Examine Adult-Emergent Disorders week 2
This week’s reading material focuses on assessment, the second step in the Planned Change Process. For this assignment, you will apply both the assessment and diagnostic skills discussed in this week’s material as well as your knowledge of theories â€“ those of human behavior and the social environment, person-in-environment, or other multidisciplinary frameworks- to consider the process of assessment. Assessment is an ongoing process based on information gained in a variety of different ways. This assignment introduces some of the more common ways of getting assessment data and determining a diagnosis when required.
1) Choose one of the following primary adult emergent disorders: Anxiety; Substance Abuse; Mood disorders(especially depression or bipolar disorder).
2) Review the DSM V criteria for the disorder you chose
3) In a written response, address each of the following prompts:
Based on the DSM V criteria for the disorder, what questions would you ask an individual you suspect suffered from that disorder? Would the client be the only source of assessment information or would you ask the client’s permission to interview other people in her life? If so, who would you want to interview and why? If you choose to use the client as your only source of information, why?
Choose one of the primary theoretical perspectives introduced in Human Behavior and the Social Environment (systems, person-in-environment, behavioral, or cognitive) to use as a basis for a second set of questions for the client. List at least eight questions that apply the specific theory to inform your assessment.
There are a variety of client self-screening tools for these adult emergent disorders. Find at least one for your chosen disorder. Describe how you would introduce it to the client and how you would use the results of the screening tool in your assessment.
Find at least three scholarly journal articles that report empirical research on this disorder. What does this evidence suggest are the most effective ways of assessing this particular disorder?
Support your assignment with at least three scholarly resources. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources, including seminal articles, may be included.
Length: 5-7 pages, not including title and reference pages
Your assignment should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts presented in the course by providing new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards.
Examine Adult-Emergent Disorders week 2
Substance misuse has a devastating effect on people, families, and communities. Substance misuse has a cascading impact, causing public, mental, physical, and social health issues that can be expensive to treat. Psychoactive substances, such as alcohol and illegal narcotics, are considered to be substances of abuse. Illicit drug use has significant consequences for the health of society’s members, one of the most serious repercussions. Individuals, families, and society as a whole bear the financial weight of drug use. Sedative use disorder, marijuana use disorder, stimulant use disorder, opioid use disorder, and alcohol use disorder are all examples of major substance abuse disorders. Polysubstance use disorder is a term used to describe the behavior of people with substance use disorder (SUD) who use more than one type of drug. Many programs are needed to treat people with substance use disorders, and no single program will be effective for everyone or every region. Whenever the probability of a substance use disorder (SUD) has been established, for example, by screening, history, or one or more clinical abnormalities, patients are subjected to a drug use disorder evaluation. The goal of an evaluation is to gather all of the information necessary to craft a customized treatment plan for each patient. This paper focuses on the assessment of substance use disorder.
DSM-5 provides the golden standard criteria for assessing patients thought to be suffering from substance use disorder. As per DSM-5, an individual with a substance use disorder (SUD) has a pattern of symptoms that are induced by consuming a drug even if it has negative consequences. Based on these criteria, the following will be the set of questions;
- What are some of the drugs do use longer than intended?
- Have you ever tried to stop their use?
- How often do you experience cravings to use them?
- Do the patients neglect responsibilities at school, work, or home?
- Does the patient neglect desirable or important recreational or social activities due to substance use?
The client will not be the only source of information for the above questions. Therefore, it will be important to request permission to interview other people, including teachers, parents or close family members, friends, workmates, and employers. These people will provide crucial information to some of the above questions, such as whether the client neglect responsibilities at work, school, or at home. For instance, the assessment will rely on friends or close family members to know whether the client gives up on desirable or important social or recreational activities as a result of substance use.
Person-In environment Questions
This perspective focus on the individual surroundings that have the ability to influence their behaviors. It emphasizes the necessity of gaining insight into a person’s behavior and personality through studying their surroundings. Environment and life events influence a person’s perspective on the world, their way of thinking, and the reasons for their behavior. The following are some of the questions based on this perspective;
- Where do you live?
- Do you live alone, with parents, family members, or with friends?
- Do your friends, parents, or family member suffer from substance use?
- Are you employed?
- Have people annoyed you by criticizing your substance use?
- How easy can one access the substance of abuse in your area?
- What substance use is prohibited in your area?
- What is the main source of your substance of abuse?
Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST)
In order to provide a quick and self-reporting tool for population screening, clinical case discovery, and treatment assessment research, the Drug Abuse Screen Test was developed. It is appropriate for usage with both older adolescents and adults. The DAST provides a quantitative measure of the extent of drug abuse’s repercussions. The item is administered in a self-report or interview style and takes around five minutes to complete (Fischer et al., 2021). An index of drug misuse issues can be quickly determined by using the DAST in a wide range of circumstances. In this case, DAST will be administered in an interview style. The clients will respond to the questions posed to them with a “Yes or “No.” Each “Yes” will earn a score of one, and each “No” will earn a score of zero. A total of twenty-eight items will be administered during the test. The interview will take approximately five to ten minutes.
The results from DAST will provide quantitative data that will help diagnose and treat the patient. The results will tell whether the patient is suffering from substance use and what substance use disorder. Based on the DAST results, a score of zero to one will be considered healthy, and no action will be taken. A score of one to six will be considered risky, and the advice will be offered to the client. A score between seven and fifteen will be considered harmful, and brief treatments and interventions will be administered. However, a score above sixteen will be considered dependent, and the client will be referred to specialized treatments.