confirming and validating empiric knowledge essay
Confirming and validating empiric knowledge essay
This week’s content addressed the steps for confirming and validating empiric knowledge. Using the assigned readings and your professional experience as a starting point, answer the following:
1. Consider the signs and symptoms you personally associate with an abstract concept in your daily professional practice (e.g., grief, anxiety, fear, pain, etc). How do you know if these are “true” indicators of what the patient is actually experiencing? Provide a supporting rationale.
2. Discuss the role of empirical assessment in confirmation and validation of empiric knowledge in relationship to the abstract concept you identified in #1.
3. Identify and discuss a tool that could be used to empirically assess the abstract concept. In your discussion, state which theory the tool was derived from. confirming and validating empiric knowledge essay.
ORDER A CUSTOM-WRITTEN, PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE
700 Week 9 Discussion
The symptoms and signs that I associate with an abstract concept in my daily professional practice include anxiety. This is a true indicator of what the patient is actually experiencing because illness and pain are associated with stress that brings anxiety because patients are anxious about their recovery while patients with terminal illness may be anxious about their chances of surviving (Borimnejad et al, 2017). For example, according to Bennett et al (2017) manifestations of concept of anxiety may include the patient shaking, being overly quiet, crying, compulsive eating, failure to eat, as well as the patient refusing to eat.
The role of empirical assessment in confirmation and validating empiric knowledge in regard to anxiety as the abstract concept is to identify the level of worry and anxiety patients are experiencing. This is because behaviors associated with anxiety may not always be consistent with the theoretic concept. anxiety is an abstract concept and hence conveys something already in existence, it is important to identify anxiety, understand how it works, and establish how individuals experience anxiety differently. Therefore, the nurse should draw from their experience regarding anxiety in order to gauge empiric behaviors one has identified (Bennett et al, 2017).
There are tools available to assess the anxiety concept using empiric indicators such as crying, worrying, loss of appetite, fear of impending doom, etc. Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) is a tool that can be used to assess anxiety in patients (Ju et al, 2018) confirming and validating empiric knowledge essay. HAM-A measures the level of anxiety in patients by rating the anxiety symptoms. The tool measures both somatic anxiety and psychic anxiety in patients (Porter et al, 2017).
Bennett, P. N., Wang, W., Moore, M., & Nagle, C. (2017). Care partner: A concept analysis. Nursing Outlook. 65(2), 184-194.
Borimnejad L, Mardani-Hamooleh M, Seyedfatemi N & Mamak T. (2017). Palliative Nursing for Cancer Patients as an Abstract Concept: A Hermeneutic Study. The Journal of Nursing Research. 2(1). confirming and validating empiric knowledge essay.
Ju H, Kang E, Jeon D, Kim T, Moon J, Choi J & Jung D. (2018). Associations Among Plasma Stress Markers and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression in Patients with Breast Cancer Following Surgery. Psychiatry Investig. 15(2), 133–140.
Porter E, Brian S, Kevin M, Robert D, Holon S & Barber J. (2017). Psychometric Properties of the Reconstructed Hamilton Depression and Anxiety Scales. J Nerv Ment Dis. 205(8), 656–664 confirming and validating empiric knowledge essay.