1-1 Discussion: Creating Your Own Theory Of Personality
In this module, you will begin to explore the psychological study of personality. As you begin this course, you likely have a lot of thoughts and reflections about your own personality and the personality of others. Before we dig into the work of prominent theorists, let’s begin by creating a theory of personality.
For your initial post, create your own theory of personality. By theory, we mean a set of interrelated principles based on your observations and experiences. The questions provided below will help you shape your answer. Your theory should be about 6 to 12 sentences and include examples or observations about yourself or others to back up your assertions. Address the following questions in your theory:
- How can you observe personality?
- Does nature or nurture play a larger role in personality development? Justify your response.
- What is the value of studying personality in yourself and others?
- Is personality changeable? Does it shift over time? Does it depend on the situation?
Next, describe how studying personality connects to one of the following programmatic themes:
- Social justice
- Emotional intelligence
- Career connections
Remember to respond to two peers while being respectful of and sensitive to their viewpoints. Consider advancing the discussion in the following ways:
- Post an article, video, or additional research to reinforce a peer’s idea or challenge them to see their point from a different perspective.
- Engage in conversation with your peers around their theory of personality. Consider asking a question or sharing your own personal experience.
To complete this assignment, review the Psychology Undergraduate Discussion Rubric. You will also need:
What is Personality?
Personality is made up the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings and
behaviors that make a person unique. Personality arises from within the individual
and remains fairly consistent throughout life.
What Is Development?
Development describes the growth of humans throughout the lifespan, from
conception to death. The scientific study of human development seeks to
understand and explain how and why people change throughout life. This includes
all aspects of human growth, including physical, emotional, intellectual, social,
perceptual, and personality development.
Personality development is the development of the organized pattern of
behaviors and attitudes that makes a person distinctive. Personality development
occurs by the ongoing interaction of temperament, character, and environment.
Personality Development quintessentially means enhancing and grooming
one’s outer and inner self to bring about a positive change to your life. Each
individual has a distinct persona that can be developed, polished and refined. This
process includes boosting one’s confidence, improving communication and language
speaking abilities, widening ones scope of knowledge, developing certain hobbies
or skills, learning fine etiquettes and manners, adding style and grace to the way
one looks, talks and walks and overall imbibing oneself with positivity, liveliness
Three aspects of personality
In simple terms, it is made up of three aspects namely:
Personality development is the improvement of behavior, communication
skills, interpersonal relationships, attitude towards life and ethics. Character can be
considered the basic factor in determining an individual’s personality. There are
several psychologists who say that improving character and behavior alone will
largely influence one’s personality.
Good behavior and co-operation makes a man popular. As a result,
the possibilities of his progress and success are much more.
The person who wants to improve his personality has to have a desire and
determination; he has to identify the direction for his goals to achieve it. Once all the
above three steps are taken he has to dedicate himself to the task of achieving his goal.
Every human being is a unique creature. Therefore, in addition to the various common
components, each one should develop his or her characteristics of personality.
Components of personality
Personality is what makes a person a unique person, and it is recognizable soon
after birth. A child’s personality has several components: temperament, environment, and
Temperament is the set of genetically determined traits that determine the child’s
approach to the world and how the child learns about the world. There are no genes that
specify personality traits, but some genes do control the development of the nervous
system, which in turn controls behavior.
A second component of personality comes from adaptive patterns related to a
child’s specific environment. Most psychologists agree that these two factors—
temperament and environment—influence the development of a person’s personality the
most. Temperament, with its dependence on genetic factors, is sometimes referred to as
“nature,” while the environmental factors are called “nurture.”
Finally, the third component of personality is character—the set of emotional,
cognitive, and behavioral patterns learned from experience that determines how a person
thinks, feels, and behaves.
Learning and Personality Development
Learning is a very important part in the development of someone’s personality,
and two learning processes are especially important: operant conditioning and
Operant Conditioning & Personality
Operant conditioning takes place when a reinforcer shapes a behavior. A
reinforce is something which increases the occurrences of a particular type of behavior.
If we apply this to personality development, it becomes obvious why learning plays an
important role in the type of personality we have.
Observational Learning & Personality
Observational learning is another form of learning which plays a highly
influential role in shaping our personality.
Observational learning occurs when you watch someone else (a role model), and then
attempt to imitate their behavior and incorporate it as your own.
Heredity refers to those factors that were determined at conception. Physical
structure, facial attractiveness, gender, temperament, muscle composition and reflexes,
energy level, and biological rhythms are characteristics that are generally considered to
be completely or substantially influenced by who your parents were, that is by their
biological, physiological and inherent psychological make up.
The environmental factors that exert pressures on our personality formation are
the culture in which we are raised, our early conditioning, the norms among our family,
friends and social groups, and other influences that we experience.
A third factor, the situation, influences the effects of heredity and environment on
personality. An individual’s personality although generally stable and consistent, does
change in different situations. The varying demand of different situation calls forth
different aspects of one’s personality.
Personality Development and how it can change our life:
There are various factors you will need to consider for personality development so
that it has a positive effect on your life. Personality development is all about your
individualism and how you control your emotions to act in a way that is most beneficial
High self-esteem leads to a happy, gratifying and powerful life. Unless you
perceive yourself as worthwhile, you cannot have high self-esteem. All great world
leaders and teachers throughout history have concluded that one must be internally driven
in order to be success.
Importance of Positive Attitude
Positive attitude can do wonders. It can make possible what is seemingly
impossible for the others. Positive attitude is the seed out of which positive traits, which
are essential for success sprout forth. It is the positive attitude again which waters and
feeds the sapling of positive traits.
Why Personality Development is Important
A person’s personality is defined by their characteristics, behaviors, thoughts, and
feelings. These aspects start developing during childhood, and are strengthened and
molded as the person grows into adulthood.
A very important thing you need to remember is that your personality, regardless
of what it is now, can develop and evolve. The significance of this understanding is that
you can still do something about your personality today, which means that if you think
your personality needs to be changed or improved, then you can make this happen.
Why is personality development important? The following points will help you
Your Personality Will Help You Build Strong Personal Relationships
Your Personality Will Dictate Success in Your Career
Personality Development Helps You Improve