Discussion: Nursing Theory Development

Discussion: Nursing Theory Development

Discussion: Nursing Theory Development 150 150 Prisc

Discussion: Nursing Theory Development

Discussion: Nursing Theory Development

Nursing theory is significant to the nursing profession since it guides nursing practice. Nursing theories give nurses a framework to guide nursing practice as well as a methodical prescription of action and a sound theoretical base (Quinn & McDonough, 2019). They present the principles that support nursing practice and help produce additional nursing knowledge. It is essential for NPs since nursing theory-guided practice enhances the quality of clinical care since it enables NPs to express the interventions they implement in patient care and their rationale (Younas & Quennell, 2019). Nursing theories help NPs to define their beliefs and values about human health and seek a deep understanding of patient care interventions. Besides, they influence NPs to recognize and evaluate their roles in various patient care settings.

Nursing theory is important for NPs because NP practice is rooted in critical thinking and understanding the theoretical background. For instance, Roy’s Adaptation theory enables NPs to understand that individuals’ behavior is influenced by an interconnected set of psychological, biological, and social systems. Therefore it informs NP practice as the NP takes action directed towards achieving a state of relative balance in each system (Quinn & McDonough, 2019). This promotes the regularity of function and the ability of every patient to adapt positively to environmental stimuli. Furthermore, nursing theories guide NPs in evaluating patient care and identifying treatment interventions based on the evaluation findings. They also provide NPs with the rationale when making certain patient care decisions. Nevertheless, nurses and NPs should understand that no one nursing theory stands alone as the most appropriate to guide nursing practice (Quinn & McDonough, 2019). Therefore, they need to mostly find a combination of relevant theories for their specific patient populations.

Discussion: Nursing Theory Development References

Quinn, B. L., & McDonough, A. (2019). Nursing Theory in Hospital Models of Care. AJN The American Journal of Nursing119(12), 11. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000615708.01269.21

Younas, A., & Quennell, S. (2019). Usefulness of nursing theory-guided practice: an integrative review. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. doi:10.1111/scs.12670

Only to Read!

Class 2 Unit 8 Overview and Outcomes (F)

Theory Testing and Theory Evaluation

This unit discusses the steps in the process of theory development.

So, how did we get here anyway?

Theories and models sound very nice, but who came up with them, why did they come up with them, and how did they prove them?

Did someone actually sit down one day and say, “Today, I am going to create a theory”?

This is not the way most theories are created. The process moves from creating a conceptual model to writing the theory and then empirical testing so what do these terms mean?

C- Conceptual model is a way of describing the anecdotal evidence that you are experiencing in your practice. For example you notice every time, “x” occurs “y” results. You ask yourself why this is happening. You try to explain the concepts that are occurring. As you discussed in the Unit 7 Assignment, the model precedes a theory.

T- Theory is a way of explaining what you found in the conceptual model. It predicts what will happen when certain conditions occur.

E- Empirical indicators are another way of saying data. Whether the data is quantitative or qualitative in nature the evidence that is gathered by the researcher is used to show that the theory adequately describes that which is being examined. While anecdotal evidence which you observe in everyday life, began the process by helping us create a conceptual model. Empirical evidence helps us show that the theory created from the model has the ability to describe something.

After completing this unit, you should be able to:

· Arrange the steps in the process of theory development.

· Compare and contrast theory development to the nursing process.

Discussion: Nursing Theory Development

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

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The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.


Discussion Questions (DQ)

Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.

Weekly Participation

Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.

APA Format and Writing Quality

Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.

Use of Direct Quotes

I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.

LopesWrite Policy

For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.

Late Policy

The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.


Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.