is simple to use since it is divided into distinct phases such as the introductory, working, orientation, and ending process. These phases are crucial for nursing care.
Additionally, the interpersonal relationship theory has the aspect of generalizability since interpersonal relationships are at the heart of any clinical situation and can be applied in any context. Moreover, Different nursing researchers have put this hypothesis to test in clinical contexts. For instance, in a study that was conducted on assessing the impacts of motivation interviewing using a group art therapyprogram on negative symptoms of schizophrenia, they confirmed the importance of intervention effects through measures of negative symptoms, interpersonal relationships, and motivation and pleasure (Cho & Lee, 2018). In conclusion, this approach is significant in psychiatric nursing since it stresses therapeutic communication components such as rapport, warmth, unconditional positive regard, authenticity, and active listening. This theory will help me and other nurses stay within professional boundaries and deal with therapeutic impasses while caring for a client. Additionally, I will use the orientation phase of this theory to jointly work with the psychiatric patient, clarify and gather the crucial information about the client.
Borges, J. W. P., Moreira, T. M. M., & Andrade, D. F. D. (2018). Nursing Care Interpersonal
Relationship Questionnaire: elaboration and validation 1. Revista latino-americana de enfermagem, 25.
Cho, J. M., & Lee, K. (2018). Effects of motivation interviewing using a group art therapy
program on negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Archives of psychiatric nursing, 32(6), 878-884.