Healthy People 2030 Goals
Evaluate the Healthy People 2030 goals and summarize two guidelines for health screenings or modifiable risk factors that can be recommended by the advanced practice nurse. Reference and citations required.
Length: A minimum of 275 words, not including references
Citations: At least 3 high-level scholarly references in APA 7 from within the last 5 years.
The Healthy People 2030 initiative’s overall vision is to create a society where individuals attain maximum health and wellbeing potential. To achieve this vision, the initiative focuses on promoting and strengthening the health and wellbeing of everybody in the community. The initiative has many objectives, all aimed at helping the U.S. gain more resilience to public health threats.
One of its goals is to reduce colorectal cancer deaths and increase life expectancy and quality of life of colorectal cancer survivors. Colorectal cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer deaths in the U.S. To help attain this goal, an advanced nurse practitioner can recommend regular colorectal cancer screening (Pronk, Kleinman & Richmond, 2021). According to the USPSTF, adults aged 45 to 75 years should be screened regularly (at least once every 5 years), while those aged beyond 75 should be screened based on their health risks (Joseph et al., 2018). Regular screening facilitates early detection of colorectal cancer; when there are more treatment options, the treatment is more economical, and chances of survival are higher.
Another objective of the Heathy people 2030 initiative is to reduce lung cancer deaths. Lung cancer is one of the most common and deadly cancers in the U.S. There is also a significant disparity in lung cancer death rates, attributed to the difference in access to screening. An advanced nurse practitioner can help achieve this goal by using the USPSTF guidelines to recommend regular lung cancer screening. The USPSTF recommends annual lung cancer screening for cigarette smokers, those with a more than 20-year history of smoking, and those aged 50 years and above. The task force recommends the screening be conducted with a low-dose computed tomography (Richards et a., 2019).
However, based on the USPSTFT guidelines, the advanced nurse practitioner should not recommend lung cancer screening to individuals with conditions that compromise their life expectancy. In additions, individuals not willing to have lung surgery if needed after a positive lung cancer diagnosis should not be recommended for screening. Therefore, the risk and benefits should be weighed during the recommendation process.
- Joseph, D. A., King, J. B., Richards, T. B., Thomas, C. C., & Richardson, L. C. (2018). Peer reviewed: use of colorectal cancer screening tests by state. Preventing chronic disease, 15. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016405/
- Pronk, N. P., Kleinman, D. V., & Richmond, T. S. (2021). Healthy People 2030: Moving toward equitable health and well-being in the United States. EClinicalMedicine, 33. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/eclinm/article/PIIS2589-5370(21)00057-2/fulltext
- Richards, T. B., Doria-Rose, V. P., Soman, A., Klabunde, C. N., Caraballo, R. S., Gray, S. C., … & White, M. C. (2019). Lung cancer screening inconsistent with US Preventive Services Task Force recommendations. American journal of preventive medicine, 56(1), 66-73. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0749379718321639