For the supplied journal article you are asked to evaluate what the authors have written against what the CONSORT statement says should appear in a clinical trial report. Be especially alert for CONSORT criteria that the article wrongly neglects. State, too, what the authors have done particularly well. Therefore, try to identify: a)Important and relevant CONSORT criteria that the authors have met in their report. In this way, you identify where the authors have conformed to CONSORT criteria. b)Important and relevant criteria that the authors have missed. The authors could have overlooked important criteria or incompletely addressed them in the article. In this way, you are identifying where the authors have not conformed to CONSORT criteria. “Important” means that the statement criteria and parts of the article you discuss affect the value of the article for evidence-based practice. You should not attempt to address all criteria. Within the word limit you cannot mention all of the CONSORT criteria, and you are not expected to. Many CONSORT criteria will not even apply to your article, in which case there is no need to mention the irrelevant criteria at all. It is better to address a limited number of important criteria than to discuss unimportant issues superficially. Avoid labouring minor points not affecting the article’s value to an evidence-based practitioner. Write about what a practising clinician would want to know about the research project in order to decide whether the evidence is reliable, valid and useful. You are not evaluating whether the authors have specifically discussed the CONSORT statement. The authors’ job is to describe their research, not to write about the CONSORT. Article authors need not even mention the CONSORT. Your task is to assess how well the research reporting matches CONSORT criteria. There is no need to add a literature review. The CONSORT statement and the supplied journal article are the only sources required. Use additional sources only where they build your argument and justify your conclusions rather than to substitute for your own thinking. It is generally preferable to use no additional sources at all. Naturally, where you use ideas from another source, that source must be cited and referenced.