Analyze salient ethical issues in psychiatric mental health practice

Analyze salient ethical issues in psychiatric mental health practice

Analyze salient ethical issues in psychiatric mental health practice 150 150 Nyagu

Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment
Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment

Analyzing an Ethical Decision

Article: “Zhang S, Graham M, Brink J & Wang X. (2015). Involuntary admission and treatment of patients with mental disorder. Neurosci Bull. 31(1), 99–112”.

ORDER A CUSTOM-WRITTEN, PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE

Ethical Issue in the Article

Ethics involving involuntary treatment for people with mental illness revolve about protecting patients and other people and the ethical and legal aspects of balancing the autonomy and rights of the patient with the public rights (Sadock et al, 2014). Sometimes psychiatric patients do not consider themselves to be ill while other times they refuse to undergo treatment and therefore they may end up being forced to undergo treatment against their will (Zhang et al, 2015). Moreover, majority of voluntary psychiatric patients are coerced into accepting treatment maybe by the family, employer, friends or medical personnel. Accordingly, the involuntary treatment of psychiatric people brings in ethical issues in regard to autonomy and informed consent (Zhang et al, 2015). This is because involuntary treatment may be viewed to be violating the autonomy of the patient as well as the principle of informed consent. Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment.

Moral and Ethical Dilemmas Surrounding the Issue

The moral and ethical dilemma surrounding the issue of voluntary vs. involuntary treatment occurs when the healthcare provider is forced to honor the autonomy of the patient and seek informed consent, and at the same time ensure that the patient gets the suitable treatment (Opsal et al, 2016). Mental illness can impair the patient’s judgment and their decision-making ability and hence such patients may not be able to make decisions regarding their treatment. Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment. Accordingly, the healthcare provider has to make a decision between respecting the autonomy of the patient and being beneficent by providing treatment to be patient (Hustoft et al, 2018). The line separating the respect for the patient autonomy and beneficent care brings in moral and ethical dilemmas especially when handling individuals with severe mental illness. A healthcare provider should be able to justify and be heedful of any removal of the patient’s right and learn the responsibility of stripping a patient their freedom in order to provide the appropriate care (Hustoft et al, 2018).

Comparison to State Health Laws and Regulations in Missouri

Missouri has civil commitment laws that set out the procedure to determine when involuntary treatment is suitable for people with severe mental illness. Laws of Missouri permit the use of court-ordered treatment which is referred to as assisted outpatient treatment (AOT). For a person to be provided with the court-ordered treatment, the person must demonstrate probability of serious harm to self and other people, and show significant risk of physical harm that may result due to the inability of the individual to make treatment decisions because of the mental impairment (Lebenbaum et al, 2018) Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment. Missouri laws also list the designated facilities acknowledged by the Department of Mental Health to offer involuntary detention services. Similarly, the principle of beneficence supports treatment for the best interests of the patient and if the patient is perceived to pose danger to self or other people, and is unwilling to get treatment (Lebenbaum et al, 2018). Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment.

Process of Ethical Decision Making

The first step would be to recognize the ethical dilemma and gather the relevant factors about the dilemma. The second step would be to examine for the right-versus-wrong issues and test for right-versus-right paradigms. Finally, the organization policies regarding ethics and Missouri laws about involuntary treatment would be analyzed in order to make the appropriate ethical decisions (Brayley et al, 2015). Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment.

References

Brayley J, Alston A & Rogers K. (2015). Legal criteria for involuntary mental health admission: clinician performance in recording grounds for decision. Med J Aust. 203 (8): 334.

Hustoft K, Larsen K et al. (2018). Voluntary or involuntary acute psychiatric hospitalization in Norway:A 24 h follow up study. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. 56 (2018), 27-34

Lebenbaum M, Chiu M, Vigod S & Paul K. (2018). Prevalence and predictors of involuntary psychiatric hospital admissions in Ontario, Canada: a population-based linked administrative database study. BJPsych Open. 4(2), 31–38. Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment.

Opsal A, Kare J & Clausen T. (2016). Perceived coercion to enter treatment among involuntarily and voluntarily admitted patients with substance use disorders. BMC Health Serv Res. 16(656).

Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Learning Resources

Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.

Required Readings

American Nurses Association. (2014). Psychiatric-mental health nursing: Scope and standards of practice (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Author. Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment.

•Standard 5D “Prescriptive Authority and Treatment” (page 58)
Note: Throughout the program you will be reading excerpts from the ANA’s Scope & Standards of Practice for Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing. It is essential to your success on the ANCC board certification exam for Psychiatric/Mental Health Nurse Practitioners that you know the scope of practice of the advanced practice psychiatric/mental health nurse. You should also be able to differentiate between the generalist RN role in psychiatric/mental health nursing and the advanced practice nurse role.

Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

•Chapter 5, “Examination and Diagnosis of the Psychiatric Patient” (pp. 192–289)
•Chapter 31, “Child Psychiatry” (pp. 1082–1107)

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

•“Introduction”
•“Use of the Manual”
•“Cultural Formulation”
Note: You will access this book from the Walden Library databases.

Kaplan, C. (2017). Ethical dilemmas. Advanced Healthcare Network. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20160416180027/http://nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assistants.advanceweb.com/Article/Ethical-Dilemmas-2.aspx Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment

Pumariega, A. J., Rothe, E., Mian, A., Carlisle, L., Toppelberg, C., Harris, T., . . . Smith, J. (2013). Practice parameter for cultural competence in child and adolescent psychiatric practice. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 52(10), 1101–1115. Retrieved from http://www.jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567(13)00479-6/pdf

American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP). (2012a). Practice parameter for psychodynamic psychotherapy with children. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(5), 541–557. Retrieved from http://www.jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567(12)00141-4/pdf

American Psychological Association. (2017). Code of Ethics. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/

Document: Child and Adolescent Diagnostic Assessment Worksheet (Word document)

Document: Practicum Journal Template (Word document) Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment

Required Media

Gajbhare, P. (2014, March 8). Mental status examination [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VjWVYgf2UcU

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 36 minutes.

YMH Boston. (2013a, May 22). Vignette 1 – Introduction to a preventive services visit [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pQy-jwiu7gM

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 3 minutes.

YMH Boston. (2013c, May 22). Vignette 4 – Introduction to a mental health assessment [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JCJOXQa9wcE

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 4 minutes. Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment

Optional Resources

Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

•Chapter 1, “Neural Sciences” (pp. 1–92)
•Chapter 31.2, “Assessment, Examination, and Psychological testing” (pp. 1107–1118)

Thapar, A., Pine, D. S., Leckman, J. F., Scott, S., Snowling, M. J., & Taylor, E. A. (2015). Rutter’s child and adolescent psychiatry (6th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell.

Assignment: Practicum Journal Entry: Analyzing an Ethical Decision

In your role as a PMHNP, you will encounter several situations that will require your ability to make sound judgments and practice decisions for the safety and well-being of individuals, families, and communities. There may not be a clear-cut answer of how to address the issue, but your ethical decision making must be based on evidenced-based practice and what is good, right, and beneficial for patients. You will encounter patients who do not hold your values, but you must remain professional and unbiased in the care you provide to all patients regardless of their socio-demographic and ethnic/racial background. You must be prepared to critically analyze ethical situations and develop an appropriate plan of action. For this Assignment, you review the literature and discover the various ethical dilemmas PMHNPs encounter and how these issues are typically addressed in your state.

Learning Objectives

Students will:
•Analyze salient ethical issues in psychiatric mental health practice
•Compare ethical dilemmas with state health laws and regulations
•Analyze ethical decision-making processes Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment

To prepare:
•Review literature for moral/ethical issues encountered by a PMHNP.
•Select one of the articles you found that was published within the last 5 years to use as a focus for this assignment.

Write a 2-page paper in which you do the following:
•Summarize the moral/ethical issue in the article (no more than 1 paragraph).
•Describe the moral and ethical dilemmas surrounding the issue.
•Analyze the ethical issue and compare them to the state health laws and regulations in your state.
•Outline the process of ethical decision making you would use to address this ethical dilemma. Analyzing an Ethical Decision Practicum Journal Entry Essay Assignment