American Foreign Policy during the Cold War

American Foreign Policy during the Cold War

American Foreign Policy during the Cold War 150 150 Peter

American Foreign Policy during the Cold War

Initial Post Instructions
Pick three (3) of the following American Foreign policies:

Marshall Plan
Berlin Airlift
Containment
Anti-Communist Freedom Fighters
Vietnam (conflict) War
Détente’
SALT I & SALT II
Camp David Accords
Strategic Defense Initiative (nicknamed ‘Star Wars’)
Then, address the following for your selections:

Explain how each of your choices was an effective policy to thwart international communist expansion.
Based on your selections, analyze if the United States should have feared international communist subversion during the Cold War era (1945-1991).

Sample Paper

                                       American Foreign Policy during the Cold War

American Foreign Policies had numerous objectives, including protecting the U.S, its citizens and allies, assurance of ongoing admission to the global markets and resources, conservation of power balance in the world, and protection of human rights and equality. In this case, I pick Camp David Accords, Containment and SALT I & SALT II policies.

 How Camp David Accords, Containment and SALT I & SALT II Were Effective Policies

to Thwart the International Communist Expansion.

Camp David Accords formed the new idea of peace in the Middle East as known for the formal treaty of peace between Egypt and Israel. It occasioned to recruiting of a great peace treaty between Israel and Egypt back in 1979 (Openstax, 2019). More meetings to resolve the Palestinian question were requested. Five-year change period of the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza and the West Bank was called for. Besides, the accords laid the groundwork for Oslo Accords, pacts signed by Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel in 1993 that resolved important issues, moving the region one step closer to the lasting peace that, to date, still is elusive.

Containment policy, on the other hand, was a foreign policy of the U.S hosted at the beginning of the Cold War (Wilde, 2018). This particular policy was an efficient to prevent international communist expansion. It meant ending spread of the Communism, keeping it “controlled” and inaccessible within its present Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) borders instead of spreading the war. Besides, SALT I and SALT II as the first agreements, were signed by the U.S and USSR back in 1972 & 1979, respectively (Openstax, 2019). In relation to its effectiveness in thwarting international communist expansion, this policy intended to contain the arms race in strategic (long-range) ballistic missiles equipped with nuclear weapons.

If U.S Should Have Feared the International Communist Subversion during the Cold

War Era (1945-1991)

The U.S must have feared the international communist subversion in the Cold War era. This is because, for one, there was a lack of trust in the Soviet Union and suspicion of nuclear war. As well, international Communist was very influential. USSR had formed a sphere of impact in Eastern Europe. According to Roland. (2021), the communists had taken power in China, North Vietnam and North Korea and were now taking power in Cuba. The USA had interceded in Korean War but had received fights to a standstill. USSR was leading in Space Race and had a nuclear bomb, and it had an army of spies around the world.

References

OpenStax. (2019). U.S. history. OpenStax CNX. Retrieved from httgs://cnx.org/contents/g7ovulkl@6.18:gMXC1 GEM@7/introduction

Roland, G. (2021). China’s rise and its implications for International Relations and Northeast Asia. Asia and the Global Economy1(2), 100016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aglobe.2021.100016

Wilde. (2018). Containment: America’s plan to stop Communism. ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/what-was-containment-1221496