(Answered) Evidence-Based Proposal and Annotated Bibliography on Technology in Nursing

(Answered) Evidence-Based Proposal and Annotated Bibliography on Technology in Nursing

(Answered) Evidence-Based Proposal and Annotated Bibliography on Technology in Nursing 150 150 Prisc

Evidence-Based Proposal and Annotated Bibliography on Technology in Nursing

Prepare a 4-6 page annotated bibliography in which you identify and describe at least four peer-reviewed publications that promote the use of your selected technology to enhance quality and safety standards in nursing. Be sure that your annotated bibliography includes all of the following elements:

Introduction to the Selected Technology Topic
What is your rationale for selecting this particular technology topic? Why are you interested in this?
What research process did you employ?
Which databases did you use?
Which search terms did you use?
Note: In this section of your bibliography, you may use first-person since you are asked to describe your rationale for selecting the topic and the research strategies you employed. Use third person in the rest of the bibliography, however.
Annotation Elements
For each resource, include the full reference followed by the annotation.
Explain the focus of the research or review article you chose.
Provide a summary overview of the publication.
According to this source, what is the impact of this technology on patient safety and quality of care?
According to this source, what is the relevance of this technology to nursing practice and the work of the interdisciplinary health care team?
Why did you select this publication to write about out of the many possible options? In other words, make the case as to why this resource is important for health care practitioners to read.
Summary of Recommendation
How would you tie together the key learnings from each of the four publications you examined?
What organizational factors influence the selection of a technology in a health care setting? Consider such factors as organizational policies, resources, culture/social norms, commitment, training programs, and/or employee empowerment.
How would you justify the implementation and use of the technology in a health care setting? This is the section where you will justify (prove) that the implementation of the
patient care technology is appropriate or not. The evidence should be cited from the literature that was noted in the annotated bibliography.
Consider the impact of the technology on the health care organization, patientcare/satisfaction, and interdisciplinary team productivity, satisfaction, and retention.

Sample Answer

Introduction to the Selected Technology Topic

            The selected topic is electronic medication administration with barcoding. The technology is a scanning system used to intercept medication errors at the point of drug administration. The technology is commonly used at the bedside where nurses and clinicians scan the bar-codes on a patient’s wristband or the prescribed medication to ensure that they have the right patient, correct medication, dose, and that the time of administration is right.

The RRationale for Selecting the Technology

Barcode technology is an efficient and effective technology in addressing medication errors in the healthcare system as they result in adverse drug events. The current focus in healthcare is on improving the quality of care and enhancing patient safety. Medication errors are a major threat to the patient’s safety and quality of health care despite being preventable. Adverse drug events resulting from medication errors affect nearly half of all hospitalized patients or more, with 18% of the patients being affected by serious ADEs. Estimated costs associated with medication errors are approximately $3.5 billion every year, while the estimated annual deaths associated with medication errors are 7000 deaths (Thompson et al., 2018). Medication errors are therefore a major public health concern that can be addressed by bar-code technology.

Research Process Employed, Databases Used, and Search Items Used

            The research process commenced with selecting the topic and determining the most efficient databases to generate the most relevant study materialsI utilized CINHAL and PubMed databases to locate articles. Major search items used include phrases such as ‘bar-code technology,’ ‘barcoding, ‘ electronic medication,’ and ‘use of barcoding in medication administration. The search was limited to articles published within the last five years and those available in full.

Annotation Elements

Thompson, K. M., Swanson, K. M., Cox, D. L., Kirchner, R. B., Russell, J. J., Wermers, R. A., … & Naessens, J. M. (2018). Implementation of bar-code medication administration to reduce patient harm. Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Innovations, Quality & Outcomes2(4), 342-351.


The focus of the research article was assessing the impact of implementing bar-code medication administration technology on the rate of errors linked to medication administration in the inpatient setting. The article focused on those errors that affect the patient and result in patient harm.

The aim of the study was to assess the impact of bar-code medication administration technology on medication administration errors. The study involved inpatient nursing units at a large academic medical center. The technology was administered from September 2008 to October 2010, w8ith approximately 3100 nurses being trained. The study’s findings indicated that implementation of the bar-code medication administration led to a 43.5% reduction in medication administration errors and a 55.4% decrease in actual patient harm events. The findings also indicated that bar-code technology facilitates further reduction of errors as the technology prevents potential medication administration errors at the bedside. The study was unique as it focused on reported adverse events and focused on an inpatient setting.

The findings of the source indicate that bar-code medication administration technology increases patients’ safety and improves the quality of care by reducing the rate of harmful medication errors. The study reported a 43.5% error reduction. The study reported no medication errors associated with bar-code technology. The number of patients affected by medication errors reduced significantly. The relevance of the technology to the nursing practice is that nurses can care for patients more efficiently. They, however, require proper training to attain the competence required. The work of the interdisciplinary teams is enhanced as unnecessary consultation is reduced, increasing the team’s productivity. It is important for healthcare professionals to read the resource as it presents findings current findings from event-reporting methodology as opposed to observation by individuals.

Naidu, M., & Alicia, Y. L. Y. (2019). Impact of Bar-Code Medication Administration and Electronic Medication Administration Record System in Clinical Practice for An Effective Medication Administration Process. Health11(05), 511.     https://www.scirp.org/html/6-8204580_92509.html