Childhood Obesity

Childhood Obesity

Childhood Obesity 150 150 Peter

Childhood Obesity

Statement: In obese children, aged 1-15 years, how can education on diet and physical exercise be effective in reducing BMI over a one-year period of time, rather than no education?

1) Discuss the community needs as it relates to the reason for your capstone research inquiry (In obese children, aged 1-15 years, how can education on diet and physical exercise be effective in reducing BMI over a one-year period of time, rather than no education?).
2) Why do you believe your research findings will address the identified needs that prompted your inquiry?

Expectations
Length: A minimum of 275 words, not including references
Citations: At least 2 high-level scholarly references in APA-7 from within the last 5 years

Sample Paper

Childhood Obesity

As society continues to change, people’s life styles change as well. One change that has become very apparent over time is people’s change in weight. Obesity is becoming a global issue, especially among children. Childhood obesity is one of the fastest growing health problems (“Nutritional”3375). There are many factors contributing to childhood obesity, such as poor nutrition, lack of exercise, poor role models and over usage of technology. Many health problems result from obesity; such as heart attack, diabetes, and premature death. Warren stated that she believed obesity would continue to be a major health problem if preventative actions
were not taken.

It is clear that over time human’s average body mass has increased. This change is primarily due to the changes in our life style. All humans used to live in hunter and gatherer societies, but now most societies are industrialized. This means that instead of having to go out and hunt for food, you can typically walk to another room to retrieve food. This has caused a change in appetite, making people more driven to eat more frequently (Cole par 10). Food has become more readily accessible to us, resulting in the likely hood that we eat even when we are not hungry and more frequently. Readily accessible food is not the only cause for obesity in societies though.

Children do most of their learning through observation, so it is very important that kids have reliable role models. It is proven that children with overweight parents are more likely to be overweight. Studies show that if both parents are overweight than the child has a seventy five percent chance of being overweight as well (Braunstein par 5). If parents stress the importance of exercise and staying active in the home, children are more likely to be involved in sports and other extracurricular activities. Most children eat what their parents eat. So if the mother is eating fast food for dinner, chances are the child is too. One of the most important factors in a child’s outcome is their role model so it is important that kids have healthy role models.

Good nutrition is one of the most important factors in maintaining a healthy weight. With hectic work and school schedules parents are starting to rely more on fast food, instant meals, and eating out. These meal options are usually high on calories, salt, fat and sugar. Soft drinks are one of the most common contributors to weight gain. These sugary drinks are accompanied with most meals received at restaurants, wither they are sit down or take out. The elimination of soft drinks from the diet would result in a dramatic weight loss among children and adults (Braunstein par 8).

Children are more likely to eat foods packaged with cartoon characters advertised on the front. Researchers at Yale University conducted a study on 40 children that showed two thirds of the participants were more likely to eat whatever food was packaged in a wrapper with a recognizable character on the front. The problem with this is most foods with advertisements on the front are unhealthy junk foods. These advertisements should be across the packages of health foods instead of processed junk food (Hellmich par 4).

One of the biggest contributing factors to childhood obesity is the growing reliance on technology. Recent advances in technology have led to a more sedentary life style among children. Watching television, the computer, and playing video games are three popular technologies used most often. American children spend roughly twenty five percent of their day watching television programs (Braubstein par 6). Before such advanced technology, children would play outside or spend more time with friends do various activities. Now instead most children will go home from school and watch television all afternoon resulting in a sedentary life
style. This sedentary way of life will continue to cause weight gain if actions are not changed.

A less thought about contributor to childhood obesity is sleep, or lack thereof. It is proven that people are more susceptible to weight gain under shortened duration of sleep (Braunstein par 10). Most kids will stay up late doing homework or playing with technology, but it is important that they go to bed at a reasonable hour to maintain a healthy life style. Parents should enforce bed times with their children to ensure that they are promoting good health.

Children spend a great deal of time in school, so it is important that schools are promoting good health. Many grade schools around the nation are cutting back on physical education classes, and recess time for children. These are the two main ways many children get physical activity throughout the day, so cutting back on this time is cutting back on children’s physical activity (Warren). Many schools offer healthy food options in the cafeteria, but they are accompanied by high fat junk foods. Parents are not present to restrict what children order so why would a child choose spinach over French fries? Schools need to cut back on serving junk food and promote healthier food options in the cafeteria (Warren).

There are many health risk associated with childhood obesity. Like I mentioned earlier, overweight children are more likely to be overweight adults. There are many diseases that are associated with being overweight. There is a higher risk for metabolic, cardiovascular, and respiratory diseases (“Child Over” par 14). Obesity also leads to type two diabetes. All of these diseases can lead to premature death.

Many mental health risks are also associated with obesity. Many children may feel insecure, thus leading to a poor self-image if overweight. Insecure children have a harder time associating with class mates, peers and teachers. This can affect their performance in school, and their overall enjoyment of school and life. An overweight child maybe seen as different or weird by other children, leading them to feeling left out or unwanted. Childhood obesity can lead to depression (“Child Over” par 13). Children with a healthy body weight are more likely to enjoy school and other everyday activities.