Confederation and Constitution
Pick two (2) issues of the Articles of Confederation and describe the main problems that the United States was faced with under the Federation government.
Analyze two major debates (see textbook Section 7.4) by which the Constitution was created in the summer of 1787.
Then, address one (1) of the following to your initial post:
Discuss the ratification process of the Constitution of 1787.
How did ratification lead to the formation of America’s first two political parties, the Federalists and Anti-Federalist?
What were the major differences between the Federalist and Anti-Federalist, and who were the best-known members of each party?
Confederation and Constitution
After the American Revolution, the thirteen American states came together to form a government. The article of confederation established this first government. However, this first government lasted for nine years. The US constitution replaced the articles of confederation. The major problem that the government of the United States faced under the Articles of Confederation was the refusal to support the national government, and the economy was not stable. Failure to support the federal government made the military and economy weak. (Corbett et al., 2014). States become interested in dealing with their economic problems and trade together. On May 1787 in Philadelphia, the states met a meeting termed the Constitutional Convention.
The ratification process involved the approval of the constitution by the member States. The last article of the constitution, Article VII, required the constitution document approved by at least nine out of the thirteen states before it became the law and the new government formed. The process began with copies of the constitution sent to every state. They were required to accept or reject the constitution (Schwartz et al., 2021). Those who attended the ratification conventions in their States were chosen through popular vote became delegates who represented their states’ interests in the delegates’ convention. The new government could claim that it was ruling with the consent of the citizens since the delegates from each state represented the voice of the people.
The issue of the president’s powers arose and caused the split during the ratification process. The framers of the constitution considered having a government with an army and navy and a government to impose taxes and enforce laws passed by the congress. However, individuals like Patrick Henry from Virginia were opposed to a president with excessive power. He also disapproved of the ability of the government to tax its people. Most of the smaller states were expected to ratify, while the larger states were hesitant since they were to lose power.
Corbett, P., Janssen, V., Lund, J., Pfannestiel, T., & Vickery, P. (2014). U.S. history (pp. 202-210). OpenStax.
Schwartz, D. S., Gienapp, J., Mikhail, J., & Primus, R. (2021). The Federalist Constitution: Foreword. Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper, (1699), 89.https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3844033