NURS 4115 Week 1 Discussion
NURS 4115 Week 1 Discussion – The Role of the Nurse in Global Health
Healthcare burden is a common problem to both developed and developing nations due to shortages in healthcare workforce, high costs incurred for the services and minimal coordination of care among others. Germany, in particular, provides services compared to India. However, both nations exhibit a rise in chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease as well as expensive healthcare services such as medical drugs. These diseases are heightened in the nations due to a…
NURS 4115 Role of the Nurse in Public and Global Health Week 1 Discussion
NURS 4115 Week 1 Discussion
In this weekâ€™s media presentation, Dr. Louise Fitzpatrick shared how health and disease are global issues. She pointed out that with the mobility of todayâ€™s population, health issues experienced in one area of the world are easily brought to other areas of the world through such means as travel and immigration. They can also be brought to a nationâ€™s doorstep through the migration of animals, insects, and birds. Consider the spread of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, avian flu, H1N1, or SARS. These diseases have quickly crossed oceans and spread to multiple countries. They are a public health concern in the United States as well as other countries. NURS 4115 Week 1 Discussion
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To prepare for this Discussion:
Reflect on Dr. Mancusoâ€™s comments in this weekâ€™s media presentation; specifically, on the role of the BSN nurse in public and global health.
Select one health problem that you will use as a basis of comparison between countries.
Identify one developed and one developing country.
Compare and contrast the health problems and countries you selected with the United States in terms of World Health Organization (WHO) outcomes. In your analysis, be sure to include information about workforce availability to deal with the countryâ€™s disease burden.
Based on your examination of the research, how well is the United States performing in terms of public health as compared to the developed and developing countries you selected?
Think about what countries with worse outcomes could learn from countries with better outcomes.
Think about why nurses should be concerned with global health issues and what the role of the nurse should be in public health.
By Day 3
Post your analysis of one health problem between one developed and one developing country in comparison with the United States in terms of the WHO outcomes and criteria listed above. State your opinion about how well the United States is doing in terms of public health. Share what you think countries with worse outcomes could learn from countries with better outcomes. Explain the nurseâ€™s role in public and global health and why nurses should be concerned with global health issues. Conclude by summarizing your view of the role of the nurse in public health.
Support your response with references from the professional nursing literature.
The Role of the Nurse in Global Health
Healthcare burden is a common problem to both developed and developing nations due to shortages in healthcare workforce, high costs incurred for the services and minimal coordination of care among others. Germany, in particular, provides services compared to India. However, both nations exhibit a rise in chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease as well as expensive healthcare services such as medical drugs. These diseases are heightened in the nations due to a poorly coordinated health care system coupled with a workforce shortage.
High Chronic Infections
Chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, respiratory diseases and cardiovascular diseases have resulted in 57 million deaths by the year 2008. These diseases have high mortality, morbidity and risk factors in both Germany and India. However, India exhibits high prevalence rates of chronic infections especially non-communicable diseases by 40% in all hospital stay and 30% of outpatients than Germany due to the inadequate facility. India has higher death rates of chronic diseases of 53% and 44% disabilities due to chronic diseases (Khosla, Patel & Sharma, 2012). There has been dwindling shift of the policy makers to prioritize the healthcare sectors to include prevention approaches as well as a low investment on personnel and formal systems towards such infections amidst every increasing population. On the other hand, Germany has lower chronic disease prevalence. However, cardiovascular diseases are responsible for 39.7% deaths while new cases of cancers are at 16% which results in 25% of deaths in Germany (Schoen et al., 2010). NURS 4115 Week 1 Discussion
High Healthcare Costs
Both India and Germany exhibit high costs in healthcare services in both the public and private entities. Healthcare in Germany contributes to $ 500 every month for the employed and employers while the self-employed patients experience full payment. The same high costs in healthcare service delivery are experienced in India with worse cases of burden due to higher costs. For example, the allopathic services provided in India are expensive which cannot be accessed by the common man coupled with high prices on drugs (Khosla, Patel & Sharma, 2012).
Comparison of the Nations with the USA
Comparisons of the nations with the USA reveal similarities. The countries exhibit high rates of chronic infections, and citizens experience high costs in healthcare coupled with low healthcare professionals. However, German and USA have different coordinated care systems. While the USA face high fragmentation and privatized system in preventive and patient-centered care with no universal access to the healthcare system, Germany has a fairly fragmented system with universal access to the healthcare system. In some cases, the nurses provide uncoordinated healthcare delivery which results in increased healthcare problems (Schoen, et al., 2005). However, these nations have improved healthcare outcome due to proper planning of the limited resources that are channeled towards quality healthcare delivery, proper reorientation of the healthcare system and proper management that are patient centered. The Indian government should implement all these activities that experience poor outcome to exhibit a shift in healthcare outcome regarding higher quality with reduced mortality (Schoen, et al., 2005) NURS 4115 Week 1 Discussion.
Role of Nurse
Nurses are instrumental in ensuring the provision of quality healthcare delivery at the global level. However, the increased burden on the healthcare system is brought about by the high healthcare costs, uncoordinated healthcare delivery and a shortage of nurses which leads to high nurse-patient ratios. Conversely, the nurses should deliver high-quality care through the provision of well-coordinated services (Khosla, Patel & Sharma, 2012).
In conclusion, healthcare problems are exhibited in both developed and developing nations especially in Germany and India. Such burdens are also experienced in the USA though the management of such issues varies in these nations. Comparisons of the burden in both nations with the USA reveal similarities with differences regarding quality in healthcare delivery. Germany, in particular, has a higher quality of healthcare delivery at low cost compared to the USA while both countries are superior in care provision compared to India. However, the healthcare burden is exhibited in the three nations due to nurse workforce shortage against the high population especially the old age who need care. Thus, the healthcare professional should ensure the provision of well-coordinated healthcare services that are patient-centered NURS 4115 Week 1 Discussion.
Khosla, D., Patel, F. D., & Sharma, S. C. (2012). Palliative care in India: current progress and future needs. Indian Journal of palliative care, 18(3), 149.
Schoen, C., Osborn, R., Huynh, P. T., Doty, M., Zapert, K., Peugh, J., & Davis, K. (2005). Taking the pulse of health care systems: experiences of patients with health problems in six countries. Health Affairs-Millwood VA Then Bethesda MA-, 24, W5.
Schoen, C., Osborn, R., Squires, D., Doty, M. M., Pierson, R., & Applebaum, S. (2010). How health insurance design affects access to care and costs, by income, in eleven countries. Health Affairs, 10-1377 NURS 4115 Week 1 Discussion.