Assignment: Hand hygiene Research Study

Assignment: Hand hygiene Research Study

Assignment: Hand hygiene Research Study 150 150 Prisc

Assignment: Hand hygiene Research Study

Assignment: Hand hygiene Research Study



Hand hygiene research study.

Marilyn Sanchez Muniz

Grand Canyon University

Introduction to Nursing Research



Naturally, our hands have germs on them. Some live on the hands while others are picked up when touching surfaces or objects such as chairs, tables, and beds and so on when doing our day-to-day activities. This is normal and does not pose a risk. However, as you go about your nursing role in care settings, your hands pick up a lot of germs, and they can cause harm when passed to another individual like to a patient or a client. Hand hygiene gets rid of most of these types of germs. Hand hygiene involves washing hands and drying them thoroughly. In this paper, I will summarize a research study I did in topic one and provide ethical considerations of the study.


The central endeavor of this study is to analyze and evaluate the risk involved when healthcare providers fail to observe hand hygiene and important of installing hand sanitizer dispensers in appropriate locations in the healthcare setting (Cure, 2015). The purpose of this study is to educate healthcare providers on the importance and benefits of observing hand hygiene during care delivery to themselves, their colleagues and patients.

This research topic is very important to nursing. When healthcare providers fail to observe appropriate hand hygiene, they are at increased risks of getting infections, spreading them to their fellow providers and patients. These healthcare providers can be infected with surgical site infections, bloodstream infections, gastrointestinal infections, chest or respiratory infections and urinary tract infections or spread them to their colleagues or patients. This study exposes the risks of not adhering to hand hygiene practices and emphasize on the importance of hand sanitizer dispensers on hand hygiene (Cure, 2015). Therefore, this study should be deemed essential and relevant to nursing practice.

Moreover, patients usually carry microbes without portraying any sign of an infection. Therefore, healthcare providers can pass infections from one patient to another. The main objective of this article under study is to explore hand hygiene, its importance, and risks involved if hand hygiene is not observed appropriately. The purpose of this research work is to emphasize on the importance of hand hygiene in the healthcare settings.

Methods of study

The author of the study conducted a systematic review of the qualitative studies on hand hygiene. The author laid down the behavior of nurses and other healthcare providers of not observing hand hygiene practices. The authors conducted qualitative research to investigate the risks that nurses expose to patients when they fail to comply with the recommended hand hygiene practices they are expected to follow.

The authors compose the research work based on searching for electronic databases and evaluating them. Some of the databases that were helpful to this research work include Social Policy and Practice, British Nursing Index and American Nurses Associations. Relevant and vital papers were also searched and assessed. The strategy used in searching combined effective methodological terms for qualitative research and particular terms of hand hygiene.

The researchers used observations, face-to-face qualitative interviews, as well as focus groups which were published in the peer-reviewed articles as samples. They also assessed the patients’ perspective and opinions on nurses’ hand hygiene. The researchers also included quantitative questionnaire analysis and patients’ telephone interviews. Furthermore, the researchers included interviews of patients who were infected with various types of infections by nurses who fail to adhere to hand hygiene practices. These researchers also considered source materials in different languages as samples. This is because the languages of the researchers were not a barrier to the study. They also included modes of translation within the research study framework.

Data were analyzed and synthesized using steps which are recommended by United Kingdom Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) for research methods and program guidance. Complying with the technique, reproducible and systematic techniques were provided regarding narrative synthesis and for promoting transparency when it comes to reporting and evaluating the robustness of the study outcomes. The researchers used thematic analysis and textual summary to combine the outcomes. They also adopted the “one-sheet-paper method” using textual summaries as well as full text of papers if needed.

Results of the study

The study found that the primary cause of healthcare providers’ hand unhygienic practices is due to lack of enough hand sanitizer dispensers in hospitals. In fact, some healthcare organizations did not have hand sanitizer dispensers — this inconvenienced healthcare providers as they cannot keep on getting out to wash their hands in the washrooms now and then while patients are waiting for their services. The study also found that some hospitals have adequate hand sanitizer dispensers which are placed in strategic locations but nurses still comply with 50 percent or less of the recommended hand hygiene practices (Cure, 2015). They put their patients, their colleagues and themselves of risks of being infected with infections associated with medical equipment and medical environment.

The outcomes of the study are entirely relevant to nursing practitioners. From the results, nurses and other healthcare providers can understand the importance of hand hygiene and the risks of not adhering to hand hygiene practices in the healthcare setting. Nurses and other healthcare providers should understand the recommended hand hygiene practices and adhere to them to improve their safety, the safety of their colleagues and their patients. Hand hygiene also keeps the care environment clean. The article also helps hospital management and administrators on the importance of mounting hand sanitizer dispensers in appropriate locations within the hospital premises (Cure, 2015). If healthcare providers increase their hand hygiene from the current below 50 % of the recommended times, the number of patients who get infected with healthcare-associated infection can reduce.

Ethical considerations

This study depended on both primary and secondary sources in electronic databases form. There is no respondent/participant who was directly involved in this research study and the study processes. Therefore, the study did not demand any ethical approval.


The study adhered to formatting and norms of good qualitative research study. The data collection methods were indisputable and transparent. The research methodology, in its entirety, was free from errors. The outcomes of the study are relevant to the nursing practice as healthcare providers can learn a lot from it regarding hand hygiene. Healthcare administration can also learn from the study as they can install or mount hand sanitizer dispensers at appropriate locations in their hospitals. The study is a good source of information for hand hygiene and why it is essential in care setting.


Cure, L. &. (2015). Major article: Effect of hand sanitizer location on hand hygiene compliance. AJIC: American Journal of Infection Control, 43917-921. doi:10.1016/j.ajic.2015.05.013.

Chan, B. P., Homa, K., & Kirkland, K. B. (2013). Effect of varying the number and location of alcohol-based hand rub dispensers on usage in a general inpatient medical unit. Infection Control And Hospital Epidemiology, 34(9), 987-989. doi:10.1086/671729

Assignment: Hand hygiene Research Study

Assignment: Hand hygiene Research Study

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.


Discussion Questions (DQ)

Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
Weekly Participation

Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality

Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes

I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
LopesWrite Policy

For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
Late Policy

The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.

Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.