Compare and Contrast the Primary Care NP Role
Compare and contrast the primary care NP role with other nursing advanced practice roles and the role of physician assistants. What are the similarities among the roles and what are the differences? What are some growing areas of nursing specialization in nursing, and how do you see this continuing to evolve in the future? For example, informatics and disaster nursing are a growing area of nursing specialization that grow from specific needs in healthcare. What do you envision when you consider the roles of nursing advanced practice in the future?
Compare and Contrast the Primary Care NP Role with other APN Roles and the Role of Physician Assistants. What are the Similarities and the Differences?
The occupations of an NP, APN, and PA share various similarities. They are among the most advanced degrees that one can get in the medical field without becoming a physician. They work closely with physicians in providing care. They are regulated at the state levels; hence their autonomy and limitations differ across states. The NPs and APN are advanced practice nurses and are licensed to diagnose and treat illnesses. They are also licensed to prescribe medication. While NPs provide primary and family care, the other APN provides other types of care, including delivering anesthesia and managing pain, gynecological and obstetrical care, and providing direct care. NPs and PAs work in various clinical settings providing care to patients in urban and rural areas. Both professions are represented by professional organizations that advocate for the well-being of the professionals. The major difference between an NP and PA is that the NP treats patient alongside a physician, although some NPs works independently depending on state regulations while a PA works independently of a medical physician. NP follows a patient-centered model in nursing school, while the PA follows a disease-centered model in medical school (South Shore Orthopedics, 2017).
Growing Areas of Nursing Specialization in Nursing and how I see them Continuing to Evolve
One of the growing areas of nursing specialization is nursing informatics. The growth can be attributed to the need to implement technology in healthcare facilities to improve the quality and safety of care. According to Raghu and Balai (2017), nursing informatics entails the application of computer technology in all nursing fields, including nursing education, research, and services. The area of nursing is growing rapidly due to the realization that data and information in health care can be managed and communicated effectively using computer systems, modems, networks, and telecommunications. As the application of technology in healthcare continues to expand, the role of nursing informatics will continue growing to include various positions and roles. This will result from the demand for competent nurses to implement technology. Disaster nursing as a growing nursing field can be linked to global health issues facing populations. Globalization has changed various aspects, such as the spread of infectious diseases, increasing the demand for adequately trained nurses to respond to disasters. As the role of nurses becomes increasingly recognized in managing global health issues, disaster nursing will continue growing as a nursing specialization.
What I Envision When I Consider the Roles of Advanced Practice in the Future
What I envision about the role of advanced practice in the future can be predicted using the current trends in healthcare. The healthcare industry is currently faced with various challenges, one of them being the shortage of primary care providers. There is increased demand for healthcare services, especially primary care. A significant number of states have recognized the potential for the advanced practice to fill the gap and changed their regulations allowing advanced practice nurses to practice to their full extent. The role of advanced practice has expanded significantly, although regulations related to their scope of practice remain a major concern and barrier (Woo, Lee, & San Tam, 2017). I envision a future where the full potential of advanced practice will be recognized, and regulatory barriers will be eliminated to enable advanced practice nurses to practice to their full authority. This will increase access to health care services for all populations.
Raghu, V. A., & Balai, M. K. (2017). Nursing Informatics: A New Trend in Nursing. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Raghu
South Shore Orthopedics. (2017). Nurse Practitioner vs. Physician Assistant: What’s the Difference.
Woo, B. F. Y., Lee, J. X. Y., & San Tam, W. W. (2017). The Impact of The Advanced Practice Nursing Role on Quality of Care, Clinical Outcomes, Patient Satisfaction, And Cost in The Emergency and Critical Care Settings: A Systematic Review. Human Resources for Health, 15(1), 1-22. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12960-017-0237-9