Community Teaching Work Plan Proposal
Select one of the following as the focus for the teaching plan: I chose
Secondary Prevention/Screenings for a Vulnerable Population
Use the ‘Community Teaching Work Plan Proposal’ resource to complete this assignment. This will help you organize your plan and create an outline for the written assignment. You are required to cite a minimum of three sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years, appropriate for the assignment criteria, and relevant to nursing practice.
Community Teaching Work Plan Proposal
Planning and Topic
Directions: Develop an educational series proposal for your community using one of the following four topics:
- Environmental Issues
- Primary Prevention/Health Promotion
- Secondary Prevention/Screenings for a Vulnerable Population
Planning Before Teaching:
|Name and Credentials of Teacher:
|Estimated Time Teaching Will Last:
|Location of Teaching:
Local healthcare facility
|Supplies, Material, Equipment Needed:
Laptop, projector, marker pens, posters, refreshments.
|Community and Target Aggregate:
African American women.
|Topic: Prevention/Screenings for a Vulnerable Population (Breast cancer screening among African American women)
Identification of Focus for Community Teaching:
Cancer remains to be the second leading cause of death in America. Breast cancer is the second most common cause of death after lung cancer. African American women are particularly at a higher risk of developing breast cancer than white women. The mortality rates for African American women due to breast cancer are also higher than in other ethnic groups. Young African American women are likely to present with the triple-negative subtype of the disease, which is more aggressive than other subtypes and causes higher mortality. Screening is one of the strategies that have been put in place to ensure early diagnosis and prompt treatment. This teaching plan will educate African American women about the need for regular cancer screening as recommended (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2022).
Epidemiological Rationale for Topic
Breast cancer became the most common form of cancer in 2021 globally, accounting for 12% of all new cancer diagnoses. More than 3.8 million women in the US have a history of breast cancer, including those under current treatment and those that have recovered. African American women have a higher risk of developing cancer, about double the risk compared to women from other ethnic groups; this is attributed to the high prevalence of triple-negative phenotype, which is more aggressive and lethal. Among women younger than 45 years, breast cancer cases among African American women are higher at 16 per 100000 compared to 12 per 100000 among whites. The mortality rate for African American women with breast cancer is 31%, the highest among all other ethnic groups. The difference between African American women’s death rates due to breast cancer compared to other ethnic groups is 42% (Breast Cancer Research Foundation, 2022).
Diagnosis will include family history, age, exposure to some drugs, previous radiation treatments, dense breasts, and a history of breast diseases.
Readiness for Learning
Some of the factors that will indicate that the target population is ready to learn include excitement before the beginning of the teaching period, maintaining eye contact with the instructor, projection of smiling and responsive faces, active participation of the audience by asking relevant questions, responding to questions and discussion prompts, mirroring, appropriate posture such as leaning towards the instructor and discussions among themselves (Illeris, 2018).
Learning Theory to Be Utilized
The most appropriate learning theory is Cognitive Theory (Cognitivism). The theory suggests that learners do not just react to stimuli; rather, they process the information they receive, leading to changes in behaviors or their actions. To increase compliance with (Illeris, 2018). The education program aims to improve the screening rates, and therefore it is important to first provide all the relevant information about breast cancer to cause the patients to adopt the right practices.
Healthy People 2020 (HP2020) aims to reduce the number of new cancer diagnoses and disabilities, illnesses, and associated deaths.
How Does This HP2020 Objective Relate to Alma Ata’s Health for All Global Initiatives
Alma Ata’s Health for All Global Initiatives focuses on improving the health status of all people in society. The HP2020 goal of reducing the new cancer diagnosis and the associated health implications aims at improving the quality of life for cancer patients. Therefore, the two are related as they focus on improving the health of individuals and society in general (Healthy People2020, 2022).
Develop Behavioral Objectives (Including Domains), Content, and Strategies/Methods:
(Label and describe)
At the end of the education session, the participants will breast cancer risk factors.
|1. Risk factors associated with breast cancer include age, family and patient history, history of radiation therapy, exposure to carcinogenic drugs, and dense breasts (Heena et al., 2019)||1.
Graphical and charts presentation – data on the association between risk factors and cancer development is available and can be presented using graphs to provide a clear understanding for the participants.
The participants will identify available resources within the community from where they can seek cancer education and screening services.
Almost all healthcare facilities offer some level of cancer screening and education services. However, there are those dedicated to the treatment of cancer.
Show and tell – this involves providing the intended information to the audience. It is most appropriate when the participants are unaware of the required information.
By the end of the education, the participants will be able to explain the importance of early screening for breast cancer.
Early screening allows for the detection of cancers in early stages and, therefore, prompt treatment (Heena et al., 2019).
The participants will have discussions on the perceived benefits.
The participants will be able to identify preventive strategies for breast cancer.
Breast cancer can be prevented by being physically active, maintaining a healthy weight, and following the right diet
(Heena et al., 2019).
Discussions among the participants will be held.
Creativity was demonstrated by developing a graphical presentation that showed the development of breast cancer in the body at different stages and how early detection through screening can assist in prompt treatment to prevent progress to terminal stages. The discussions effectively increased participation during the program and helped the participants share their experiences with breast cancer encounters (Martin et al., 2019).
Planned Evaluation of Objectives
- The participants will identify risk factors for breast cancer. I will measure the participant’s knowledge of breast cancer by asking them to highlight at least four risk factors.
- The participants will identify available resources within the community from where they go for screening. I will assess the participant’s awareness of the resources around them where they can seek assistance. I will measure this by asking them to identify the resources within their locality.
- By the end of the education, the participants will be able to explain the importance of screening. I will assess the participants’ understanding of the need to attend the screening as required by asking them to highlight the benefits of early cancer detection.
- The participants will be able to identify preventive strategies for breast cancer. I will ask the patient to name the interventions they can undertake to lower the risk of developing breast cancer.