Health and Health Care
Within any given area of specialization in health and health care, there are processes, practices, and procedures that are specific to that particular profession. In the same way that the daily activities a nurse engages in while delivering patient care are very different than those of a dentist or a pharmacist, so, too, do the specialty-specific health information needs of these care providers vary. As such, there exists a broad spectrum of specialized standards developed specifically for the representation of health information pertinent to their scope of practice.
Classifications, Vocabularies, and Terminologies: Other Standards in
To prepare for this Discussion, explore specialized standards from across a variety of specialty areas in health and health care, including the Regenstrief Institute’s Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC®) for laboratory and clinical observations, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s National Drug Codes (NDCs), the National Library of Medicine’s RxNorm drug terminology, the American Dental Association’s Current Dental Terminology (CDT), and the American Nurses Association’s Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) system. You will reflect on the historical development, purpose, and specialty-specific use of these specialized standards, while also taking a close look at the specifics of their respective structures and functions.
• How can the structural, functional, and developmental specifics of various specialized standards in health and health care, including those used in nursing and dentistry and those used for the identification of drug information and of laboratory and clinical observations…be identified?
• American Dental Association: Code on Dental Procedures and Nomenclature (CDT)
This page of the American Dental Association’s website briefly explains procedures and terminology and provides access information for individual end users and commercial users.
• Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC®)
This proprietary website, which is managed by the Regenstrief Institute, provides a variety of in-depth information on LOINC®, from its history and development to its ongoing use and maintenance.
• National Association of School Nurses (NASN): Position Statement: Standardized Nursing Languages
This page of the National Association of School Nurses- website explains how the use of standardized nursing languages will promote quality nursing care, validate the effectiveness of school nursing services, and promote research endeavors.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA): National Drug Code Directory
This page of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s website provides an overview of the National Drug Code Directory and explains in detail how the directory is organized.