Discussion 1 400 words
How has birth control (voluntary or involuntary) affected the lives of women? Cite major initiatives and the people responsible for them to support your argument.
Reply 1 Creighton 60 words
Birth control has given women some substantial advances that will could be obtained without it, do make it much easier. A reaction to the use of birth control by woman, children are more likely to be born to parents that are ready for the challenge. That preparation can come from parents making being able to establish their finances in a manner that will allow for the spending that comes with a new baby, or even being ready for the mental exhaustion most parents find themselves in the first few months that a baby is home. Its also reported by Conde-Agudelo et al. (2006) & Zuckerman et al. (2014) that the ability to space siblings out at least 18 months apart significantly increases the newborns health (Crooks et al., 2020). In addition to this preparation the choice to become pregnant or not has given women the opportunity to become equal partners with men in business and modern society.
Voluntary birth control such as “the pill” has significantly benefited women in different aspects of their lives, it has not always been that way. In the 1912 case Buck v. Bell the supreme court upheld a ruling to sterilize a woman who had been deemed feeble-minded and promiscuous. At this time Virginia lawed allowed for this procedure to be done on mental unfit people and the state argued that her condition was genetic and could be inherited. This is something we know to be completely false now. I could only imagine the mental effects this procedure had on Carrie Buck. This act would never be sanctioned in today’s time and more than likely was carried out numerous times in this dark time. Situations like this are also a reference to why such a massive reform in the Psychological community was necessary.
Reply 2 Destiny 60 words
Birth control has made an impact on women both voluntary and involuntary. Allowing women to obtain birth control under the age of 21 has been influential in enabling women in college to stay in school. College enrollment was 20% higher in women with access to birth control, then those who didn’t, in the 1970s. Between 1969-80, the dropout rate among women with access to the pill was 35% lower then women without access. Allowing women to have access to birth control before age 21 has allowed access to both availability to have children and pursue higher education. The pill has allowed access to higher education and has been a major driver in women pursing skilled careers like medicine, dentistry, and law. The number of women who complete 4+ years of college is six times what it was before birth control became legal. 28 states have contraceptive equity laws requiring health plans to provide coverage for all FDA approved contraceptives’. This helping women save money and remove barriers to contraceptives’ saving. The help of paying for birth control has reduced a burden on young women and reduce teen permanency. The rate of teenage pregnancy’s has declined in the last 40 years. An analysis of NSFG found that contraception accounts for 86 percent of recent decline in teenage pregnancy. Family planning and the use of contraceptives has helped reduce the numbers of unintended pregnancies and abortions. Other benefits of oral birth controls have been found to reduce the risk of ovarian and endometrial cancers. Birth control voluntary action was to reduce unwanted pregnancy’s its involuntary action was to enable women to continue education, become more financially stable, and decrease risk of other health risk. Although some involuntary means can be beneficial some can be harmful like non consensual sterilization in those with disabilities or illness or limiting the numbers of kids an individual may have, seen in some countries.