Community Action Plan
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Submit an essay of the developed action plan for a community educational project. The project plan should include 2 (two) goals and objectives based on your topic from Healthy People 2020, an implementation plan for implementing these activities, a budget (if necessary, not required), a justification for the project, a description of where and when the plan will be implemented, and a description of the teaching materials which will be utilized during the execution of the project. Then recommend nursing actions/interventions to improve the health concern and achieve your stated goals and objectives. Discuss potential public and private partnerships that could be formed to implement your recommendations and create a timeline (i.e. 3 month, 6 month) for potential expected outcomes.
The assignment should be written in an APA-formatted essay. The essay should be between 1250 and 1500 words in length and include at least two scholarly sources other than provided materials.
I am doing my topic on Covid-19 vaccinations and antigen infusion going to rural areas.
Community Action Plan
Developed Action Plan for a Community Educational Project
Since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic in early 2020, urban communities were the first to be significantly affected by the pandemic. However, as the Covid 19 pandemic has continued to be more prevalent across rural communities’ residents in rural communities have therefore become more liable to Covid 19 associated mortality and morbidity (Sun & Monnat, 2021). By September of 2020, the CDC reported that rural counties surpassed urban counties in the incidence of covid-19 cases. This trend continued through 2021, with COVID 19 in mortality rates being generally higher in rural areas versus urban areas across the US (CDC, 2020). The higher prevalence of covid-19 in rural areas has therefore been regarded as the rural mortality penalty. The high incidence of covid-19 in rural areas and higher risk for covid-19 associated morbidity and mortality have consequently been attributed to the low covid-19 vaccination rates in rural areas (Sun & Monnat, 2021). By the September of 2021, only 45.8% of adults in rural counties of the US had been fully vaccinated compared to only 60% of adults in urban counties. The covid-19 vaccination rates have also been shown to reduce significantly with increasing rurality (Murthy et al., 2021). This paper provides an action plan for a community education project aimed at increasing Covid 19 vaccination rates in rural areas across the US.
Goals and Objectives
Considering the community education project that aims to increase the Covid 19 vaccination rates in rural areas across the US, the healthy people 2020 topic that this would correspond with would be the goal related to immunization and infectious diseases (ODPHP, 2020). One of the central goals of healthy people 2020 is to increase the immunization rates among populations and reduce preventable infectious diseases. (ODPHP, 2020). One of the newest infectious diseases that has been spreading across communities in the US is Covid 19. Since the onset of Covid 19 in the US in early 2020, the disease has infected more than 63 million Americans and caused more than 843000 deaths to date (CDC, 2020). The high prevalence rates of covid-19 and subsequent severe morbidity and mortality associated with the condition have therefore led to the development of vaccinations that help prevent the onset of severe outcomes among patients once infected with the disease. The HP 2020 goal of increasing immunization rates and reducing preventable infectious diseases is therefore in line with the community education project to increase the Covid 19 vaccination rates in rural areas in the US that continue to fall far behind urban areas.
- Increase Covid 19 vaccination sites in rural areas, including more mobile vaccination sites.
- Sensitize rural communities on the importance of covid-19 vaccination in preventing severe morbidity and mortality associated with the disease.
- Increase covid-19 vaccination sites in rural areas by at least 25% within six months
- Boosts the Covid 19 vaccination rates in rural areas by at least 10% in six months.
The community education project that aims at increasing Covid 19 vaccination rates in rural areas across the US would be implemented through eight clear steps. The first step would be to analyze the issue or problem. In the analysis of the issue, the causes of a given problem would be evaluated, including the causes of a given concern. In the community education project, the causes of lower vaccination rates among communities in rural areas will be evaluated. The solutions to boosting the uptake of vaccinations in communities that have been applied in the past would also be considered for the community education project. The second step in implementing the community education project would be the identification of different stakeholders and involving such key stakeholders in the project. In the community education project involving increasing government vaccination rates in rural communities, the various stakeholders would include non-governmental organizations that support vaccination efforts, local councils, local government departments, community groups, local residents, schools, and different citizens and groups (Kuo et al., 2018). The different stakeholders will therefore be involved in understanding the causes of low Covid vaccination rates in rural areas in the most effective strategies that could be adopted to boost the vaccination rates in such communities. The third step in the implementation of the community education project would be to clearly define the target group of the education project. This would include understanding the characteristics of the target group for the community education project and gaining an insight into their knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning covid-19 vaccination. Understanding the views of rural communities related to the Covid-19 vaccine would therefore help in coming up with effective strategies to deal with resistance to vaccinations (Kuo et al., 2018). The first step in the implementation plan would be coming up with clear objectives and outcomes related to the community education project. The objective would therefore include increasing the Covid 19 vaccination rates and sensitizing rural communities on the importance of covid-19 vaccination. On the other hand, the outcomes of the community education projects would include increasing covid-19 vaccination sites in rural areas by at least 25% within six months and boosting the Covid 19 vaccination rates in rural areas by at least 10% in six months (Kuo et al., 2018). The fifth step of the implementation plan would include designing the methods of delivery of the community education project to the target group. Such methods would include community-organized seminars and utilizing local traditional and digital media platforms to reach the target groups. The eight-step of implementing the community education project to improve the rates of Covid 19 vaccinations in rural communities would be to consider the source of funding for the project, which would be either from governmental or non-governmental organizations (Kuo et al., 2018). The seventh step of the implementation of the community education project would be to make an action plan and follow the action plan during the whole education project. The final step in the implementation of the community education plan would be monitoring and evaluating the project and reporting on the impact of the project in boosting the Covid 19 vaccination rates in rural communities
The community education plan aimed at increasing Covid 19 vaccination rates in rural areas across the US is justified because of the economic and social benefits it will bring to the target communities. Since the onset of the covid-19 pandemic in the US at the beginning of 2020, it was estimated that the US economy shrunk at a rate of 4.8% in the first quarter of 2020 and 32.9 in the second quarter (Walmsley et al., 2020). Although a slight economic recovery was realized in 2021, the continued economic recovery as a result of the Covid 19 pandemic is significantly dependent on mass vaccination among communities which can help to reduce the incidence of the emergence of new variants and associated lockdowns (Walmsley et al., 2020). Covid-19 has also caused a lot of deaths, with nearly 843000 US citizens succumbing to the disease by January 2022. Higher Covid 19 vaccination rates are therefore associated with lower morbidity and mortality and less severe cases of Covid 19. Mass Covid 19 vaccination efforts especially targeting rural areas, can be justified because they help in avoiding severe diseases and death when individuals get infected with the virus (CDC, 2020).
Where and When the Plan Will Be Implemented
The communication plan would be implemented in Garfield County, Montana, Which is one of the Counties with the lowest covid-19 vaccination rates in the US with an average 19% vaccination rate Compared to the National rate, which stands at 63%. The community education project aimed at increasing Covid 19 vaccination rates would be implemented for a period of six months.
The teaching materials that would be utilized in the execution of the covid-19 vaccination community teaching project would include a projector, brochures, and flyers. Such resources would therefore be utilized to educate rural communities on the importance of getting the Covid 19 vaccination.
The two main nursing interventions that would be utilized to promote more covid-19 vaccination among rural communities in Garfield County, Montana, would include education and enforcement (Bowling, 2018). Nurses would help to educate communities and alleviate fears related to the Covid 19 vaccine. On the other hand, nurses will play a significant role in identifying communities that are not vaccinated and ensuring that such communities are reached by targeted vaccination drives.
Partnerships and Timeline
The potential public and private partnerships in the Covid 19 vaccination drive among rural communities in the US would include partnering between federal organizations such as the HHS and local media stations to sensitize the public on the importance of Covid 19 vaccinations. An estimated six months would be needed to increase the covid-19 vaccination rates in Garfield County, Montana, from 17% to at least 43%, which would represent a 25% increase in vaccination rates.
In summary, by the September of 2021, only 45.8% of adults in rural counties of the US had been fully vaccinated compared to only 60% of adults in urban counties. The covid-19 vaccination rates have also been shown to reduce significantly with increasing rurality. A community education would therefore be suitable in helping to increase the Covid-19 vaccination rates in rural areas across the US. Such a community education project would therefore correspond with the healthy people 2020 goal related to immunization and infectious diseases. The main goals of the community education project would be to increase Covid 19 vaccination sites in rural areas, including more mobile vaccination sites. The project would also aim to sensitize rural communities on the importance of covid-19 vaccination in preventing severe morbidity and mortality associated with the disease. The community education project would be justified because of the economic and social benefits it would bring to rural communities. The community education project would therefore be implemented in Garfield County Montana which is the county with the lowest Covid-19 vaccination rates in the US for a period of six months.
Bowling, A. M. (2018). Immunizations – Nursing Interventions to Enhance Vaccination Rates. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 42, 126–128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2018.06.009
CDC. (2020, March 28). COVID Data Tracker. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved January 13, 2022, from https://covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/#datatracker-home
Kuo, E. S., Harner, L. T., Frost, M. C., Cheadle, A., & Schwartz, P. M. (2018). Dose as a Tool for Planning and Implementing Community-Based Health Strategies. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 54(5), S110–S116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.01.010
Murthy, B. P., Sterrett, N., Weller, D., Zell, E., Reynolds, L., Toblin, R. L., Murthy, N., Kriss, J., Rose, C., Cadwell, B., Wang, A., Ritchey, M. D., Gibbs-Scharf, L., Qualters, J. R., Shaw, L., Brookmeyer, K. A., Clayton, H., Eke, P., Adams, L., . . . Harris, L. Q. (2021). Disparities in COVID-19 Vaccination Coverage Between Urban and Rural Counties — United States, December 14, 2020–April 10, 2021. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 70(20). https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7020e3
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). (2020). Objectives – Healthy People 2030 | health.gov. Www.Healthypeople.Gov. Retrieved January 13, 2022, from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives
Sun, Y., & Monnat, S. M. (2021). Rural‐urban and within‐rural differences in COVID‐19 vaccination rates. The Journal of Rural Health. https://doi.org/10.1111/jrh.12625
Walmsley, T., Rose, A., & Wei, D. (2020). The Impacts of the Coronavirus on the Economy of the United States. Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, 5(1), 1–52. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41885-020-00080-1