Explain your diagnosis for the patient, including your rationale for the diagnosis.

Explain your diagnosis for the patient, including your rationale for the diagnosis.

Explain your diagnosis for the patient, including your rationale for the diagnosis. 150 150 Nyagu

Pharmacotherapy for Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Disorders
Pharmacotherapy for Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Disorders

RUBRIC:
-Explain your diagnosis for the patient, including your rationale for the diagnosis.
-Describe an appropriate drug therapy plan based on the patient\’s history, diagnosis, and drugs currently prescribed.
-Justify why you would recommend this drug therapy plan for this patient. Be specific and provide examples
-Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate a continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused–neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance.
-The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, running head, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list. Pharmacotherapy for Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Disorders.

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ASSIGNMENT:
Write a 1-page paper that addresses the following:
-Explain your diagnosis for the patient, including your rationale for the diagnosis.
-Describe an appropriate drug therapy plan based on the patient’s history, diagnosis, and drugs currently prescribed.
-Justify why you would recommend this drug therapy plan for this patient. Be specific and provide examples.
-In this Assignment, examine a case study of a patient who presents with symptoms of a possible GI/hepatobiliary disorder, and you design an appropriate drug therapy plan.
-Reflect on the patient’s symptoms, medical history, and drugs currently prescribed.
-Think about a possible diagnosis for the patient. Consider whether the patient has a disorder related to the gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary system or whether the symptoms are the result of a disorder from another system or other factors, such as pregnancy, drugs, or a psychological disorder.
-Consider an appropriate drug therapy plan based on the patient’s history, diagnosis, and drugs currently prescribed.

Diagnosis and Rationale

The possible diagnosis for the patient includes Crohn disease, hepatitis C, irritable bowel disease or intestinal obstruction. These conditions are known to cause weight loss, fatigue, diarrhea, nausea, and anorexia in patients. However, the information on the patient history is limited hence; several tests need to be done to get a more accurate diagnosis. These tests should include the h.pylori test, stool test, liver function test, baseline test, and abdominal x-ray. It is also important to know whether the drug abuse by the patient involves alcohol and smoking.

Based on the medication the patient is using, the most likely diagnosis is acute gastroenteritis. Symptoms of gastroenteritis include fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and watery diarrhea. The disease transmission is through ingesting contaminated water and foods (Lawrence & Lidbury, 2015) Pharmacotherapy for Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Disorders.

Drug Therapy Plan

The first line of intervention is improved self-hygiene. This is done alongside dosing on anti-diarrheal and anti-nausea medication. An appropriate drug would be 8mg ondansetron, administered three times a day. The dose will need to be adjusted based on the results of the liver function test Pharmacotherapy for Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Disorders. This is because ondansetron is metabolized by the liver (Drugs, 2015). Additionally, the patient will need to take plenty of fluids to replace the lost amount. If diarrhea persists, the patient can be prescribed with loperamide. The patient will have to be discontinued on prednisone without tapering (EASL, 2018).

Justification of Drug Therapy Plan

There is a possibility of upsetting the GI following the discontinuation of prednisone. Prednisone is similar to the adrenal gland produced by cortisol hormone. When the dosage is reduced, the adrenal gland will have a significantly larger chance of resuming its normal function Pharmacotherapy for Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Disorders. Lastly, with the possible hepatitis C diagnosis, the liver is at risk of damage by Synthroid. Thus, the patient should be monitored closely for any adverse effects. To avoid further damage to the liver, the dose should be appropriately adjusted.

References

Drugs.com. (2015). Ondansetron – FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses. Retrieved from http://www.drugs.com/pro/ondansetron.html

European Association for The Study of The Liver. (2018). EASL recommendations on treatment of hepatitis C 2018. Journal of hepatology, 69(2), 461-511.

Lawrence, Y., & Lidbury, J. (2015). Symptomatic management of primary acute gastroenteritis. Today’s Vet Pract, 2015, 46-52. Pharmacotherapy for Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Disorders