Consider how you might assess and treat adult and older adult clients presenting symptoms of a mental health disorder.

Consider how you might assess and treat adult and older adult clients presenting symptoms of a mental health disorder.

Consider how you might assess and treat adult and older adult clients presenting symptoms of a mental health disorder. 150 150 Nyagu

Practicum: Decision Tree
Practicum: Decision Tree
For this Assignment, as you examine the client case study in this week’s Learning Resources, consider how you might assess and treat adult and older adult clients presenting symptoms of a mental health disorder.

Learning Objectives
Students will:
Evaluate clients for treatment of mental health disorders
Analyze decisions made throughout diagnosis and treatment of clients with mental health disorders
Examine Case 2: You will be asked to make three decisions concerning the diagnosis and treatment for this client. Be sure to consider co-morbid physical, as well as mental factors that might impact the client’s diagnosis and treatment. Practicum: Decision Tree

BUY A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE
At each Decision Point stop to complete the following:

Decision #1: Differential Diagnosis
Which Decision did you select?
Why did you select this Decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources.
What were you hoping to achieve by making this Decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources. Practicum: Decision Tree
Explain any difference between what you expected to achieve with Decision #1 and the results of the Decision. Why were they different?
Decision #2: Treatment Plan for Psychotherapy
Why did you select this Decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources.
What were you hoping to achieve by making this Decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources.
Explain any difference between what you expected to achieve with Decision #2 and the results of the Decision. Why were they different?
Decision #3: Treatment Plan for Psychopharmacology
Why did you select this Decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources.
What were you hoping to achieve by making this Decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources. Practicum: Decision Tree
Explain any difference between what you expected to achieve with Decision #3 and the results of the decision. Why were they different?
Also include how ethical considerations might impact your treatment plan and communication with clients and their family.

Note: Support your rationale with a minimum of three academic resources. While you may use the course text to support your rationale, it will not count toward the resource requirement. Practicum: Decision Tree

// A young woman with Depression
Case #2
A young woman with Depression

SUBJECTIVE
Stefanie is a 32-year-old female from Puerto Rico who presents to your office today with complaints of difficulty sleeping. You learn that Stefanie can go for a few days with minimal sleep (about 3 hours/night), but does not seem to be fatigued the next day. Stefanie explains that after 3 days with minimal sleep, she “crashes” and has a good night’s sleep. She states that sleep will be “alright” for a few days, even a few weeks, and then she will have a similar issue with sleep.
You learn throughout the assessment process that Stefanie has had this problem for years. She noticed that it began in college and thought it was just because of the workload and academic demands. However, she found that it persisted after college. She also notices that she has periods where she will engage in increased amounts of goal-directed activity. She states that things will just “pile up” at work and she gets this burst of energy to “make everything right.” She states that these bursts will last most of the day. She states that these periods show up probably every 2 to 3 weeks. Practicum: Decision Tree
Stefanie also confesses to problems with being “down in the dumps.” She states that when she has her episodes in which she endeavors to “make everything right,” she feels fantastic and on top of the world. However, when these periods of energy end, she reports that she feels “depressed”—but then states: “well, maybe not depressed, but I definitely feel sad and empty.” She also endorses feelings of fatigue and a decreased ability to concentrate when she is feeling sad. She finally tells you: “I have lived with this for so long, I have to admit that it is finally a relief to tell someone how I feel!”

OBJECTIVE
Stefanie is dressed appropriately to the weather. She has no gait abnormalities. Physical assessment is unremarkable. Gross neurological assessment is within normal limits.

MENTAL STATUS EXAM
Stefanie is alert and oriented × 4 spheres. Her speech is clear, coherent, goal directed, and spontaneous. Self-reported mood is “sad.” Affect does appear consistent with dysphoria. Eye contact is normal. Speech is clear, coherent, and goal directed. She denies visual or auditory hallucinations. No overt evidence of paranoid or delusional thought processes noted. She denies suicidal or homicidal ideation and is future oriented.
At this point, please discuss any additional diagnostic tests you would perform on Stefanie.
Decision Point One Practicum: Decision Tree
BASED ON THE INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THE SCENARIO ABOVE, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DIAGNOSES WOULD THE PSYCHIATRIC/MENTAL HEALTH NURSE PRACTITIONER (PMHNP) GIVE TO STEFANIE?
In your write-up of this case, be certain to link specific symptoms presented in the case to DSM–5 criteria to support your diagnosis. Practicum: Decision Tree

Bipolar I, current phase, depressed

Bipolar II, current phase, hypomanic

Cyclothymic disorder

Decision Point One

Bipolar I, current phase, depressed
Bipolar I, current phase, depressed
Decision Point Two
BASED ON THIS DIAGNOSIS, SELECT YOUR CHOICE OF ACTIONS:

Begin Latuda 40 mg orally daily

Lamictal 100 mg orally daily

Begin psychotherapy using a psychodynamic approach

Decision Point One

BipBipolar II, current phase, hypomanic
olar II, current phase, hypomanic
Decision Point Two
BASED ON THIS DIAGNOSIS, SELECT YOUR CHOICE OF ACTIONS:

Begin Lithium 300 mg orally twice a day

Begin Olanzapine 10 mg orally at bedtime

Begin Abilify 10 mg orally daily Practicum: Decision Tree

Cyclothymic disorder

Cyclothymic disorder

Decision Point Two
BASED ON THIS DIAGNOSIS, SELECT YOUR CHOICE OF ACTIONS:

Begin Depakote 250 mg orally three times daily

Begin Abilify 10 mg orally daily

Arrange to see Stefanie every 3 months for routine follow-up Practicum: