Classifying Drugs

Classifying Drugs

Classifying Drugs 150 150 Peter

Classifying Drugs

Using the text and the Internet, such as the PDR website, classify each of the following drugs and include a generic name, if possible. Also, list the clinical usage of each and the adverse effects that could arise.

Use the Classifying Drugs Template when completing this assignment.
1. Atropine
2. Dexamethasone
3. Adenosine
4. Neo-Synephrine
5. Epinephrine
6. Lanoxin
7. Benydryl
8. Glucagon
9. Vasopressin
10. Nitroglycerin
11. Dopamine

Sample Paper

Drug Classification

 

Drug Generic Name Classification Clinical Usage Adverse Effects
Atropine Atropine Anticholinergic, antispasmodic agent Poisoning by organophosphorus nerve agents (McLendon & Preuss, 2021) Acute glaucoma, urinary retention, and hypersensitivity
Dexamethasone Dexamethasone Corticosteroid Treating ulcerative colitis, lupus, arthritis, psoriasis, and breathing disorders (RxList, 2020) Feeling weak, breath shortness, weak pulse, and convulsions
Adenosine Adenosine Class V antiarrhythmic agent Treating rapid heart rate, diagnosing coronary artery disease (Olson, 2010) Chest pain, dizziness, nausea, hypotension, facial flushing
Neo-Synephrine Phenylephrine Hydrochloride Decongestant Relieving pulmonary congestion caused by the common cold, hay fever, allergies, and sinusitis (Olson, 2010) Running nose, sneezing, mood changes, tremors, and excessive sweating
Epinephrine Epinephrine Alpha/Beta Agonist Treating anaphylaxis and hypotension from septic shock (Olson, 2010) Tremors, anxiety, arrhythmia, and palpitations
Lanoxin Digoxin Antidysrhythmic V, Inotropic Agent Treating heart failure and atrial fibrillation (Olson, 2010) Arrhythmia and digoxin toxicity
Benadryl Diphenhydramine Antihistamine, 1st Generation Antiemetic Agent. Relieving symptoms of common cold, hay fever, and upper respiratory allergies (National Institutes of Health, 2022) Drowsiness, constipation, dry mouth, nose and throat, and blurred vision
Glucagon Glucagon Glycogenolytic agent Treating hypoglycemia associated with Diabetes Mellitus (Olson, 2010) Nausea, vomiting, and necrolytic migratory erythema
Vasopressin Vasopressin Gastrointestinal Agent Preventing and treating postoperative abdominal distention, abdominal roentgenography, and Diabetes Insipidus (Cuzzo et al., 2021) Anaphylaxis, arrhythmia, angina, abdominal cramps, vertigo, tremors, and cutaneous gangrene
Nitroglycerin Nitroglycerin Nitrate, Angina/Vasodilator/Antianginal Agent Preventing angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease (Olson, 2010) Hypotension, headaches, and lightheadedness
Dopamine Dopamine hydrochloride Inotropic Agent Correcting hemodynamic imbalances due to myocardial infarction, trauma, open-heart surgery, septicemia, and renal failure (Olson, 2010). Atrial fibrillation, angina, hypertension, and vasoconstriction

 

References

Cuzzo, B., Padala, S. A, & Lappin, S. L. (2021) Physiology, Vasopressin. In StatPearls [Internet].  StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK526069/

McLendon, K, & Preuss, C. V. (2021) Atropine. In StatPearls [Internet]. StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK470551/

Olson, J. (2010). Clinical pharmacology made ridiculously simple (4th ed.). MedMaster, Inc.

RxList. (2020, Nov. 25). Dexamethasone. https://www.rxlist.com/dexamethasone-drug.htm#description

National Institutes of Health. (2022, Feb. 07). Diphenhydramine. https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a682539.html