(Answered) Christian Perspective of the Nature of Spirituality and Ethics

(Answered) Christian Perspective of the Nature of Spirituality and Ethics

(Answered) Christian Perspective of the Nature of Spirituality and Ethics 150 150 Prisc

Christian Perspective of the Nature of Spirituality and Ethics

Based on the required topic study materials, write a reflection about worldview and respond to following:

  1. In 250-300 words, explain the Christian perspective of the nature of spirituality and ethics in contrast to the perspective of postmodern relativism within health care.
  2. In 250-300 words, explain what scientismis and describe two of the main arguments against it.
  3. In 550 -words, answer each of the worldview questions according to your own personal perspective and worldview:
    1. What is ultimate reality?
    2. What is the nature of the universe?
    3. What is a human being?
    4. What is knowledge?
    5. What is your basis of ethics?
    6. What is the purpose of your existence?

Remember to support your reflection with the topic study materials.

Sample Answer

Christian Perspective of the Nature of Spirituality and Ethics in Contrast to the Perspective of Postmodern Relativism within Health care

In the Christian perspective, God is the origin of all things. The foundation of the Christian perspective is God. In the Christian perspective, God exists in a supernatural state and cannot be understood by human beings. As the creator of the universe, God is also the sustainer of his creation. Despite Christians believing that science is a good way to investigate and have an adequate understanding of the world, the central belief is that God gives and provides everything in the universe, including wisdom (Bogue & Hogan, 2019). Without God-given wisdom, human beings cannot perform science and manage different challenges found in the universe, such as diseases and illnesses. In the Christian perspective, there should therefore be a balance between science and spirituality. Related to ethics, the Christian perspective is that human beings were created in the image of God (Esqueda, 2014). Human life is therefore sacred and should be respected as a show of respect to God the creator. In nursing practice and healthcare settings, health caregivers utilizing the Christian perspective should treat all patients with dignity and respect and seek to address all the healthcare needs of their patients through holistic approaches.

Nurses utilizing the Christian perspective believe that just as God exists as three in one, including the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, human beings also have different parts that make up the whole be such as the physical aspects, the emotional aspect, the mental aspect, and the spiritual aspect. In contrast, the concept of postmodern relativism posits that no absolute truth exists. In postmodern relativism, the truth is invented instead of being discovered (Potgieter & Van der Walt, 2015). Postmodern relativists believe that only personal purpose exists. In postmodern relativism, right and wrong and morality are blurred, with morality being viewed as being subjective. In Postmodern relativism, human beings are not special compared to other animals and non-living things (Potgieter & Van der Walt, 2015). Applying postmodern relativism in the healthcare environment can be challenging because it can limit the truth and even lead to unending arguments related to the basic principles that govern life.


Scientism is the basic premise that everything in the universe can be explained through science. The ideology of scientism states that knowledge can only be produced through science (Hietanen et al., 2020). This is in sharp contrast to the Christian perspective, where knowledge is obtained from traditions and passed across generations. Scientism only considers human reasons and experimental reasons as the main sources of knowledge for human beings (Hietanen et al., 2020). In a significant issue such as life after death, a person applying scientism may conclude that because there is no evidence of life after passing on, death represents the end of life.

One of the central arguments against scientism is that presenting a statement that science is the only way that human beings can obtain knowledge about the world is itself not based on science but on faith. Therefore, those who subscribe to the scientism ideology are subjective in stating that science is the only way to obtain knowledge about the world (Hietanen et al., 2020). Similar subjective ideologies are applied in other perspectives of looking at the world, such as the Christian perspective. The second argument against scientism is that using standard scientific procedures does not produce similar results among different individuals. All individuals, including scientists, are affected by certain biases, including religious biases that can tamper with the process of science and the accuracy of the ideology of scientism (Hietanen et al., 2020).