Descriptive Quantitative Study

Descriptive Quantitative Study

Descriptive Quantitative Study 150 150 Peter

Descriptive Quantitative Study

Review the Week 7 Learning Resources.
– Descriptive quantitative study on your topic and prepare a brief description of the study from the below article.

Kahan, David; McKenzie, Thomas L. American Journal of Public Health, Apr2015, Vol. 105 Issue 4, p653-659, 7p, 1 Diagram, 2 Charts, 1 Graph; DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302355
https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302355

childhood obesity in elementary schools related to decreased access to physical education

Post an analysis of the descriptive study you selected. Provide a brief description of the study and answer all the indicated “To Prepare questions about the study. Be specific. Then, pose any questions to colleagues you have from your examination of this research study.

TO PREPARE:
Consider the following questions about the study you choose and reflect on how to address them in your Discussion post:
o Do the concepts, theory, and research design all align? Why or why not?
o Is the method clearly explained? Why or why not?
o Why is a descriptive quantitative method appropriate for this study?
o How is a descriptive quantitative approach demonstrated in the study?
o Is the data collection method explained clearly enough that you could replicate this study? Why or why not?
o What method was used for data analysis?
• Reflect on additional questions prompted by this article and the focus on descriptive quantitative research design’ to pose to colleagues for guidance.
With these thoughts in mind …

LEARNING RESOURCES MUST USE A MINIMUM OF TWO OF THE BELOW RESOURCES
Gray, J. R., & Grove, S. K. (2021). Burns and Grove’s the practice of nursing research: Appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence (9th ed.). Elsevier.

  • Chapter 3, “Introduction to Quantitative Research” (pp. 46–74)
  • Chapter 10, “Quantitative Methodology: Noninterventional Designs and Methods” (Descriptive Designs, pp. 248–252)
  • Chapter 5, “Research Problem and Purpose” (Examples of Research Topics, Problems, and Purposes for Different Types of Research: Quantitative Research; Table 5.1: Descriptive Research, Correlational Research, pp. 116–119)

Sample Paper

Descriptive Quantitative Study

Alignment of Concepts, Theory, and Research Design

Alignment entails consistency in using and relating concepts, theories, and methodology throughout a study. The article’s concepts include physical education, overweight and obesity, and energy expenditure among school-goers. The paper lacks a distinctive theoretical framework but has a solid research design that seeks to describe the concepts and identify their relationships. The consistency is evident from the background, where the authors introduce the concepts and their significance to the methodology, where they describe the process of evaluating them (Kahan & McKenzie, 2015). Hence, the design and concepts align.

Methodology

The authors described their methodological approach by exploring the sampling process, including the inclusion/exclusion criteria. The criteria help define the study’s target population (Patino & Ferreira, 2018). Next, the researchers described the characteristics of physical education (PE) classes. This definition helps the audience understand the variations in minimum activity threshold for different states and how that might affect the results. Finally, the authors presented the necessary formulas and data calculations, crucial to understanding the intended data interpretation process. Thus, the methodology explanation is clear and adequate.

Appropriateness of Approach

The descriptive quantitative method is appropriate for this study since it facilitates data comparison (Office of Research and Doctoral Services, 2015). The researchers could compare various metrics, such as annual energy expenditure across different states. The researchers could also identify trends, such as how energy expenditure changes according to grade or gender. Therefore, the descriptive quantitative approach allowed the researchers to collect comprehensive data and describe their phenomenon.

Proof of Use of Descriptive Approach

The study demonstrated various features of descriptive quantitative research. First, there is no control (McCombes, 2020). The researchers do not attempt to control any variable but instead focus on observing, measuring, and analyzing the phenomenon without interfering with it. Descriptive studies are also cross-sectional (Gray & Grove, 2021), which is the case with the current one. The data collection occurs instantaneously, and there is no follow-up to check how it changes in the future. Therefore, the study complies with the requirements of descriptive quantitative research.

Data Collection Process

The data collection process description is shallow. For instance, the authors do not show how they used the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) guidelines to estimate energy expenditure. There is also no description of their sources for the state-based data. The only full data collection description involves the step-wise energy expenditure calculation procedure. Therefore, the overall data collection description is insufficient to replicate the study.

Data Analysis

The researchers used a graphical/tabular method for data analysis. They grouped the data into logical groups, such as age, gender, and reporting authority (NASPE or State). Then, they constructed appropriate tables and cumulative graphs to present the same data. Hence, the study does not use complex analytical processes and relies on basic arithmetic knowledge.

Reflection

The study highlights some essential components of descriptive studies. However, there are significant gaps, such as the lack of a systematic data collection approach. The research also does not provide demographic data of the participants. Therefore, it is difficult to tell the number of participants for each category. Finally, the study lacks comprehensive data analysis. It would have been more informative if the authors had performed statistical or regression analysis since one could tell the potential and actual impact of PE on childhood obesity. These shortcomings generate the following questions: how important is a systematic data collection approach to descriptive quantitative studies? Are participants’ particulars essential to determining the clinical significance of descriptive research findings? How do analytical methods enhance the effectiveness of descriptive quantitative studies?

References

Gray, J. R., & Grove, S. K. (2021). Burns and Grove’s the practice of nursing research: Appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence (9th ed.). Elsevier.

Kahan, D., & McKenzie, T. L. (2015). The Potential and Reality of Physical Education in Controlling Overweight and Obesity. American Journal of Public Health, 105, 653-659. https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302355

McCombes, S. (2020, Sep. 3). Descriptive research. https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/descriptive-research/

Office of Research and Doctoral Services. (2015, Aug. 13). Overview of quantitative research [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwU8as9ZNlA

Patino, C. M., & Ferreira, J. C. (2018). Inclusion and exclusion criteria in research studies: definitions and why they matter. Jornal brasileiro de pneumologia, 44(2), 84. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1806-37562018000000088